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French Railcars and Multiple Units[Inhalt]
Renault VH
France | 1933 | 100 produced
X 2211 in the Cité du Train in Mulhouse, Alsace
X 2211 in the Cité du Train in Mulhouse, Alsace
ignis
Variantweakest enginemost powerful engine
General
Built1933-1935
ManufacturerRenault
Axle configB-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats4770
Dimensions and Weights
Length69 ft 0 3/8 in
Empty weight60,407 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed62 mph
EngineRenault 12-A-130
Engine typeV12 diesel
Engine output217 hp (162 kW)296 hp (221 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
last changed: 10 2023
Bugatti railcar
France | 1933 | 88 produced
Tow-car variant
Tow-car variant

From 1926 Bugatti produced the Royale car model, which was a superlative with 300 hp, but could only be sold four times due to the global economic crisis. A new application was found for the engines that had already been produced by installing them in a new type of high-speed railcar. Bugatti called this vehicle “Wagon Rapide” or “WR” for short. The original design called “Présidentiel” was a streamlined railcar that was also used by the President. It stood on two four-axle bogies whose wheels were covered with rubber. In the middle were four engines that had been derated to 200 hp. The power transmission for each engine was carried out individually via a hydraulic transmission and a long cardan shaft to one axle each. The driver's cab was located directly above the engines in an elevated position so that the driver could see the track in both directions from his cupola.

In order to reduce the enormous fuel consumption, the WL (Wagon Léger) model was developed with only two engines and two powered axles per engine. There were also two- and three-car variants, in which the driver's cab and four engines were in one car. Since the three-car variant achieved a poorer power-to-weight ratio, a reduction gear for each engine was installed for starting. Because the assembled models had poorer visibility from the driver's cupola to the far end, an additional auxiliary cab was fitted at each end for maneuvering. Later the possibility was created to couple trailers. Some of these came from orders already placed for power cars that were modified before production. Since the two-engine variant did not have enough power to pull trailers, the “Allongé” (extended) variant with a length of 21 m instead of 19.30 m and later the “Surallongé”, which was now 25.38 m long, were created. This increased the number of seats from 44 to 52 to 73.

172 km/h were already reached during the first test drives. This was later improved to 196 km/h, while longer distances were scheduled to run at an average speed of 116 km/h. Customers included the État state railway, the Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée (PLM) and the Alsace-Lorraine (AL) railway administration. Nine Présidentiel, 39 two-engine, three two-car, seven three-car and five trailers were built. Since the vehicles had to be fueled with a mixture of petrol, benzene and alcohol and used a lot of it, the two- and three-car vehicles were phased out as early as 1952. Another cost factor were the drum brakes, which wore out very quickly. The 13 short two-engine vehicles were converted to trailers in 1945 and then used together with the other single-car vehicles. These were phased out by 1958 and today only the example of the Présidentiel, which was used by President Albert Lebrun, exists.

VariantWR PrésidentielWR doppeltWL AllongéWL Surallongé
General
Built1933-1937
ManufacturerBugatti
Axle config1B1-1B1 1B1-1B1+4-4 2B+B2 2-B+B-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats48835273
Dimensions and Weights
Length63 ft 3 13/16 in142 ft 10 15/16 in68 ft 10 3/4 in83 ft 3 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Service weight70,548 lbs139,112 lbs
Adhesive weight35,274 lbs39,463 lbs
Axle load10,582 lbs8,818 lbs
Power
Power sourcepetrol-hydraulic
Top speed107 mph75 mph
EngineBugatti
Engine type4x 8-cyl. petrol2x 8-cyl. petrol
Engine output789 hp (588 kW)394 hp (294 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
petrol railcar
express railcar
regional
long distance
rubber tires
last changed: 04/2022
Micheline
France | 1933
Micheline Typ 22
Micheline Typ 22
Varianttype 16types 20 to 22typ 23type 33
General
Built19331934-19371936
ManufacturerMichelin
Axle configC-3 D-4 4-D-4 4-D-D-4 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats365696108
Dimensions and Weights
Length50 ft 2 3/4 in56 ft 9 1/2 in99 ft 7 1/4 in148 ft 3 1/2 in
Empty weight16,094 lbs32,628 lbs
Power
Power sourcepetrol-mechanic
Top speed56 mph65 mph84 mph
EngineHispano-SuizaPanhardHispano-Suiza
Engine typeV12 petrol2x V12 petrol
Engine output217 hp (162 kW)247 hp (184 kW)662 hp (494 kW)493 hp (368 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
petrol railcar
long distance
regional
rubber tires
last changed: 10 2023
Paris City Railway Z 23000
France | 1937 | 150 produced
Four-car train in the 1980s at Paris-Laplace station
Four-car train in the 1980s at Paris-Laplace station
Smiley.toerist

