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Chinese Steam Locomotives[Inhalt]
Shanghai-Nanjing Railway class D
China | 1910 | 4 produced
Locomotive Magazine, August 1910

After the Class C with a 4-4-0 wheel arrangement and 6 ft 7 in wheels, the Shanghai-Nanjing Railway ordered four more locomotives that were to have even larger wheels. Using a boiler that was largely the same as that of existing classes of the company, one driving axle now had to be sufficient. Despite this, the boiler was the largest ever to be found on a British-made single-driver locomotive.

The engines were intended for express traffic as part of a large trade fair in Nanjing and should be up and running within 45 days of receipt of the order. Despite the national mourning for the death of King Edward and the Pentecost holidays, the time had come after 47 days. Their special position was underlined by the fact that they were painted in a bright yellow instead of the usual green.

General
Built1910
ManufacturerKerr, Stuart & Co.
Axle config4-2-2 (Single) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 3 3/4 in
Wheelbase25 ft 2 in
Total wheelbase48 ft 9 in
Service weight125,552 lbs
Total weight221,088 lbs
Water capacity4,203 us gal
Fuel capacity15,680 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,000 hp (746 kW)
Optimal speed42 mph
Starting effort15,344 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter84 in
Boiler pressure180 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area28 sq ft
Firebox area182.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,467.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,650 sq ft
Total heating area1,650 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 08/2022
China Railway class QJ
China | 1956 | 4,717 produced
QJ 7105 on the JiTong railway
QJ 7105 on the JiTong railway
Sammy King

Between 1956 and 1960, various factories in China manufactured a total of 42 prototypes of a new 2-10-2 freight locomotive, which was based on the Soviet ОР21. From 1964 onwards, series production of a total of 4,675 additional machines, which were soon referred to as QJ, began in Datong. The abbreviation here stood for “Qianjin”, which means “progress”.

They replaced the JF and FD in heavy freight service and also pulled heavy passenger trains. In addition to the stoker and mostly smoke deflectors, their features also included the distinctive air horn. Some QJs were also built in Soviet broad gauge. A chimney similar to the Giesl ejector was tested on other machines.

Although production continued until 1988, replacement with diesel locomotives began in the eighties. After steam operations on the Chinese State Railways officially ended in 2002, the last of them disappeared from the main lines in 2003. However, the private JiTong Railway used the QJ to transport coal on its 945 km long line in Inner Mongolia until 2005 and it was also used by industrial companies until around 2010. Three QJs later found their way to the USA.

Variantfour-axle tendersix-axle tender
General
Built1956-1988
ManufacturerDatong
Axle config2-10-2 (Santa Fé) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length85 ft 4 in95 ft 10 in
Length loco52 ft 11 7/16 in
Wheelbase50 ft 5 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase20 ft 11 15/16 in
Total wheelbase86 ft 1 7/8 in
Service weight293,876 lbs
Adhesive weight233,690 lbs
Total weight485,016 lbs557,769 lbs
Axle load46,738 lbs
Water capacity10,435 us gal13,209 us gal
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power2,940 hp (2,192 kW)
Optimal speed30 mph
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort63,296 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter59.1 in
Boiler pressure213 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 25 9/16 x 31 1/2 in
Boiler
Grate area73.2 sq ft
Firebox area349.8 sq ft
Tube heating area2,398.2 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,748 sq ft
Superheater area1,551.1 sq ft
Total heating area4,299.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2024
China Railway class JS
China | 1957 | 1,916 produced
JS 8167 in action at the Sandaoling coal mine in December 2017
JS 8167 in action at the Sandaoling coal mine in December 2017
Georg Trüb / https://railpictures.net/photo/641941

A few years after the revolution, China Railway developed a Mikado that would be built in large numbers. The chassis of the JF1 class, which had been built since 1918, was used as the basis. It received a modern boiler and was also adapted to current requirements in other areas. The new class was called JS or “Jiàn Shè”, which roughly means “construction”.

With a coupling wheel diameter of only 1,370 mm, a high level of traction could be achieved. As is usual for China, the tender was chosen to be large with a coal supply of 17 tonnes. The design came from Dalian, but the production was subcontracted to several plants.

The first 1,135 units were built between 1957 and 1965. Another production only started in 1981, which included almost 800 more locomotives until 1988. More than half of them belonged to a “B” variant, which received some improvements. A special feature was a locomotive that was sold new in 1989 to the Boone and Scenic Valley Railroad in Iowa.

General
Built1957-1965, 1981-1988
ManufacturerDalian, Qishuyan, Datong, Beijing
Axle config2-8-2 (Mikado) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase33 ft 5 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 6 in
Total wheelbase67 ft 2 11/16 in
Empty weight201,282 lbs
Service weight229,942 lbs
Adhesive weight175,885 lbs
Total weight415,130 lbs
Axle load44,092 lbs
Water capacity9,246 us gal
Fuel capacity37,479 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power2,266 hp (1,690 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Top speed53 mph
Starting effort49,983 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.9 in
Boiler pressure218 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 22 13/16 x 27 15/16 in
Boiler
Grate area55 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,944.7 sq ft
Superheater area959.4 sq ft
Total heating area2,904.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 03/2023
China Railway class SY
China | 1960 | 1,820 produced
SY 1770 in February 2014 in front of one of the last regular steam hauled passenger trains
SY 1770 in February 2014 in front of one of the last regular steam hauled passenger trains
John Peters

These Mikados were based on the JF6 and were developed for industrial tasks. With a construction period up to 1999, they were the last large series-built steam locomotives in the world. There are reports that some locomotives were still in use in 2016 in open-pit mines or in heavy industry companies. Accordingly, an extraordinarily large number have survived to this day. Between 1989 and 1991 three US tourist railways ordered brand new locomotives of this type, one of which was lost at sea. One machine was also delivered to South Korea in 1994.

General
Built1960-1999
ManufacturerTangshan
Axle config2-8-2 (Mikado) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length70 ft 10 3/8 in
Wheelbase31 ft 3 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 5 5/8 in
Service weight194,007 lbs
Adhesive weight154,323 lbs
Total weight313,056 lbs
Axle load38,581 lbs
Water capacity6,604 us gal
Fuel capacity20,944 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,479 hp (1,103 kW)
Optimal speed25 mph
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort38,398 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.9 in
Boiler pressure200 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 7/8 x 27 15/16 in
Boiler
Grate area48.4 sq ft
Firebox area187.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,664.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,851.4 sq ft
Superheater area460.7 sq ft
Total heating area2,312.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Güterzug,Rangierlok
last changed: 03/2023
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