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Steam Locomotives of the Kaiser Ferdinands-Nordbahn (KFNB)[Inhalt]
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway “Austria” and “Moravia”
Austria-Hungary | 1837 | 2 produced
Model of the “Austria”
Model of the “Austria”

For the opening of Austria's first steam-powered railway, the Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn ordered two two-axle steam locomotives from Stephenson in Newcastle. They were of a standard type offered at the time and had a rear driven axle with five foot wheels. After a voyage across the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, they were unloaded in Trieste and transported across the Semmering by horse-drawn carriage. They were baptized with the names “Austria” and “Moravia”.

After all, “Austria” was the locomotive that undertook the first test run on the line between Floridsdorf and Deutsch-Wagram on November 13, 1837. It is therefore considered the first steam locomotive that ran in Austria. A memorial in Deutsch-Wagram has been commemorating this journey since 1987.

With their 20 hp, they were soon too weak for most tasks. As a result, they had to hand over more and more services to the three-axle locomotives ordered directly after them. Since the operation of two-axle locomotives in Austria was forbidden after a serious accident in France in 1842 and a conversion to three-axle locomotives was not possible, they were soon parked and scrapped.

General
Built1837
ManufacturerStephenson
Axle config2-2-0 (Planet)
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Empty weight16,535 lbs
Service weight20,062 lbs
Adhesive weight9,921 lbs
Axle load9,921 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power27 hp (20 kW)
Optimal speed15 mph
Starting effort1,150 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter60 in
Boiler pressure51 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 10 x 16 in
Boiler
Grate area5.8 sq ft
Firebox area32.6 sq ft
Tube heating area258.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area290.9 sq ft
Total heating area290.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 03/2023
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway “Koloss” and “Elephant”
later series I No. 308 and 309
Austria-Hungary | 1844 | 2 produced
“Koloss”
“Koloss”

After the KFNB had ordered the first five freight locomotives in the 0-4-2 wheel arrangement in England at the end of the 1830s, they began to manufacture their own freight locomotives in Wiener Neustadt in 1844. Based on the 4-2-0 type from Norris, the bogie was converted into a fixed frame part and the second leading axle was replaced with a coupled axle. The cylinders continued to be fixed in an inclined position next to the smokebox and still drove the rear axle. Because of the low-lying boiler, the deep firebox reached just above the top of the rails.

The engines were given the names “Koloss” and “Elephant” and were delivered in 1844. In 1853 and 1865 they received new boilers with a larger heating surface. Although they were normally only known by their names, they were internally numbered 43 and 44. According to the new scheme from 1869, they were classified as Series I and given the numbers 308 and 309. They were phased out two years later.

Variantas builtnew boiler
General
Built18441853
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length24 ft 8 5/16 in
Wheelbase11 ft 7 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 7 in
Empty weight48,502 lbs
Service weight54,234 lbs54,454 lbs
Adhesive weight39,904 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power134 hp (100 kW)148 hp (110 kW)
Optimal speed10 mph11 mph
Starting effort8,981 lbf8,325 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter46.5 in
Boiler pressure99 psi91 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 x 22 1/8 in
Boiler
Grate area9.9 sq ft12.1 sq ft
Firebox area66.7 sq ft80.7 sq ft
Tube heating area749.2 sq ft803 sq ft
Evaporative heating area815.9 sq ft883.7 sq ft
Total heating area815.9 sq ft883.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 10/2022
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway “Adonis” to “Ganymed”
Austria-Hungary | 1846 | 6 produced
“Ganymed”
“Ganymed”

In 1846, the KFNB had six 4-2-0 machines manufactured by Günther in Wiener Neustadt, which were basically similar to the Norris locomotives from the USA. They were lighter than other machines previously made by European manufacturers. They were given the names “Adonis”, “Jason”, “Deucalion”, “Phaeton”, “Endymion” and “Ganymed”.

The “Jason” fell victim to a boiler explosion in 1848. The technical data given refer to the state after the boilers had been replaced on the other five locomotives between 1853 and 1865. After the “Adonis” had been retired in 1862, all others were retired in 1866.

