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Steam Locomotives of the Südliche Staatsbahn (SstB) and Südbahn[Inhalt]
Austrian Southern Railway classes 17a to 17d
Austrian Federal Railways (BBÖ) classes 103, 403, 503 and 603, Czechoslovak State Railways classes 253.1, Yugoslav Railway class 103, Hungarian State Railways series 226 and Italian State Railway class 542
Austria-Hungary | 1882 | 98 produced
Class 17a No. 309
Class 17a No. 309
Die Lokomotive, October 1904

When the Südbahn made the decision to procure new express locomotives in 1881, the focus was basically on the class 16a “Rittinger” built in 1873. Since the train weights had increased from 70 to 80 tonnes before to around 150 tonnes and the use on gradients of up to 2.5 percent was required, the tractive effort had to be greater. To achieve this, the wheel diameter was reduced from 1,900 to 1,720 mm and the rear coupled axle was placed under the firebox to increase the adhesive weight. As with the 16a, an outer frame and Stephenson valve gear were used.

Class 17c No. 372 in October 1977 at the ÖBB open day
Class 17c No. 372 in October 1977 at the ÖBB open day
TARS631

The first ten engines were delivered in 1882 and designated as class 17a. The Kaschau-Oderberger Bahn (KsOd) also bought ten more between 1884 and 1891. They almost used the axle load of 13 tonnes that was now permitted. During the official approval runs they reached 115 to 120 km/h without a load and with the usual load of an express train they could easily maintain 80 km/h.

Class 17d
Class 17d
Die Lokomotive, November 1904

In 1884 and 1890, the Southern Railway procured a total of 14 examples of a reinforced variant, which was listed as the 17b. This was followed by another 60 examples of a similar variant, which had a boiler pressure increased by one bar and a slightly larger boiler. They made full use of the axle load of 14 tonnes that was now permitted. Together with two other locomotives built in 1885, they became the class 17c.

Schematic drawing of the 17c
Schematic drawing of the 17c
Die Lokomotive, July 1912

In view of the increasing train loads, a locomotive had already been built in 1888 that had larger coupling wheels and cylinders and a Belpaire firebox. Together with three other engines delivered in 1890, it was listed as class 17d.

After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, the remaining locomotives were distributed to the successor states. Apart from Austria, this affected the states of Hungary, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. The BBÖ no longer had any pieces of the class 17a, the rest were distributed over several classes. These were class 103 for the last two 17bs, 403 for the two 17cs built in 1885, 503 for the production version of the 17c and class 603 for the 17d. In Austria the engines disappeared in the 1930s, in Yugoslavia only in the 1950s.

