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Shunting[Inhalt]
German Reichsbahn Kleinlokomotive class I
German Federal Railway class 311 and German Reichsbahn class 1000
Germany | 1934 | ca. 290 produced
311 223 and 311 232 parked in Eschwege in April 1976 after the end of their service life
311 223 and 311 232 parked in Eschwege in April 1976 after the end of their service life
Werner & Hansjörg Brutzer

These locomotives were developed from 1930 to take on light shunting tasks at small stations. In 1931 it was defined that power group I should consist of small locomotives with an output of less than 40 hp. A few locomotives were initially ordered between 1931 and 1934, which the four manufacturers Jung, Orenstein & Koppel, Windhoff and Gmeinder had developed independently of one another. These could be obtained cheaply and served their purpose, but they were all built differently.

For this reason, a standard design was created in 1934, the vehicles of which were identical except for different diesel engines. The first variant had an operating weight of eight tonnes and, depending on the engine, an output of between 25 and 30 hp. In 1935 and 1936, a reinforced standard design with 35 to 40 hp was created. The power was transmitted in a very simple way via chains from the gearbox to both axles. Its designation was Kö I, which stood for “Kleinlokomotive mit Ölmotor” (Light locomotive with oil engine). During the war some were converted to run on LPG and then designated Kb I.

The cab was at the rear, but the hood was so small that it was easy to look past. In the driver's cab there was a control panel in each direction to make maneuvering in both directions easier. At both ends there was a very simple form of shunting coupler that coupled automatically and was released with a foot pedal. A braking system operated by compressed air for the entire train was also dispensed with, only the locomotive itself could be braked using a foot brake. A curiosity is that the locomotives of the first series were not allowed to leave the stations because they weighed eight tonnes and were too light to trigger some contacts. The reinforced models no longer had this problem with their ten tonnes.

After the war, the examples of the first series were quickly retired. The rest received 50 hp Deutz tractor engines between 1954 and 1962 and other standardizations. Nevertheless, their possible uses shrank as parcel traffic continued to decrease. They were now too weak to move the heavier unit trains, which is why in 1968 only a smaller number were included in the new numbering scheme as class 311.

At the Reichsbahn they only received new engines and from 1970 they became the class 1000. Here, too, most of the locomotives were decommissioned in the seventies while new small locomotives of performance class II were being built.

Variantstandard designheavy design variant
General
Built1934-19351935-1938
ManufacturerGmeinder, Windhoff, Esslingen
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length17 ft 11 9/16 in18 ft 3 1/2 in
Wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in8 ft 2 11/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in8 ft 2 11/16 in
Service weight17,637 lbs22,046 lbs
Adhesive weight17,637 lbs22,046 lbs
Axle load8,818 lbs11,023 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed11 mph14 mph
Fuel15 us gal (diesel)
Engine output30 hp (22 kW)38 hp (28 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
small locomotive
switcher
last changed: 03/2022
Deutsche Werke Kiel 110 B
| 1938 | 30 produced
Kö 5049 in the Railway Museum in Gramzow
Kö 5049 in the Railway Museum in Gramzow
Rainer Haufe
General
Built1938-1941
ManufacturerDWK
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length21 ft 7 13/16 in
Wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Service weight52,911 lbs
Adhesive weight52,911 lbs
Axle load26,455 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed16 mph
EngineDWK 6V 18V
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel40 us gal (diesel)
Engine output109 hp (81 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
small locomotive
last changed: 10 2023
French State Railway (État) ZZ 207 to 221
French State Railway Y 6020
France | 1931 | 22 produced
Y 6020 in Remiremont
Y 6020 in Remiremont
Joachim Lutz
General
Built1931-1932
ManufacturerBaudet Donon Roussel
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length29 ft 2 in
Wheelbase11 ft 7 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 7 3/8 in
Service weight64,816 lbs
Adhesive weight64,816 lbs
Axle load32,408 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed34 mph
EngineMercedes Benz oder Renault
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output99 hp (74 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
last changed: 08 2023
LKM Babelsberg V 10 B
Germany | 1958 | 591 produced
Former No. 1 of Ermafa (First Chemnitz machine factory) exhibited in Chemnitz Hilbersdorf
Former No. 1 of Ermafa (First Chemnitz machine factory) exhibited in Chemnitz Hilbersdorf
(dwt)