General
Built1846
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config4-2-0 (Jervis) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco22 ft 8 1/4 in
Wheelbase10 ft 10 15/16 in
Service weight38,801 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power134 hp (100 kW)
Optimal speed12 mph
Starting effort7,402 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49.8 in
Boiler pressure94 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 14 1/2 x 21 3/4 in
Boiler
Firebox area74.3 sq ft
Tube heating area710.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area784.7 sq ft
Total heating area784.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 07/2023
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway “Tiberius” to “Pilades” and Theiss Railway “Branyicska” to “Várda”
Hungarian State Railways IIe and IIf and Hungarian State Railways series 253 and 254
Austria-Hungary | 1856 | 59 produced
“Horaz”
“Horaz”
General
Built1856-1857
ManufacturerStEG
Axle config2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length45 ft 7 5/16 in
Length loco26 ft 9 11/16 in
Wheelbase11 ft 7 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 7 1/8 in
Empty weight58,863 lbs
Service weight63,934 lbs
Adhesive weight44,533 lbs
Total weight114,861 lbs
Water capacity2,087 us gal
Fuel capacity9,259 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Starting effort9,142 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49.8 in
Boiler pressure78 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 9/16 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area16.1 sq ft
Firebox area80.7 sq ft
Tube heating area1,231.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,312.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,312.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway series IVa, later Ia
später umgebaut zu class IIb 1 (Imperial-Royal State Railways class 407)
Austria-Hungary | 1862 | 5 produced
„Rakete<sup>II</sup>” in its original state
„RaketeII” in its original state

In 1862, Sigl manufactured five 2-2-2 express locomotives for the KFNB. They were named “RaketeII”, “BlitzII”, “KometII”, “VestaII” and “NeptuneII”. They were initially classified as type IVa and renamed Ia in 1869. They were characterized by an outside frame and outside cylinders.

“Komet<sup>II</sup>” with driver's cab
“KometII” with driver's cab

When they were used for conventional passenger trains after the economic downturn in 1873, the single driving axle proved to be an obstacle. In 1882 and 1883, all locomotives were rebuilt into the IIb 1, which now had the 2-4-0 wheel arrangement but the same driving wheel diameter. The “KometII” came to the kkStB in 1906 as class 407 and survived until 1913.

Variantas builtrebuilt IIb 1
General
Built18621882-1883
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config2-2-2 (Jenny Lind) 2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco25 ft 1 1/4 in27 ft 9 9/16 in
Wheelbase15 ft 0 1/2 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 0 1/2 in
Empty weight61,729 lbs72,752 lbs
Service weight69,446 lbs81,571 lbs
Adhesive weight55,116 lbs
Total weight122,356 lbs134,482 lbs
Axle load27,558 lbs
Water capacity2,536 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power302 hp (225 kW)402 hp (300 kW)
Optimal speed31 mph27 mph
Starting effort6,200 lbf9,533 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter77.8 in
Boiler pressure94 psi145 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 9/16 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area12.9 sq ft17 sq ft
Firebox area96.9 sq ft73.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,161.4 sq ft1,099 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,258.3 sq ft1,172.2 sq ft
Total heating area1,258.3 sq ft1,172.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
passenger
last changed: 03/2024
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway series IId
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 308, Czechoslovak State Railways class 274.0 and Polish State Railways Pf12
Austria-Hungary | 1895 | 75 produced
Die Lokomotive, June 1904
Schematic drawing with dimensions
Schematic drawing with dimensions
Die Lokomotive, June 1904

The 57 series IId machines of the Kaiser Ferdinands-Nordbahn were the first Atlantic locomotives in Europe. The trailing axle was fixed in the frame, but was only just behind the second coupled axle. In the kkStB they became the class 308 and the twelve machines from 1908 with steam dryers became the 308.5. Three units were converted to the class 227 with a 4-6-0 wheel arrangement. The Warsaw-Vienna Railway received 18 locomotives that were almost identical. After World War I almost half ended up in either Czechoslovakia or Poland. Regardless of the operator, the locomotives had almost completely disappeared around 1940.

