## Sub Chapters

*Czechoslovak State Railways*classes E 499.0 and E 499.1

*(Škoda*12E1, 12E6, 20E and 30E)

*Czech Railways*classes 140 and 141

In order to be able to use modern locomotives on the 3,000 V electrified routes after the Second World War, Škoda decided to license foreign components. The necessary support was found in Switzerland from the companies Sécheron and SLM, which resulted in the E 499.01 series. The locomotive, designated by the manufacturer as 12E, reached 120 km/h with an hourly output of 2,344 kW and could therefore be used in front of express, passenger and light freight trains. As is usual with DC locomotives, the power was regulated using series-parallel circuits and resistors. The prototype was operational in 1953 and was tested in Poland until the Czechoslovak main line was fully electrified. 99 series pieces followed until 1958.

In order to save on license fees and end dependence on foreign technology, the bogies developed with Swiss help for the E 499.0 were replaced with in-house developments, thus creating the class E 499.1. A distinguishing feature of these locomotives were the four rectangular engine room windows on each side, while the E 499.0 had six round windows. A prototype was built in 1957 with the manufacturer's designation 20E and in 1959 and 1960 60 pieces of the series variant 30E were built. The self-developed bogies initially caused problems, but these could be turned off over time.

The 499.1 was also initially used in front of all types of trains. When the E 499.2, also from Škoda, was introduced in 1978, the older locomotives were increasingly used for slower trains. The introduction of the E 499.3 from 1984 pushed them even further out of service. The engines still available in 1988 were reclassified as the classes 140 and 141. In 2016, only two engines of the class 141 were reported to be still active at CD. While some locomotives are preserved in museums or as monuments today, a few are still used by private operators in Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

Variant | E 499.0 | E 499.1 |
---|---|---|

General | ||

Built | 1953-1960 | |

Manufacturer | Škoda | |

Axle config | B-B | |

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | |

Dimensions and Weights | ||

Length | 51 ft 7 11/16 in | 52 ft 11 7/16 in |

Service weight | 180,779 lbs | 185,188 lbs |

Adhesive weight | 180,779 lbs | 185,188 lbs |

Axle load | 45,195 lbs | 46,297 lbs |

Power | ||

Power source | electric - DC | |

Electric system | 3,000 V | |

Hourly power | 3,143 hp (2,344 kW) | |

Continuous power | 2,725 hp (2,032 kW) | |

Top speed | 75 mph | |

Starting effort | 47,659 lbf | 50,582 lbf |

Power Plant | ||

Boiler | ||

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*classes E 669.0 to E 669.3

*Czech Railways*classes 180 to 183

Variant | E 669.0001 | E 669.1001-1080 | E 669.1081-1150 | E 669.2, E 669.3 |
---|---|---|---|---|

General | ||||

Built | 1958-1959 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963-1965, 1971 |

Manufacturer | Škoda | |||

Axle config | C-C | |||

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | |||

Dimensions and Weights | ||||

Length | 61 ft 8 3/16 in | 62 ft 1 11/16 in | ||

Service weight | 262,350 lbs | 273,814 lbs | 264,554 lbs | |

Adhesive weight | 262,350 lbs | 273,814 lbs | 264,554 lbs | |

Axle load | 42,990 lbs | 45,636 lbs | 44,092 lbs | |

Power | ||||

Power source | electric - DC | |||

Electric system | 3,000 V | 3,000 V, 1,500 V | 3,000 V | |

Continuous power | 4,087 hp (3,048 kW) | 3,500 hp (2,610 kW) | 3,741 hp (2,790 kW) | |

Top speed | 75 mph | 56 mph | ||

Starting effort | 51,931 lbf | 77,559 lbf | ||

Power Plant | ||||

Boiler | ||||

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*classes E 469.1 to E 469.3

*Czech Railways*classes 121 to 123

Although the classes 499.0 and 499.1 were also used in front of freight trains, the tractive effort in this area of application was limited. When the E 499.157 was damaged in an accident, the opportunity was taken to provide it with a different gear ratio for a top speed of 90 km/h as part of the repairs. Due to the limited adhesion, the starting tractive effort did not increase, but bigger pulling power was available at the usual speeds for freight trains. Although this locomotive was dismantled after testing, 85 examples of the new freight version were built in 1960 as the class E 469.1. These locomotives also had electric train heating and could therefore also pull passenger trains, but this only happened rarely due to the lower maximum speed.

When there was a further need for freight locomotives for 3.000 volts direct current, another series of 55 units was built in 1967 as the E 469.2. These had a revised locomotive body and driver's cabs based on the class E 669.1 and were the first Czechoslovak DC electric locomotive to have multiple controls. When some steam locomotives still had to be replaced a few years later, another 29 units were built in 1971 as the E 469.3. The three series later became the classes 121, 122 and 123. Since after the division of Czechoslovakia no major railway lines in Slovakia were electrified with direct current, they all came to CD. According to their age, the 469.1 were the first to be either retired or sold to private railways by 2006. Most examples of the newer series were retired between 2010 and 2020.