The diesel-mechanical light locomotive of the type V 10 B was manufactured by the LKM Babelsberg for industrial railways and for export. The designation stood for an output of 100 hp and two axles. It was technically based on the N4, which in turn was very similar to the Kleinlokomotiven of power class 2. However, what was new about the V 10 B and the narrow-gauge version V 10 C was that they no longer had a very low driver's cab. The exported locomotives went to several countries in the Eastern Bloc, as well as to friendly countries. The V 15, also built for the Reichsbahn from 1958, was based on the V 10 B, but was more powerful and had hydraulic power transmission.

General
Built1958-1976
ManufacturerLKM Babelsberg
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length22 ft 10 in
Wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Service weight39,683 lbs
Adhesive weight39,683 lbs
Axle load13,228 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed19 mph
Engine6 KVD 14.5 SRL
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel58 us gal (diesel)
Engine output101 hp (75 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
last changed: 08/2023
Polish State Railways SM03 (Fablok 2D)
Poland | 1959 | 273 produced
SM03-700 at the Sroda Sugar Factory in 2011
SM03-700 at the Sroda Sugar Factory in 2011
Maciejw

The SM03 was a two-axle shunter that was slightly heavier and significantly more powerful than the SM02 and was called the Ls150 or 2D by the manufacturer. It was initially made by Fablok and was powered by a six-cylinder diesel with 150 hp. Like many larger shunting locomotives, it had hoods of different lengths and a driver's cab with generous glazing. In the first series, the mechanical transmission had only one gear2q1 and limited the top speed to exactly 25.7 km/h. Later, another two-speed gearbox was used, which allowed the same speed in first gear and 45.8 km/h in second gear. The PKP procured a few more machines than from the SM02, but only used them to move other locomotives and passenger cars due to the limited capacity. The remaining machines were bought by the industry, which found a wide range of tasks for them.

The locos' nicknames were “Kogucik” and “Kaczka”, meaning “chicken” and “duck”, alluding to the small size and the looks. Since 1965 it had also been built by Zastal in Zielona Góra and a total of 273 units were built by 1969. The further development Zastal 409D was also developed by Zastal. A license-built Henschel 14H6 was used as the engine, which produced 180 hp. These locomotives were built by Zastal until 1978, then by Mystal in Myszków until 1989 and then by ZNTK Olesnica until 1995. The 409D was only used by private operators and not by PKP. A few examples of the locos can still be found in commercial use in the 21st century and some have been preserved for posterity.

VariantLs1502Ls150
General
Built1959-1969
ManufacturerFablok, Zastal
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length22 ft 9 1/4 in
Wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Service weight52,911 lbs
Adhesive weight52,911 lbs
Axle load26,455 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed16 mph29 mph
Starting effort13,264 lbf
EngineDSR 150
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel66 us gal (diesel)
Engine output148 hp (110 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
industry
last changed: 03/2022
Polish State Railways Lyd1
Fablok Wls 150 and Zastal Wls 180
Poland | 1960 | 191 produced
Lyd1-210 in November 2017 on the former Schrodaer Kreisbahn in today
Lyd1-210 in November 2017 on the former Schrodaer Kreisbahn in today's Sroda
Hugh Llewelyn
VariantWls 150Wls 180
General
Built1960-1972
ManufacturerFablok, Zastal
Axle configC 
Gauge2 ft 5 1/2 in, 2 ft 6 7/8 in (Narrow gauge), 2 ft 11 7/16 in (Narrow gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length18 ft 9 3/16 in
Wheelbase6 ft 6 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 6 3/4 in
Service weight39,683 lbs
Adhesive weight39,683 lbs
Axle load13,228 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed25 mph
Starting effort6,070 lbf8,543 lbf
Engine5DSR1506R1416
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel66 us gal (diesel)
Engine output148 hp (110 kW)177 hp (132 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
narrow gauge
industry
last changed: 08 2023
Soviet Railways series ТУ6А
Soviet Union | 1973 | 3,915 produced
ТУ6А-2917
ТУ6А-2917
Mechanik1975

Based on the narrow-gauge locomotive ТУ6 (TU6), the ТУ6А was built in Kambarka from 1973, which now had 200 instead of 90 hp. Like this one, it had two bogies with mechanical power transmission. The TU6A was placed below the more powerful ТУ4 with hydraulic power transmission. Externally they were initially almost identical until the visual appearance was changed in later machines. The number reached 3,915 by 1988, making it the most widespread narrow-gauge locomotive in the Soviet Union. Many were used in industrial plants, but one made it to the children's railway in Yaroslavl.