Variant17a17b17c17d
General
Built18821884, 18901890-19011888, 1890
ManufacturerFloridsdorfFloridsdorf, Wiener Neustadt, MÁVAGFloridsdorf
Axle config4-4-0 (American) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco30 ft 1 1/4 in
Wheelbase18 ft 4 7/8 in20 ft 5 1/4 in20 ft 8 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 2 5/8 in7 ft 10 1/2 in
Empty weight82,673 lbs88,626 lbs93,388 lbs
Service weight91,359 lbs97,929 lbs104,631 lbs105,822 lbs
Adhesive weight55,865 lbs58,467 lbs61,729 lbs
Axle load27,933 lbs29,233 lbs30,865 lbs
Water capacity2,219 us gal3,698 us gal3,434 us gal
Fuel capacity14,330 lbs (coal)11,244 lbs (coal)12,566 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power493 hp (368 kW)602 hp (449 kW)671 hp (500 kW)
Optimal speed25 mph23 mph26 mph
Top speed50 mph56 mph
Starting effort12,643 lbf13,766 lbf14,963 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter67.7 in68.1 in71.7 in
Boiler pressure152 psi167 psi181 psi174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 3/4 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area21.6 sq ft26.9 sq ft25.1 sq ft28.3 sq ft
Firebox area87.2 sq ft98 sq ft92.2 sq ft106.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,156 sq ft1,162.5 sq ft1,323.5 sq ft1,405.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,243.2 sq ft1,260.5 sq ft1,415.8 sq ft1,512.3 sq ft
Total heating area1,243.2 sq ft1,260.5 sq ft1,415.8 sq ft1,512.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 07/2022
Austrian Southern Railway class 19 (old)
Austrian Federal Railways (BBÖ) class 371
Austria-Hungary | 1853 | 26 produced
No. 622
No. 622
General
Built1853-1854
ManufacturerCockerill, Esslingen
Axle config0-8-0 (Eight-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase11 ft 3 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 3 3/8 in
Empty weight87,744 lbs
Service weight99,428 lbs
Adhesive weight99,428 lbs
Axle load26,676 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power473 hp (353 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort19,121 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter42 in
Boiler pressure113 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 11/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area13.7 sq ft
Firebox area75.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,598.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,673.8 sq ft
Total heating area1,673.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Austrian Southern Railway class 32c
Austrian Federal Railways (BBÖ) class 58, Italian State Railway class 292 and Hungarian State Railways series 333
Austria-Hungary | 1884 | 73 produced
No. 1672
No. 1672
General
Built1884-1900
ManufacturerStEG, Wiener Neustadt, Floridsdorf, MÁVAG
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 11 7/16 in
Wheelbase10 ft 7 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 7 9/16 in
Total wheelbase33 ft 11 5/8 in
Service weight92,594 lbs
Adhesive weight92,594 lbs
Axle load30,865 lbs
Water capacity2,827 us gal
Fuel capacity12,787 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power476 hp (355 kW)
Optimal speed13 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort23,460 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49.6 in
Boiler pressure160 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 7/8 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area19.4 sq ft
Firebox area102.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,270.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,372.4 sq ft
Total heating area1,372.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Austrian Southern Railway class 35a
Italian State Railway class 452, Austrian Federal Railways (BBÖ) class 471 and Yugoslav Railway class 132
Austria-Hungary | 1871 | 55 produced
Die Lokomotive, July 1929

After the 0-8-0 wheel arrangement had established itself with the class 33 and 34 locomotives at the Semmering, the class 35a was created in 1871. Under the direction of Louis Adolf Gölsdorf, a new locomotive was created that, unlike its predecessors, had an inside frame and outside controls.

Since an axle load of 13 tonnes was now permitted, a significant increase in power was possible. With a length of 2,300 mm, the firebox achieved the best value for its time. Because it was completely behind the last axle and this could be moved sideways by 20 mm, there was a large overhanging mass. With a top speed of 35 km/h, however, this was of little consequence.

Sectional drawing with dimensions
Sectional drawing with dimensions
Die Lokomotive, July 1929

Production comprised 25 machines from Wiener Neustadt, 25 from the StEG workshops and five from Floridsdorf in 1871 and 1872. After the Upper Italian SFAI had loaned a locomotive for testing, 60 almost identical locomotives were ordered in Wiener Neustadt. These led to the later FS class 420, which was built by other manufacturers until 1905.

The locomotives of the class 35a were able to pull 210 tonnes on a ramp with a gradient of 2.5 percent. In addition to the Semmering Railway, they were also used on the Brenner Railway and in the Karst Plateau of present-day Slovenia. Like their predecessors, they were later given Kobel chimneys.

After the Second World War, 20 examples came to the FS and became class 452 there. 23 units came to the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, of which 16 were later taken over by the JDŽ as class 132. The twelve locomotives remaining in Austria became the class 471 of the BBÖ. The three locomotives remaining in 1938 were classified by the Reichsbahn as 55 5601 to 5603.