With the electrification of the Ligne de Sceaux in the south of Paris, new electric railcars were ordered, which should combine good acceleration with a quick change of passengers. The vehicles were based on the Métro's Sprague-Thomson trains and had the railway's larger loading gauge. There were four doors per side and a driver's cab at one end. The basic unit consisted of two railcars, both of which were powered. Up to four of these units were combined into a train. They were later used by the RATP also on other routes and were retired between 1984 and 1987.

General
Built1937-1962
ManufacturerDecauville, CGC, Brissonneau et Lotz, CIMT
Axle configB-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats84
Dimensions and Weights
Length67 ft 10 15/16 in
Empty weight98,326 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power465 hp (347 kW)
Top speed50 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
suburban
last changed: 02/2023
French State Railway XAT 1000 “Autorail amphibie”
France | 1937 | 2 produced
Railcar on an old postcard
Railcar on an old postcard

Since the PO/Midi had some only partially electrified branch lines in the south of France, they developed a railcar that could run electrically via overhead lines and diesel-electrically. The two vehicles built by Alsthom had the pantograph above the powered bogie and a diesel engine with two generators above the other bogie. Heating was via a steam boiler.

The two vehicles were put into service by the SNCF as the XAT 1000 and were given the nickname “Autorail amphibie”. From Bordeaux they ran the first part east under overhead wire and continued to Bergerac or Périgueux using the diesel engine. During the Second World War, due to the lack of fuel, they ran almost exclusively on electric power, while after the war they ran almost exclusively on diesel-electric power. In 1952, even the electrical operation equipment was removed, while two smaller diesel engines of 209 kW each were installed. They continued to operate in this configuration until 1959.

General
Built1937-1939
ManufacturerAlsthom
Axle configB-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats68
Dimensions and Weights
Length84 ft 3 in
Empty weight121,254 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC + diesel-electric
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power408 hp (304 kW)
Top speed81 mph
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output493 hp (368 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
EMU
local
regional
dual power
last changed: 10/2023
French State Railway De Dietrich double railcar
France | 1939 | 15 produced
General
Built1939-1940
ManufacturerDe Dietrich
Axle config1A-2+2-A1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats138
Dimensions and Weights
Length160 ft 3 1/4 in
Wheelbase66 ft 6 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 5 7/16 in
Total wheelbase142 ft 9 in
Empty weight165,346 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed75 mph
EngineSaurer BZDS
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Engine output630 hp (470 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
regional
long distance
last changed: 10 2023
Alstom Coradia Duplex
French State Railway Z 24500 and Z 26500
France | 2004 | 233 produced
Two three-car Z 24500 in June 2020 at Chambéry
Two three-car Z 24500 in June 2020 at Chambéry
Florian Pépellin / CC-BY-SA 4.0
Variantthree-carfour-carfive-car
General
Built2004-2010
ManufacturerAlstom
Axle configB-2+2-B+2-B B-2+B-2+2-B+2-B B-2+B-2+2-B+2-B+2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats339450570
Dimensions and Weights
Length266 ft 0 15/16 in352 ft 8 5/16 in439 ft 3 5/8 in
Wheelbase65 ft 7 3/8 in
Empty weight418,878 lbs573,201 lbs683,432 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Continuous power3,420 hp (2,550 kW)4,559 hp (3,400 kW)5,699 hp (4,250 kW)
Top speed99 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
regional
twin deck
multi-system
Alstom Coradia
last changed: 10 2023
Alstom Coradia Polyvalent “Régiolis”
French State Railway B 83500, B 83600, B 84500, B 84800, B 85500, B 85900, Z 31500, Z 51500, Z 54500 and Z 54900
France | 2011 | more than 357 produced
Two four-car, purely electric Z 31500
Two four-car, purely electric Z 31500
Markus Eigenheer

