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Swiss Standard Gauge Steam Locomotives[Inhalt]
Gotthard Railway A 3/5 No. 201-230
Switzerland | 1894 | 30 produced
No. 214 in the data sheet of the SLM
No. 214 in the data sheet of the SLM
SBB Historic

At the beginning of the 1890s, express trains were still transported on the Gotthard railway in two separate ways. In the lowlands from Lucerne to Erstfeld the trains were pulled by light tank locomotives and in the mountains freight locomotives took over. In order to accelerate these trains, new locomotives were needed that combined sufficient tractive power with a higher maximum speed, thus making locomotive changes and double heading superfluous. The requirements were to transport an express train of 140 tonnes alone on the mountain and 250 tonnes on the flat.

In order to enable sufficient tractive effort and, at the same time, good curve running, the locomotive was given three coupled axles and a leading bogie, which made it the first locomotive of this wheel arrangement in Switzerland. A driving wheel diameter of 1,610 mm represented a good compromise for the required performance. For smoother running, coil springs were used instead of leaf springs, which were later replaced with leaf springs.

The first prototype with the number 201 was built with a three-cylinder compound engine. In order to develop a higher tractive force on the mountain, the low-pressure cylinders could be operated permanently with live steam. In the 202, a four-cylinder compound engine according to De Glehn was used, which also worked with the compound effect on the mountain.

For the production of the 28 series machines, the arrangement with four cylinders was chosen because it ran more smoothly and was more economical on the mountain route. Compared to the 202, the cylinders were enlarged while the boiler pressure was increased from 14 to 15 bars. The high-pressure cylinders acted on the first and the low-pressure cylinders on the second coupled axle. A slightly smaller boiler was installed in the last six locomotives from number 225 onwards. These locomotives were later retrofitted with a superheater

The locomotives could pull a 320-tonne express train on the flat at 50 km/h. A load of 140 tonnes was initially planned for the ascent at 40 km/h, which was later reduced to 120 tonnes to reduce fuel consumption. Likewise, the tender was expanded from a water capacity of 14.4 to 17 cubic meters. When the Gotthard Railway was nationalized in 1909, the SBB gave the locomotives the numbers 901 to 930. After the line was electrified in 1920 and these locomotives were slower than later type A 3/5 locomotives, they were retired between 1923 and 1926.

Variant201202203-230
General
Built18941897-1905
ManufacturerSLM
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 6 1/2 in54 ft 9 7/8 in
Empty weight131,175 lbs134,482 lbs128,088 lbs
Service weight146,607 lbs149,914 lbs143,300 lbs
Adhesive weight101,413 lbs103,176 lbs
Total weight221,564 lbs224,871 lbs226,966 lbs
Axle load33,803 lbs34,392 lbs
Water capacity3,804 us gal4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort20,392 lbf17,013 lbf21,194 lbf
with start valve24,470 lbf20,416 lbf25,433 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63.4 in
Boiler pressure203 psi218 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersthree, HP: 17 5/16 x 23 5/8 in
and LP: 18 7/8 x 23 5/8 in
four, HP: 13 3/4 x 23 5/8 in
and LP: 20 7/8 x 23 5/8 in
four, HP: 14 9/16 x 23 5/8 in
and LP: 23 5/8 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area24.8 sq ft25.8 sq ft
Firebox area132.4 sq ft137.8 sq ft
Tube heating area1,486.5 sq ft1,539.2 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,618.9 sq ft1,677 sq ft
Total heating area1,618.9 sq ft1,677 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
De Glehn compound
last changed: 03/2023
Gotthard Railway A 3/5 No. 931 to 938
Switzerland | 1908 | 8 produced
No. 938 on the SLM data sheet
No. 938 on the SLM data sheet
SBB Historic

After the first type A 3/5 express locomotives, the Gotthardbahn had Maffei develop another variant of this type in 1908. Although it was primarily intended for use on the company's valley routes, it was also intended to pull lighter trains on the mountain routes and, like its predecessors, was therefore given relatively small wheels with a diameter of 1,610 mm. Maffei used the basic construction of the Bavarian P 3/5 as a basis.

