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Wehrmacht Locomotive WR 220
German Reichsbahn V 22 and German Federal Railway class 270
Germany | 1936 | 44 produced

The Wehrmacht locomotive that stood out alongside its sisters with 200 and 360 hp was the WR 220. It was ordered by the Luftwaffe and, unlike the others, had mechanical power transmission. There was a two- and a three-axle variant, designated WR 220 B and WR 220 C, respectively. The two-axle had an wheelbase of 2.90 meters and the jackshaft was located between the axles. With the three-axle, the overall wheelbase was only five centimeters longer and the jackshaft was in the narrower space between the second and third axles. The wheel diameter was five centimeters smaller here, but whether this was only chosen to accommodate the third axle or for other reasons can only be guessed at. Compared to the WR 220, both were slightly shorter and had a larger cab.

After the war, the Bundesbahn took over nine two-axle and five three-axle vehicles, which were classified as V 22 according to their output. Since these locomotives differed from the V 20, which was available in large numbers, an adaptation was sought. This was implemented on all two-axle vehicles between 1951 and 1953 by installing a new engine and hydraulic transmission. In 1968, these were even given computer numbers with the class 270 and were used from then on for about ten years. One of the three-axle locomotives was converted to two axles. However, since this apparently did not deliver satisfactory results, the other three-axle vehicles were retired until 1951.

VariantWR 220 BWR 220 C
General
Built1936
ManufacturerDWK
Axle configB C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length25 ft 3 1/8 in
Wheelbase9 ft 6 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 6 3/16 in
Service weight66,139 lbs83,776 lbs
Adhesive weight66,139 lbs83,776 lbs
Axle load26,455 lbs35,274 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed25 mph
EngineDWK 6 M 241
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel79 us gal (diesel)
Engine output216 hp (161 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
war locomotive
last changed: 04/2022
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