General
Built1871-1872
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt, StEG, Floridsdorf, Miani, Maffei
Axle config0-8-0 (Eight-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco31 ft 6 3/4 in
Wheelbase11 ft 8 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 9 11/16 in
Empty weight99,629 lbs
Service weight111,884 lbs
Adhesive weight111,884 lbs
Axle load28,660 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power603 hp (450 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Top speed22 mph
Starting effort23,707 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter43.5 in
Boiler pressure130 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 19 11/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area23.3 sq ft
Firebox area115.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,714.7 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,829.9 sq ft
Total heating area1,829.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
Louis Adolf Gölsdorf
last changed: 01/2023
Austrian Southern Railway class 35c
Italian State Railway class 454 and Yugoslav Railway class 132
Austria-Hungary | 1872 | 10 produced
Nr. 1010 on a Wiener Neustadt works photo
Nr. 1010 on a Wiener Neustadt works photo

After the class 35a, the Südbahn had ten other very similar locomotives built by Sigl in Wiener Neustadt. Since the 35a was said to have a boiler “overflowing” with pipes, the 35c received fewer heating pipes. The tube heating area fell from 159 to 138 square meters, while the grate area remained unchanged and the area of the firebox hardly changed. In addition, they were fitted with a Le-Chatelier-Ricour countersteam brake.

After the First World War, two units came to the Italian State Railways, where they became Gruppo 454. The rest all came first to the state of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and were later classified by the JDŽ, just like their predecessors, in the class 132. Thus, the BBÖ did not receive any representatives of this class at all.

General
Built1872
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt
Axle config0-8-0 (Eight-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Service weight110,892 lbs
Adhesive weight110,892 lbs
Axle load27,778 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power573 hp (427 kW)
Optimal speed15 mph
Top speed22 mph
Starting effort24,144 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter42.8 in
Boiler pressure130 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 19 11/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area23.3 sq ft
Firebox area111.9 sq ft
Tube heating area1,484.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,596.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,596.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
Louis Adolf Gölsdorf
last changed: 01/2023
Austrian Southern Railway class 109
Austria-Hungary | 1910 | 53 produced
109.13 and 109.109 in June 2006 in Mürzzuschlag
109.13 and 109.109 in June 2006 in Mürzzuschlag
Wolfgang Glock
General
Built1910, 1913, 1927-1930
ManufacturerStEG, Floridsdorf, Wiener Neustadt, MÁVAG
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 6 in
Length loco43 ft 9 3/8 in
Total wheelbase26 ft 10 7/16 in
Empty weight9,149 lbs
Service weight147,489 lbs
Adhesive weight95,240 lbs
Water capacity4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,529 hp (1,140 kW)
Optimal speed34 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort28,497 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter68.5 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 21 5/8 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area38.2 sq ft
Firebox area129.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,870.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,999.9 sq ft
Superheater area559.7 sq ft
Total heating area2,559.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 08 2023
Imperial-Royal State Railways and Austrian Southern Railway class 229
Wien-Aspang Railway series IIIa, Czechoslovak State Railways class 354.0, Italian State Railway class 912, Yugoslav Railway class 116, Hungarian State Railways series 343 and German Reichsbahn class 759
Austria-Hungary | 1903 | 267 produced
Locomotive Magazine, October 1904

From 1903, Gölsdorf had 17 class 129 tank locomotives built, which had a 2-6-0T wheel arrangement and were intended for commuter service. In 1903, the Südbahn ordered eleven of these locomotives with larger supplies, which were given a trailing axle. The kkStB also ordered 239 of these locomotives, designated as the class 229, and rebuilt the class 129 in the same way. The Serbian State Railways and the EWA also received some machines. After the First World War, a total of 145 locomotives came to ČSD, where some were superheated and some were given a trailing bogie. The 90 locomotives of the BBÖ were classified by the Reichsbahn in the class 759 from 1938.