Thus, the locomotives had a bar frame and a long, narrow firebox that lay between the wheels of the second and third coupled axle. The roof of the firebox sloped backwards so that it was always sufficiently covered with water when driving downhill on the 2.7 percent mountain route. To increase efficiency, a Crawford-Clench design steam dryer was used, which was replaced by the Schmidt smoke tube superheater from 1913 onwards.

The dimensions of the cylinders and parts of the valve gear corresponded to the type C 4/5 freight locomotive also supplied by Maffei in 1906 in order to reduce the number of spare parts to be kept on hand. All cylinders acted on the first coupled axle according to the Von Borries design. A piston valve was used on each side, which simultaneously controlled one high- and one low-pressure cylinder. While this arrangement was efficient, over time it resulted in damage to the valve gear.

Sectional drawing with dimensions
Sectional drawing with dimensions
Die Lokomotive, June 1909

Maffei delivered four vehicles, four more were delivered by SLM in Winterthur in the same year. On the valley lines, they could transport 350-tonne trains at one percent at 60 km/h, and at 2.7 percent on the mountain route, it was still 150 tonnes at 40 km/h. The Gotthard railway was nationalized as early as 1909, so that the locomotives were now operated by the SBB. After the Gotthard Railway was electrified, it was scrapped as early as 1925.

General
Built1908
ManufacturerMaffei, SLM
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 3 3/8 in
Length loco38 ft 4 1/4 in
Wheelbase28 ft 3 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 9 9/16 in
Empty weight155,205 lbs
Service weight175,929 lbs
Adhesive weight109,129 lbs
Total weight259,660 lbs
Axle load36,376 lbs
Water capacity4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,637 hp (1,221 kW)
Optimal speed41 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort25,640 lbf
with start valve30,768 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63.4 in
Boiler pressure218 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 15 9/16 x 25 3/16 in
and LP: 25 x 25 3/16 in
Boiler
Grate area36 sq ft
Firebox area165.8 sq ft
Tube heating area1,864.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,030.1 sq ft
Superheater area547.2 sq ft
Total heating area2,577.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
Von Borries compound
last changed: 06/2022
Gotthard Railway Ec 3/4
originally C I, meanwhile B 3
Switzerland | 1882 | 12 produced
No. 185, former No. 85 from the first series from Esslingen
No. 185, former No. 85 from the first series from Esslingen
archive Arthur Meyer
Schematic drawing of Nos. 89 to 92 from the SLM
Schematic drawing of Nos. 89 to 92 from the SLM
SLM

When the 2-6-0 wheel arrangement was not yet widespread in Europe, the Gotthard Railway had eight tank locomotives with this wheel arrangement built in Esslingen. They were to be used to pull passenger and express trains on the mountain route and also to pull freight trains in the lowlands. Four more followed in 1883 from the SLM. These differed from the first eight by the coal bunker, which was behind the cab. Upon the nationalization in 1909, all came to the SBB. They were retired between 1914 and 1933.

Variant81-8889-92
General
Built18821883
ManufacturerEsslingenSLM
Axle config2-6-0T (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length33 ft 10 7/8 in
Wheelbase19 ft 8 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 1 7/8 in
Empty weight101,853 lbs105,822 lbs
Service weight133,380 lbs138,009 lbs
Adhesive weight106,263 lbs110,231 lbs
Axle load33,290 lbs34,613 lbs
Water capacity1,849 us gal1,955 us gal
Fuel capacity5,512 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power493 hp (368 kW)
Optimal speed21 mph
Top speed40 mph
Starting effort14,934 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter52.4 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 14 15/16 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area19.4 sq ft
Firebox area93.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,459.6 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,553.2 sq ft
Total heating area1,553.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
tank locomotive
last changed: 06/2023
Gotthard Railway Ed 2x3/3
Switzerland | 1890 | only one produced

The challenges for locomotives on the Gotthard railway were not only the incline of 2.7 percent, but also the spiral tunnels with a radius of 300 meters. This required a high tractive force and at the same time made the adhesion conditions more difficult. In order to be able to dispense with the previously necessary one or two auxiliary locomotives per train, eight-coupled locomotives or those with articulated chassis should be procured. In 1890 Maffei in Munich delivered locomotive number 151 to test the Mallet design.

