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Japanese Steam Locomotives[Inhalt]
Nippon Tetsudō Bbt2/5
Japanese Government Railways class 6600
Japan | 1897 | 24 produced
Railway and Locomotive Engineering, January 1901

Baldwin delivered 24 Atlantic locomotives to the Nippon Tetsudo in 1897, which were to remain the only Japanese engines with this wheel arrangement. In terms of design, it was a typical American Atlantic, but it had been reduced in size for the Cape gauge of 3 ft 6 in and the significantly smaller loading gauge. Thanks to the trailing axle and the space-saving bar frame, it was possible to arrange the firebox completely behind the coupled axles and to make it very wide, which was otherwise difficult with steam locomotives with a smaller gauge. Also typically American were the large driver's cab and the high-mounted running boards. Due to the inside Stephenson valve gear of American design, the locomotives looked very tidy, since only the connecting and coupling rods could be seen from the outside.

In the initially private railway they were designated as Bbt2/5 with the operating numbers 506 to 529 and were used on today's Joban line on the east coast. The available coal was not of high quality, but thanks to the large grate area, the boiler could still produce a lot of steam. After nationalization in 1906, the locomotives were given the numbers 6600 to 6623 by the JNR. Since only two of the five axles on Atlantic locomotives were powered, they were soon replaced by newer superheated steam locomotives with greater adhesive weight. All 24 machines were quickly scrapped in April and May 1925.

General
Built1897
ManufacturerBaldwin
Axle config4-4-2 (Atlantic) 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 5 1/2 in
Wheelbase22 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft
Total wheelbase45 ft 11 1/2 in
Service weight100,980 lbs
Adhesive weight52,000 lbs
Total weight160,980 lbs
Axle load30,464 lbs
Water capacity3,000 us gal
Fuel capacity12,000 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power800 hp (597 kW)
Optimal speed33 mph
Starting effort15,387 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter56 in
Boiler pressure180 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 x 22 in
Boiler
Grate area30 sq ft
Firebox area98.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,461.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,560 sq ft
Total heating area1,560 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 03/2022
Japanese Government Railways class 4110
Taiwanese State Railway class EK900
Japan | 1914 | 39 produced
Bibai Railway No. 2 in August 2005 in Tomei
Bibai Railway No. 2 in August 2005 in Tomei
Alt_winmaerik

In 1912, the Japanese state railways received four class 4100 tank locomotives from Maffei in Germany. Two years later, Kawasaki had more locomotives made that were more or less copies. Differences lay in a larger grate but smaller firebox heating surface. After 30 locomotives were built, the boiler got an additional flue with an additional superheater element.

In Japan, the locomotives were only used until 1950. Five were taken to Korea in 1939, where they later remained in service as part of the North Korean Railways until 1976. Some locomotives also came to Taiwan, these were scrapped by 1980.

Variant4110-41394140-4148
General
Built19141917
ManufacturerKawasaki
Axle config0-10-0T (Ten-coupled) 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length37 ft 9 1/16 in
Wheelbase18 ft 11 15/16 in
Service weight143,896 lbs
Adhesive weight143,896 lbs
Axle load28,770 lbs
Water capacity1,717 us gal
Fuel capacity3,924 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power878 hp (655 kW)
Optimal speed17 mph
Top speed34 mph
Starting effort32,972 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49 in
Boiler pressure180 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 21 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area24 sq ft
Firebox area96 sq ft
Tube heating area1,063.5 sq ft1,936.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,159.5 sq ft2,032.3 sq ft
Superheater area344 sq ft360.4 sq ft
Total heating area1,503.5 sq ft2,392.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
switcher
last changed: 07/2023
Japanese Government Railways class 9600
North China Transportation Co. Soriko class, China Railway classes KD5 and KD55 and Taiwanese State Railway class DT500
Japan | 1913 | 770 produced
59614 in August 2007 on the factory railway at Otaru Wine Factory, Hokkaido
59614 in August 2007 on the factory railway at Otaru Wine Factory, Hokkaido
100yen
General
Built1913-1925
ManufacturerKawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Kokura
Axle config2-8-0 (Consolidation) 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length54 ft 4 1/16 in
Wheelbase7010
Fixed wheelbase4570
Total wheelbase14160
Service weight131,880 lbs
Adhesive weight116,095 lbs
Total weight206,396 lbs
Axle load29,013 lbs
Water capacity13,000 us gal
Fuel capacity6,000 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power858 hp (640 kW)
Optimal speed18 mph
Top speed40 mph
Starting effort29,976 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49 in
Boiler pressure180 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area25 sq ft
Firebox area108 sq ft
Tube heating area1,306 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,414 sq ft
Superheater area347 sq ft
Total heating area1,761 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Japanese National Railways classes C59 and C60
Japan | 1941 | 47 produced
C60 1 on display at Sendai
C60 1 on display at Sendai
Yoshihide Fujitani
VariantC59 pre-war typeC60 pre-war typeC59 post-war typeC60 post-war type
General
Built1941-19471953-19611941-19471953-1961
ManufacturerKisha Seizō, Kawasaki, HitachiKoriyama, HamamatsuKisha Seizō, Kawasaki, HitachiKoriyama, Hamamatsu
Axle config4-6-2 (Pacific) 4-6-4 (Hudson) 4-6-2 (Pacific) 4-6-4 (Hudson) 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length70 ft 0 15/16 in70 ft 9 7/16 in
Wheelbase32 ft 10 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 5 5/8 in
Total wheelbase61 ft 5 3/8 in
Service weight176,921 lbs182,763 lbs175,818 lbs179,875 lbs
Adhesive weight106,924 lbs98,679 lbs106,042 lbs97,246 lbs
Total weight302,364 lbs308,250 lbs296,808 lbs300,864 lbs
Axle load35,649 lbs33,069 lbs35,362 lbs32,628 lbs
Water capacity6,604 us gal
Fuel capacity22,046 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,408 hp (1,050 kW)1,475 hp (1,100 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph31 mph
Starting effort30,592 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter68.9 in
Boiler pressure228 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 1/2 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area35.2 sq ft
Firebox area136.7 sq ft157.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,677 sq ft1,297.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,813.7 sq ft1,454.2 sq ft
Superheater area765.3 sq ft870.8 sq ft
Total heating area2,579 sq ft2,325 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 08 2023
Japanese National Railways class D60
Japan | 1951 | 78 produced
D60 1 on display at the Yamaguchi Museum
D60 1 on display at the Yamaguchi Museum
663highland

In order to reduce the axle load of the trailing axle of the D50 class with a 2-8-2 wheel arrangement, a two-axle bogie was installed in its place from 1951. Along with other modifications, the D60 class was created. The D51 class was converted into the D61 class and the D52 class into the D62 class in the same way. In addition, the cylinder diameter had been reduced from 570 to 550 mm to reduce the tendency to slip. The locomotives were retired between 1966 and 1974. Four have survived to this day.

General
Built1951-1956
ManufacturerHamamatsu
Axle config2-8-4 (Berkshire) 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length65 ft 8 9/16 in
Wheelbase33 ft 7 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 5 7/16 in
Total wheelbase56 ft 7 15/16 in
Service weight179,809 lbs
Adhesive weight120,549 lbs
Total weight287,835 lbs
Axle load30,137 lbs
Water capacity4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity26,455 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,408 hp (1,050 kW)
Optimal speed26 mph
Top speed43 mph
Starting effort34,873 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter55.1 in
Boiler pressure186 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 21 5/8 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area35 sq ft
Firebox area163.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,312.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,475.7 sq ft
Superheater area809.4 sq ft
Total heating area2,285.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 03/2023
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