With the Coradia Polyvalent, Alstom offers a multiple unit that is available purely electric or as a dual-powered train with diesel and electric drive. As is typical for the Coradia, the entire drive technology, including the diesel engines, is located on the roof. Various versions are available for use on suburban routes, in regional traffic and in intercity traffic. From the framework contract for 1,000 trains, the SNCF called off 387 units as “Régiolis” until 2020. 17 and 15 trains respectively were also sold to Algeria and Senegal. The trains are now being produced and further developed by CAF. In the future, the diesel engines will be replaced by batteries, and a fuel cell drive is also under development.

Variantelectric four-carelectric six-carbi-mode four-carbi-mode four-car
General
Builtsince 2011
ManufacturerAlstom
Axle configB-2-2-2-B B-2-2-2+B-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B B-2-2-2+B-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats220360220360
Dimensions and Weights
Length234 ft 10 7/8 in360 ft 10 11/16 in234 ft 10 7/8 in360 ft 10 11/16 in
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DCelectric - AC/DC + diesel-electric
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Continuous power2,280 hp (1,700 kW)3,487 hp (2,600 kW)2,280 hp (1,700 kW)3,487 hp (2,600 kW)
Top speed124 mph99 mph
EngineMAN D 2876LE
Engine type4x 6-cyl. diesel6x 6-Zyl. Diesel
Engine output1,824 hp (1,360 kW)2,736 hp (2,040 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
DMU
dual power
multi-system
local
regional
long distance
Alstom Coradia
last changed: 03/2023
French State Railway B 81500 and B 82500 (Autorail à grande capacité)
France | 2004 | 326 produced
B 81701 of the TER Poitou-Charentes in August 2018 in diesel operation near Chatelaillon
B 81701 of the TER Poitou-Charentes in August 2018 in diesel operation near Chatelaillon
Cramos

The SNCF's largest order to date were the “Autorail à grande capacité” multiple units. The goal was to replace the previously locomotive-hauled TER trains in regional traffic. They are offered for diesel and electric traction, with the B 81500 and B 82500 combining both types of power. They can run sections with overhead lines electrically with an output of 1,900 kW, while two diesel engines with a total of 1,324 kW are used for non-electrified sections. While the B 81500 is only designed for 1,500 volts direct current and consists of three or four cars, the three-car B 82500 can also be used under 25,000 volts alternating current. All variants have a powered bogie at each end and Jakobs bogies between the cars.

VariantB 81500 three-carB 81500 four-carB 82500
General
Built2004-20102004-2011
ManufacturerBombardier
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats168220
Dimensions and Weights
Length188 ft 3 13/16 in238 ft 10 1/8 in
Wheelbase62 ft 7 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Empty weight297,403 lbs359,794 lbs363,762 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC + diesel-electricelectric - AC/DC + diesel-electric
Electric system1,500 V25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Continuous power2,548 hp (1,900 kW)
Top speed99 mph
EngineMAN D2842 LE 606
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Fuel793 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,776 hp (1,324 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
DMU
dual power
multi-system
local
regional
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier AGC
last changed: 09/2023
French State Railway X 76500 (Autorail à grande capacité)
France | 2004 | 163 produced
X 76630 of the TER Hauts-de-France in May 2019 at Vecquemont
X 76630 of the TER Hauts-de-France in May 2019 at Vecquemont
BB 22385
Variantthree-carfour-car
General
Built2004-2010
ManufacturerBombardier
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats168220
Dimensions and Weights
Length188 ft 3 13/16 in238 ft 10 1/8 in
Wheelbase53 ft 9 11/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight293,876 lbs363,762 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed99 mph
EngineMAN D2842 LE 606
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Fuel793 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,776 hp (1,324 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier AGC
last changed: 10 2023
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