The tank locomotive had six coupled axles and no carrying axles and was therefore given the type designation Ed 2x3/3. All cylinders acted on the respective third coupled axle. Due to the short distance between the wheels, only the first and last axle of each running gear group could be braked from the outside, otherwise there would have been no space for the brake pads between the wheels. Since enough space had to be planned for the water tanks on the sides of the boiler, the boiler turned out to be relatively small for a locomotive with a service weight of 87 tonnes.

Since a high steaming capacity was required for the long, continuous incline, the Ed 2x3/3 quickly reached its limits. Although the engine offered sufficient traction and was able to convert a lot of power, the boiler was too small in comparison. Calling up full power for a short time was also difficult because the maximum coupler force could be exceeded. Thus the maximum train weight of the Ed 2x3/3 on the Gotthard railway was only 200 tonnes, while the existing D 4/4 could pull 175 tonnes. The Mallet thus remained a one-off while further, reinforced batches of the D 4/4 were purchased.

General
Built1890
ManufacturerMaffei
Axle config0-6-6-0T (Erie (Mallet)) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length45 ft 2 3/8 in
Wheelbase26 ft 8 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight153,001 lbs
Service weight192,243 lbs
Adhesive weight192,243 lbs
Axle load31,967 lbs
Water capacity1,849 us gal
Fuel capacity9,480 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power671 hp (500 kW)
Optimal speed17 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort25,868 lbf
with start valve31,042 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter48.4 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 15 3/4 x 25 3/16 in
and LP: 22 13/16 x 25 3/16 in
Boiler
Grate area24.8 sq ft
Firebox area100.1 sq ft
Tube heating area1,560.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,660.9 sq ft
Total heating area1,660.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
Mallet
tank locomotive
Anton Hammel
last changed: 07/2022
Jura-Simplon and Swiss Federal Railways B 3/4
Switzerland | 1896 | 216 produced
No. 1310 in the SLM type sheet
No. 1310 in the SLM type sheet
SBB Historic
VariantJS 301-375SBB 1676-1747SBB 1301-1369
General
Built1896-19021902-19071905-1926
ManufacturerSLM
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 3 3/16 in
Wheelbase20 ft 8 7/16 in20 ft 11 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 9 9/16 in
Total wheelbase40 ft 6 5/8 in41 ft 9 3/8 in
Empty weight109,129 lbs111,113 lbs111,333 lbs
Service weight120,813 lbs124,341 lbs124,120 lbs
Adhesive weight98,106 lbs98,767 lbs99,428 lbs
Total weight184,747 lbs198,857 lbs198,636 lbs
Axle load32,739 lbs32,959 lbs33,180 lbs
Water capacity3,091 us gal4,227 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power968 hp (722 kW)
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed17 mph21 mph
Top speed47 mph
Starting effort27,725 lbf29,026 lbf
with start valve33,270 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter59.8 in
Boiler pressure203 psi174 psi
Expansion typecompoundsimple
Cylindersthree, HP: 19 11/16 x 23 5/8 in
and LP: 21 1/4 x 23 5/8 in
two, 21 1/4 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area24.8 sq ft
Firebox area132.4 sq ft
Tube heating area1,250.8 sq ft1,072.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,383.2 sq ft1,204.5 sq ft
Superheater area307.8 sq ft
Total heating area1,383.2 sq ft1,512.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
De Glehn compound
last changed: 08 2023
North-East Railway A 2/4 (Winterthur)
Switzerland | 1898 | 50 produced
No. 190 in the SLM type sheet
No. 190 in the SLM type sheet
SBB Historic
Variant1898 variant1903 variant
General
Built1898-1096
ManufacturerSLM
Axle config4-4-0 (American) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length51 ft 10 13/16 in
Wheelbase23 ft 7 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 6 3/8 in
Empty weight60,186 lbs64,375 lbs
Adhesive weight69,886 lbs74,516 lbs
Total weight179,236 lbs186,290 lbs
Water capacity3,170 us gal3,646 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed36 mph
Starting effort13,002 lbf
with start valve15,602 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter72 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 18 1/8 x 26 in
and LP: 26 3/4 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area23.7 sq ft
Firebox area113 sq ft
Tube heating area1,384.2 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,497.3 sq ft
Total heating area1,497.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 09 2023
North-East Railway D 2/2
Switzerland | 1861 | 6 produced
No. 36 “Reppisch” in Zurich main station
No. 36 “Reppisch” in Zurich main station
General
Built1861, 1863
ManufacturerEscher Wyss, Esslingen
Axle config0-4-6T (Engerth) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length41 ft 10 3/4 in
Wheelbase26 ft 6 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 0 1/16 in
Empty weight80,469 lbs
Service weight114,640 lbs
Adhesive weight57,320 lbs
Axle load28,660 lbs
Water capacity2,457 us gal
Fuel capacity5,512 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power349 hp (260 kW)
Optimal speed13 mph
Top speed25 mph
Starting effort17,771 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.9 in
Boiler pressure145 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 x 27 in
Boiler
Grate area15.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,143.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,143.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
tank locomotive
supporting tender
Beugniot
last changed: 10 2023
North-East Railway D 3/3
Hungarian State Railways class 334
Switzerland | 1891 | 40 produced
No. 3416 in the year 1903 in Zürich
No. 3416 in the year 1903 in Zürich
Eduard C. Saluz et al., „Historische Fotos aus der Welt der Eisenbahn”

