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German Reichsbahn E 91
German Federal Railway class 191
Germany | 1925 | 46 produced
191 099 as a museum locomotive with the original number E 91 99 in October 1987 near Füssen
191 099 as a museum locomotive with the original number E 91 99 in October 1987 near Füssen
Werner & Hansjörg Brutzer

The locomotives of the class E 91 were heavy freight locomotives for use in the mountains, which had been developed on the basis of the E 77 procured from 1924. In contrast, however, the E 91 featured six powered axles, higher power and lower speed for greater pulling power.

Like its predecessor, it was a locomotive with a three-part body, which was mounted on only two long bogies. Above each bogie were two motors, which gave their power to the coupled wheels via a common jackshaft. The structure of the bogies was similar to that of the E 77, but instead of the carrying axles there was a third coupled axle

The first pieces were delivered for the Bavarian and Silesian network with Bavarian or Prussian numbers. The Bavarian engines were first designated as EG 5 with the numbers 22 501 to 22 516 and the Prussian ones as EG 581 to 594. A short time later the former became the E 910 with the serial numbers 01 to 16 and the latter to the E 918 with serial numbers 81 to 94, although they were almost identical. The only recognizable difference was the gangway doors on the front sides of the EG 5. In 1927 further examples were added, which were delivered directly with road numbers E 91 17 to 20. With an hourly output of 2,200 kW, a top speed of only 55 km/h and the high adhesive weight, the engines were able to achieve very high tractive forces on inclines. At one percent, a 1,200-tonne freight train could be pulled at 35 km/h. If it was used in front of passenger trains, these could be pulled at 500 tonnes on the same gradients at 45 km/h.

In 1929, the Reichsbahn procured twelve more units that were supposed to be even better suited for steep sections. Particular attention was paid to the descents, as conventional brakes could easily become exhausted there with heavy trains. For this reason, an electric brake was installed, which had previously been tested on the E 95 02. Although they didn't increase power, they used the latest advances in technology to reduce weight. Despite the newly added braking system, the weight of the locomotives was reduced by over seven tonnes. They were delivered as E 919 with the serial numbers 95 to 105 and stationed in the Silesian network.

In the years that followed, the Reichsbahn left the former Bavarian machines in Bavaria, while the Prussian machines also came to other parts of the country, including the southwestern region. Some examples were retired by the end of the war, the remaining Silesian machines came to the Eastern Zone a few months after the end of the war. The latter fared like almost all electric locomotives in the east, they were taken to the Soviet Union and returned to the GDR in 1952/53 in poor condition. A planned preparation for the Rübelandbahn was abandoned, since isolated operation with the 25 kV/50 Hz power system was being set up there.

The Bundesbahn had received 23 of the original 46 engines and continued to use them in freight service on electrified mountain routes. Between 1957 and 1960 all locomotives of the slightly different types were modernized according to the same pattern. They were redesignated as class 191 in 1968, but decommissioning began the following year. This was completed by 1975 and today only 191 099 is in good condition. It is currently in the Augsburg railway park and used to run as a museum locomotive with some parts of the 191 100, which today is sitting only almost complete on the outside.

VariantE 910 and E 918E 919
General
Built1925-19291929
Manufacturermechanical part: Krauss, electrical part: WASSEGmechanical part: AEG, electrical part: WASSEG
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length54 ft 9 1/2 in56 ft 9 1/8 in
Wheelbase38 ft 7 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Service weight272,711 lbs256,618 lbs
Adhesive weight272,711 lbs256,618 lbs
Axle load45,636 lbs43,211 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz
Hourly power2,950 hp (2,200 kW)
Continuous power2,226 hp (1,660 kW)
Top speed34 mph
Starting effort66,094 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
rod drive
last changed: 02/2022
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