The reference for locomotives and railcars


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Steam Locomotives of the Western Maryland (WM)[Inhalt]
Western Maryland class H-4
United States | 1901 | 16 produced
H-4a No. 409 in April 1939 in Hagerstown, Maryland
H-4a No. 409 in April 1939 in Hagerstown, Maryland
James Bowie / collection Taylor Rush

The H-4 class includes a total of 16 Consolidations built by Baldwin, divided into ten of the actual class H-4 from 1901 and six H-4a of 1903. Some sources state that like the H-4b, these were originally built for the West Virginia Central & Pittsburgh and only came to Western Maryland in 1905.

While most of the locomotives were retired between 1927 and 1931, the 401 and 409 came to the Chesapeake Beach Railway. The 409 rejoined the Western Maryland in 1935. Four units were sold to the Vang Construction Company. The 406 and 416 survived to 1941 and 1946, respectively.

Built1901, 1903
Axle config2-8-0 (Consolidation) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase23 ft 8 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 4 in
Total wheelbase52 ft 9 in
Service weight159,000 lbs
Adhesive weight141,500 lbs
Total weight273,400 lbs
Axle load35,900 lbs
Water capacity8,000 us gal
Fuel capacity24,000 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power950 hp (708 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort37,026 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter56 in
Boiler pressure180 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 22 x 28 in
Grate area35.6 sq ft
Firebox area191 sq ft
Tube heating area2,094 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,285 sq ft
Total heating area2,285 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
last changed: 07/2023
Western Maryland No. 6 (Shay C-150-3)
United States | 1945 | only one produced
In May 1950 in Knobmount, West Virginia
In May 1950 in Knobmount, West Virginia
collection Taylor Rush

The heaviest Shays belonged to class C and had three two-axle bogies with a service weight of 160 short tons. Likewise, the class D with four bogies up to 150 short tons was offered, which could score with slightly lower power figures with larger reserves and a higher adhesive weight. A common model with three bogies in the 150 ton weight class is presented here. In terms of the number of cylinders, it did not differ from the smallest B-class models, but the cylinders were significantly larger with a diameter of 17 inches and a piston stroke of 18 inches.

No. 6 in front of a freight train
No. 6 in front of a freight train

The Western Maryland Railway already had one C-70-3 and one D-150-4 type and procured another C-150-3 in 1945. The special thing about this locomotive is that it was the last of about 2,770 Shays built. After the Western Maryland introduced diesel locomotives on main lines beginning in 1949, the number 6 was retired in September 1950 after only five years of service. In 1953 it came to the Baltimore & Ohio Transportation Museum and from there it has been on loan to the state of West Virginia since 1980 for use on the Cass Scenic Railroad. It is considered the largest operational Shay today.

Axle config0-4-4-4-0T (Shay) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Empty weight269,960 lbs
Service weight308,000 lbs
Water capacity6,000 us gal
Fuel capacity18,000 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Top speed23 mph
Starting effort59,742 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter48 in
Boiler pressure200 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylindersthree, 17 x 18 in
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
geared steam locomotive
last changed: 04/2022

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