These freight locomotives were built according to the Longboiler or “Bourbonnais” design, i.e. as a six-coupled with large overhangs both at the front and rear. A first series of 16 locomotives was built between 1891 and 1895 and a second of 24 locomotives from 1897 to 1902. The locomotives of the second series had compound engines and the last machines were delivered directly to the SBB. After the First World War, eight came to MÁV. The SBB parted with the last machines by the end of the 1920s.

Variant1891 variant1897 variantt
General
Built1891-18951897-1902
ManufacturerSLM
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length46 ft 1 1/8 in
Adhesive weight93,696 lbs95,901 lbs
Total weight149,253 lbs153,001 lbs
Axle load31,306 lbs31,967 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power570 hp (425 kW)
Optimal speed14 mph20 mph
Top speed34 mph
Starting effort25,483 lbf17,990 lbf
with start valve21,588 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter52.4 in
Boiler pressure160 psi174 psi
Expansion typesimplecompound
Cylinderstwo, 18 7/8 x 27 9/16 intwo, HP: 18 7/8 x 27 9/16 in
and LP: 25 9/16 x 27 9/16 in
Boiler
Grate area18.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,418.7 sq ft1,217.4 sq ft
Total heating area1,418.7 sq ft1,217.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 03/2023
North-East Railway E 2/2
Switzerland | 1865 | 32 produced
No. 438 in the year 1902
No. 438 in the year 1902
Eduard C. Saluz & al., „Historische Fotos aus der Welt der Eisenbahn”

The Nordostbahn grouped together a total of 32 two-axle tank locomotives under the name E 2/2. They were built between 1865 and 1876 and differed significantly in some respects. The first four locomotives were developed by machine master Krauss and built in the NOB's own workshops. A significantly heavier variant was also built four times under Maey. A ninth machine was created from the rebuild of a D 1/3, which was not officially designated as E 2/2. Finally, the SLM and the Maschinenfabrik Esslingen delivered a further 24 locomotives, which were again heavier and based on the C 2/2.

The E 2/2 was not only used in shunting service, but also on branch lines in passenger and freight service. The first four were scrapped in 1882. All others received a new boiler between 1884 and 1906. The machines that remained in 1916 were sold to the Army Administration of Austria-Hungary in 1906 and from there came to the FS and MÁV.