General
Built1903-1918
ManufacturerWiener Neustadt, Floridsdorf, StEG, BMMF, Krauss Linz
Axle config2-6-2T (Prairie) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length38 ft 7 1/4 in
Wheelbase26 ft 2 15/16 in
Total wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in
Empty weight111,333 lbs
Service weight147,930 lbs
Adhesive weight92,594 lbs
Axle load31,747 lbs
Water capacity2,510 us gal
Fuel capacity7,496 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power637 hp (475 kW)
Optimal speed27 mph
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort14,854 lbf
with start valve17,825 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63.5 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 16 9/16 x 28 3/8 in
and LP: 25 9/16 x 28 3/8 in
Boiler
Grate area21.5 sq ft
Firebox area101.2 sq ft
Tube heating area1,040.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,142.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,142.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
tank locomotive
Karl Gölsdorf
last changed: 07/2023
Austrian Southern Railway class 480
Austria | 1921 | 6 produced
257 601 partly dismantled in October 1978 at the ÖBB open day in Floridsdorf
257 601 partly dismantled in October 1978 at the ÖBB open day in Floridsdorf
TARS631
General
Built1921
ManufacturerStEG
Axle config0-10-0 (Ten-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco36 ft 6 9/16 in
Wheelbase18 ft 4 1/2 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight157,630 lbs
Adhesive weight157,630 lbs
Water capacity4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity14,550 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,307 hp (975 kW)
Optimal speed17 mph
Top speed31 mph
Starting effort48,482 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter51.1 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 24 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area40.6 sq ft
Firebox area136.7 sq ft
Tube heating area1,762.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,898.8 sq ft
Superheater area488.7 sq ft
Total heating area2,387.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Austrian Southern Railway and Imperial-Royal State Railways class 629
Czechoslovak State Railways class 354.1, Polish State Railways OKm11, German Reichsbahn class 772-3 and Austrian Federal Railways class 77
Austria-Hungary | 1913 | 329 produced
629.01 in May 2007 at the Köflacher station in Graz
629.01 in May 2007 at the Köflacher station in Graz
Moschitz

Based on the class 229 2-6-2T tank locomotive of the Südbahn and kkStB, Ernst Prossy developed the class 629 for the Südbahn. In order to be able to increase power while maintaining the axle and meter loads, a leading bogie was used. With an unchanged driving wheel diameter of 1,614 mm (63.5 inches), they were suitable for passenger and light express trains. Approval was initially granted for 85 km/h and later increased to 90 km/h, and even 110 km/h was achieved on test runs.

After the Südbahn had received 15, Gölsdorf also adopted the design with small changes for the kkStB and had 25 more built. Larger numbers were only created after the First World War, when the BBÖ, the ČSD and the PKP had more machines built. The ČSD in particular ultimately made it to a total of 234 with its class 354.1 locomotives built by Škoda. These were characterized by two steam domes with a connecting pipe.

Variant1913 variant1927 variant
General
Built1913-19221927-1928
ManufacturerStEG, Wiener Neustadt, Krauss Linz, Škoda
Axle config4-6-2T (Pacific) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length43 ft 9 3/8 in
Wheelbase31 ft 5 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 9 3/4 in
Service weight176,811 lbs184,747 lbs
Adhesive weight95,240 lbs99,208 lbs
Axle load31,747 lbs33,069 lbs
Water capacity3,170 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,113 hp (830 kW)
Optimal speed28 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort24,997 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63.5 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 11/16 x 28 3/8 in
Boiler
Grate area29.1 sq ft
Firebox area131.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,395.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,526.9 sq ft
Superheater area363.3 sq ft
Total heating area1,890.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
tank locomotive
last changed: 02/2024
Southern State Railway “Bavaria”
Austria-Hungary | 1851 | only one produced
General
Built1851
ManufacturerMaffei
Axle config0-4-4-0+0-6-0 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase35 ft 11 5/8 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 8 15/16 in
Service weight160,937 lbs
Adhesive weight160,937 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power402 hp (300 kW)
Optimal speed9 mph
Starting effort30,017 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter42 in
Boiler pressure123 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 x 30 1/16 in
Boiler
Grate area24.8 sq ft
Tube heating area1,883.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
prototype
powered tender
last changed: 10 2023
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