Variant225-236237-251252-269270-281
General
Built18951895-18991900-1901, 1905-19071908
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config4-4-2 (Atlantic) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 9 3/16 in
Wheelbase27 ft 4 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 6 9/16 in
Total wheelbase45 ft 7 1/16 in
Empty weight120,593 lbs121,254 lbs
Service weight133,600 lbs134,261 lbs
Adhesive weight61,729 lbs
Total weight215,391 lbs216,494 lbs
Axle load30,865 lbs
Water capacity3,963 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort16,794 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter77.2 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 1/2 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area31.2 sq ft
Firebox area127 sq ft131.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,688.9 sq ft1,683.5 sq ft1,252.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,923.5 sq ft1,918.1 sq ft1,916 sq ft1,384.2 sq ft
Superheater area424.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,923.5 sq ft1,918.1 sq ft1,916 sq ft1,808.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 03/2023
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway series IIIc
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 27, Czechoslovak State Railways class 354.5, Hungarian State Railways class 331 and Yugoslav Railway class 112
Austria-Hungary | 1902 | 11 produced
Die Lokomotive, July 1911

The KFNB designated eleven 4-6-0 express locomotives that were built in Wiener Neustadt in 1902 and 1903 as class IIIc. Their area of operation was the line between Přerov and Ostrava in what is now the eastern Czech Republic. Their driving wheel diameter of just 1,500 mm enabled greater pulling power at the expense of speed.

The two batches of seven and four locomotives differed in that the second was slightly heavier. After the nationalisation, the kkStB initially classified them as class 27, but after the First World War they all came to the ČSD. In 1939 they came to the MÁV and after the war back to the ČSD, which used them until 1949. However, one had come to Yugoslavia in the meantime.

Variant801-807808-811
General
Built1902-1903
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 3 1/4 in57 ft 3 5/8 in
Length loco33 ft 6 1/8 in35 ft 6 9/16 in
Wheelbase22 ft 5 11/16 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 11 7/8 in
Total wheelbase44 ft 9 1/4 in
Empty weight118,829 lbs120,813 lbs
Service weight132,498 lbs133,159 lbs
Adhesive weight91,933 lbs90,389 lbs
Total weight209,218 lbs210,541 lbs
Water capacity3,170 us gal
Fuel capacity8,818 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power939 hp (700 kW)959 hp (715 kW)
Optimal speed25 mph
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort24,033 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter59.1 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 7/8 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area30.1 sq ft31.2 sq ft
Firebox area121.6 sq ft127 sq ft
Tube heating area1,804 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,925.7 sq ft1,931 sq ft
Total heating area1,925.7 sq ft1,931 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 03/2024
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway series VIII
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 260
Austria-Hungary | 1893 | 219 produced
Variantcompound first batchsimplecompound later batches
General
Built1893-1908
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 1 7/8 in52 ft 9 3/4 in
Length loco30 ft 6 in31 ft 1 7/8 in
Wheelbase20 ft 2 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 9 3/4 in
Total wheelbase40 ft 11 15/16 in
Empty weight102,515 lbs101,413 lbs100,972 lbs
Service weight111,333 lbs110,231 lbs111,554 lbs
Adhesive weight87,082 lbs86,421 lbs88,626 lbs
Total weight182,543 lbs181,440 lbs182,763 lbs
Water capacity3,170 us gal
Fuel capacity14,110 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed27 mph21 mph27 mph
Starting effort17,526 lbf22,867 lbf17,526 lbf
with start valve21,031 lbf21,031 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter55.1 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typecompoundsimplecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 18 7/8 x 26 in
and LP: 29 1/8 x 26 in
two, 18 1/8 x 26 intwo, HP: 18 7/8 x 26 in
and LP: 29 1/8 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area23.7 sq ft
Firebox area102.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,490.8 sq ft1,461.7 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,593.1 sq ft1,564 sq ft
Total heating area1,593.1 sq ft1,564 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway series IX (191)
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 191
Austria-Hungary | 1888 | 2 produced
No. 907 “Alexanderfeld”
No. 907 “Alexanderfeld”
General
Built1888
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config0-6-4T 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length33 ft 0 7/8 in
Wheelbase21 ft 3 7/8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight63,934 lbs
Adhesive weight52,029 lbs
Water capacity1,453 us gal
Fuel capacity3,307 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power335 hp (250 kW)
Optimal speed15 mph
Starting effort14,436 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter39.4 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 14 9/16 x 18 1/8 in
Boiler
Grate area14.6 sq ft
Firebox area61.4 sq ft
Tube heating area697.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area758.9 sq ft
Total heating area758.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
passenger
tank locomotive
secondary line
last changed: 08 2023
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