VariantKrauss variantMaey variantEsslingen, SLM variant
General
Built186518681873-1876
ManufacturerNOBEsslingen, SLM
Axle config0-4-0WT (Four-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length21 ft 6 11/16 in24 ft 2 3/16 in25 ft 0 in
Wheelbase6 ft 10 11/16 in8 ft 2 7/16 in8 ft 10 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 10 11/16 in8 ft 2 7/16 in8 ft 10 5/16 in
Service weight37,258 lbs50,706 lbs56,438 lbs
Adhesive weight37,258 lbs50,706 lbs56,438 lbs
Water capacity396 us gal660 us gal634 us gal
Fuel capacity1,764 lbs (coal)2,205 lbs (coal)2,425 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power101 hp (75 kW)
Estimated power235 hp (175 kW)228 hp (170 kW)
Optimal speed12 mph16 mph
Top speed28 mph34 mph
Starting effort5,370 lbf9,288 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter48 in54.7 in
Boiler pressure145 psi160 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 9 15/16 x 21 1/4 intwo, 12 5/8 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area5.4 sq ft11.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area414.4 sq ft738.4 sq ft728.7 sq ft
Total heating area414.4 sq ft738.4 sq ft728.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
passenger
switcher
secondary line
last changed: 09/2023
Rigi Railway H 1/2
Switzerland | 1870 | 12 produced
No. 12 in the SLM type sheet
No. 12 in the SLM type sheet
SBB Historic

When the Rigi Railway opened on May 21, 1871, it was the first rack railway in Europe. It first led from Vitznau on Lake Lucerne at an altitude of 439 m (1,440 ft) to the Rigi Staffelhöhe at 1,550 m (5,085 ft). Only two years later, after negotiations with the canton of Schwyz, could the route be extended to Rigi Kulm at an altitude of 1,752 m (5,748 ft). On this line, which has a gradient of up to 25 percent, the Riggenbach system is used, in which a single gear wheel engages the central rack from above.

The first ten locomotives were delivered between 1870 and 1873 by the workshops of the Swiss Central Railway in Olten and SLM. The four examples of the SLM were the first locomotives ever to be manufactured by this company. All locomotives were characterized by the fact that all equipment was inclined by twelve percent in order to enable easy water management in the boiler and convenient operation on the sections with different steepness.

No. 9 in the original version with vertical boiler
No. 9 in the original version with vertical boiler
Giorgio Sommer

In the beginning they had a vertical boiler, but this did not prove itself and was later exchanged for a horizontal one. The gear wheel was on the valley-side axle and was driven via a reduction gear. The cylinders were directly behind the axle on the mountain side. A centrifugal governor, which actuated the brake when the rotational speed was too high, protected the locomotive from excessively high speeds when going downhill. At the uphill end was an open baggage platform. One large or two small trailers could be taken along to transport people.

In 1899 and 1902, SLM delivered two heavier locomotives with horizontal boilers and a boiler pressure of twelve bars. These had a separate drive shaft, which was in the center of gravity of the locomotive and led to the relocation of the cylinders in front of the axle on the mountain side. They could now push a large and a small trailer at the same time.

Between 1911 and 1929 four of the locomotives were fitted with a superheater. The two older ones received a new boiler, larger cylinders and new piston valves. In the meantime number 14 appeared as H 1/2, which had come from the Arth-Rigi railway. Between 1913 and 1925 the three H 2/3 were put into service and the H 1/2 were soon used less often. With the electrification in 1937, all steam locomotives were retired. At this point, number 7 received the original vertical boiler again and has been operational again since 1996.

Variant1-101-10 rebuilt11-12
General
Built1870-19731899, 1902
ManufacturerSCB Olten, SLMSLM
Axle config2-0-2RT (Riggenbach)
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length20 ft 11 in20 ft 11 15/16 in21 ft 3 7/8 in
Wheelbase9 ft 10 1/8 in9 ft 6 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 10 1/8 in9 ft 6 3/16 in
Empty weight22,046 lbs30,424 lbs34,833 lbs
Service weight27,558 lbs38,801 lbs42,770 lbs
Adhesive weight0 lbs
Water capacity423 us gal476 us gal
Fuel capacity1,102 lbs (coal)1,323 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power161 hp (120 kW)174 hp (130 kW)215 hp (160 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler pressure145 psi174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 10 5/8 x 15 3/4 intwo, 11 7/16 x 17 11/16 in
Boiler
Evaporative heating area425.2 sq ft457.5 sq ft497.3 sq ft
Superheater area100.1 sq ft
Total heating area425.2 sq ft457.5 sq ft597.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
cog railway
secondary line
last changed: 01/2023
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