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French State Railway XAT 1000 “Autorail amphibie”
France | 1937 | 2 produced
Railcar on an old postcard
Railcar on an old postcard

Since the PO/Midi had some only partially electrified branch lines in the south of France, they developed a railcar that could run electrically via overhead lines and diesel-electrically. The two vehicles built by Alsthom had the pantograph above the powered bogie and a diesel engine with two generators above the other bogie. Heating was via a steam boiler.

The two vehicles were put into service by the SNCF as the XAT 1000 and were given the nickname “Autorail amphibie”. From Bordeaux they ran the first part east under overhead wire and continued to Bergerac or Périgueux using the diesel engine. During the Second World War, due to the lack of fuel, they ran almost exclusively on electric power, while after the war they ran almost exclusively on diesel-electric power. In 1952, even the electrical operation equipment was removed, while two smaller diesel engines of 209 kW each were installed. They continued to operate in this configuration until 1959.

General
Built1937-1939
ManufacturerAlsthom
Axle configB-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats68
Dimensions and Weights
Length84 ft 3 in
Empty weight121,254 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC + diesel-electric
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power408 hp (304 kW)
Top speed81 mph
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output493 hp (368 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
EMU
local
regional
dual power
last changed: 10/2023
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