General
Built1973-1988
ManufacturerKambarka
Axle configB-B 
Gauge2 ft 5 1/2 in
Dimensions and Weights
Length30 ft 3 in
Fixed wheelbase4 ft 7 1/8 in
Service weight30,865 lbs
Adhesive weight30,865 lbs
Axle load7,716 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed31 mph
Starting effort6,070 lbf
EngineYamZ-204A
Engine type4-cyl. diesel
Fuel206 us gal (diesel)
Engine output197 hp (147 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
switcher
narrow gauge
last changed: 02/2024
Czechoslovak State Railways classes T 211.0 and T 211.1
Czech Railways and Slovenian Railways classes 700 and 701.3
Czechoslovakia | 1953 | 835 produced
Photo of the 700 634-9 still in service
Photo of the 700 634-9 still in service
Dezidor

From 1953, CKD developed the T 211.0 for light shunting service and works railways. It was a two-axle locomotive with a frame length of almost seven meters and a comparatively large cab. The cab door was usually at the rear, but on some locomotives it was on the sides of the cab. Even though all locomotives in this series were built for the standard gauge, they were designed for conversion to gauges between 600 and 1,676 mm. Power was delivered by the Tatra 111 A truck diesel with 165 hp, which had a displacement of 14.8 liters and twelve cylinders. The power was transmitted by a Mylius gearbox, which was already used in Czechoslovakia in the further development of a Reichsbahn railcar.

A total of 835 examples were built, which were also exported to a large number of countries. They were found not only throughout the Eastern bloc, but also in Egypt, India and Iraq. Between 1977 and 1995 almost all examples in Czechoslovakia were fitted with a new 200 hp Tatra 930.51 engine. These locomotives were designated T 211.1 and many of them are still in service today. They have been listed as class 701.3 since 1988, while those not converted are listed as class 700. Some of the modernized locomotives were converted to the gauge of 760 or 1,000 mm and designated as T 29.0 or class 701.9.

VariantT 211.0T 211.1
General
Built1953-19611977-1991
ManufacturerČKD
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length23 ft 9 1/16 in
Service weight48,502 lbs
Adhesive weight48,502 lbs
Axle load24,251 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed25 mph
Starting effort12,814 lbf
EngineTatra 111 ATatra 930.51
Engine typeV12 diesel
Fuel92 us gal (diesel)
Engine output162 hp (121 kW)197 hp (147 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
industry
last changed: 03/2022
Czechoslovak State Railways class T 212.0
Czech Railways and Slovak Railway class 702
Czechoslovakia | 1967 | 307 produced
CD 702 062 in 2009 in Malomericích
CD 702 062 in 2009 in Malomericích
Dezidor
General
Built1967-1971
ManufacturerČKD, Turčianske strojárne
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length23 ft 8 1/4 in
Wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight52,911 lbs
Adhesive weight52,911 lbs
Axle load26,455 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed25 mph
Starting effort13,039 lbf
EngineTatra 930-51
Engine typeV12 diesel
Engine output197 hp (147 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
industry
last changed: 09 2023
Hungarian State Railways series M28
Hungary | 1955 | more than 100 produced
A21-009 in the Füsti Railway Museum
A21-009 in the Füsti Railway Museum
NearEMPTiness
VariantM28.1M28.2M28.2 rebuilt
General
Built1955-1959
ManufacturerRába
Axle configB 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length24 ft 2 15/16 in
Wheelbase11 ft 8 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 8 3/16 in
Service weight41,888 lbs
Adhesive weight41,888 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanicdiesel-hydraulic
Top speed19 mph31 mph
EngineGanz VIJaR 135Rába–MAN D 2156 HM
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel59 us gal (diesel)81 us gal (diesel)
Engine output129 hp (96 kW)197 hp (147 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
industry
last changed: 09 2023
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