Variant | E 469.1 | E 469.2 | E 469.3 |
---|---|---|---|

General | |||

Built | 1959-1960 | 1967 | 1971 |

Manufacturer | Škoda | ||

Axle config | B-B | ||

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | ||

Dimensions and Weights | |||

Length | 52 ft 11 7/16 in | 56 ft 5 9/16 in | |

Wheelbase | 38 ft 0 11/16 in | ||

Fixed wheelbase | 10 ft 11 1/8 in | ||

Service weight | 194,007 lbs | 187,393 lbs | |

Adhesive weight | 194,007 lbs | 187,393 lbs | |

Axle load | 48,502 lbs | 46,848 lbs | |

Power | |||

Power source | electric - DC | ||

Electric system | 3,000 V | ||

Hourly power | 3,143 hp (2,344 kW) | 3,058 hp (2,280 kW) | 3,138 hp (2,340 kW) |

Continuous power | 2,725 hp (2,032 kW) | 2,669 hp (1,990 kW) | 2,736 hp (2,040 kW) |

Top speed | 56 mph | ||

Starting effort | 52,605 lbf | 50,357 lbf | |

Power Plant | |||

Boiler | |||

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*class S 489.0

*Czech Railways*class 230

*(Škoda*47 E)

General | |

Built | 1966-1967 |

Manufacturer | Škoda |

Axle config | B-B |

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) |

Dimensions and Weights | |

Length | 53 ft 11 1/4 in |

Wheelbase | 34 ft 9 5/16 in |

Fixed wheelbase | 9 ft 2 1/4 in |

Service weight | 194,007 lbs |

Adhesive weight | 194,007 lbs |

Axle load | 48,502 lbs |

Power | |

Power source | electric - AC |

Electric system | 25,000 V 50 Hz |

Hourly power | 4,291 hp (3,200 kW) |

Continuous power | 4,130 hp (3,080 kW) |

Top speed | 68 mph |

Starting effort | 57,326 lbf |

Power Plant | |

Boiler | |

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*classes S 499.0 and S 499.1

*(Škoda*47 E)

*Czech Railways and Slovak Railway*classes 240 and 340

Variant | S 499.0 | S 499.1 |
---|---|---|

General | ||

Built | 1968-1970 | |

Manufacturer | Škoda | |

Axle config | B-B | |

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | |

Dimensions and Weights | ||

Length | 53 ft 11 1/4 in | |

Service weight | 187,393 lbs | |

Adhesive weight | 187,393 lbs | |

Axle load | 46,958 lbs | |

Power | ||

Power source | electric - AC | |

Electric system | 25,000 V 50 Hz | |

Hourly power | 4,291 hp (3,200 kW) | |

Continuous power | 4,130 hp (3,080 kW) | |

Top speed | 75 mph | 87 mph |

Starting effort | 57,326 lbf | 47,210 lbf |

Power Plant | ||

Boiler | ||

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*class E 479.1

*Slovak Railway*class 131

*(Škoda*58 E)

Starting in 1980, the ČSD had a total of 50 class E 479.1 two-section locomotives built for the steep gradients in Slovakia. Technically, they largely corresponded to the ES499.1 developed at the same time. However, the individual halves had slightly less power than the ES499.1 and were only designed for 100 km/h. Since 1988 they have been known as class 131. With the division of Czechoslovakia, they all came to Slovakia, where they are still in use today.

General | |

Built | 1980-1982 |

Manufacturer | Škoda |

Axle config | B-B+B-B |

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) |

Dimensions and Weights | |

Length | 113 ft 3 13/16 in |

Wheelbase | 37 ft 3 5/8 in |

Fixed wheelbase | 10 ft 6 in |

Service weight | 372,581 lbs |

Adhesive weight | 372,581 lbs |

Axle load | 46,517 lbs |

Power | |

Power source | electric - DC |

Electric system | 3,000 V |

Hourly power | 6,705 hp (5,000 kW) |

Continuous power | 6,008 hp (4,480 kW) |

Top speed | 62 mph |

Starting effort | 78,683 lbf |

Power Plant | |

Boiler | |

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*class ES 499.1

*Czech Railways and Slovak Railway*classes 362 and 363

Variant | 362 | 363 |
---|---|---|

General | ||

Built | 1980, 1984-1990 | |

Manufacturer | Škoda | |

Axle config | B-B | |

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | |

Dimensions and Weights | ||

Length | 55 ft 1 7/16 in | |

Wheelbase | 37 ft 8 3/4 in | |

Fixed wheelbase | 10 ft 6 in | |

Service weight | 191,802 lbs | |

Adhesive weight | 191,802 lbs | |

Axle load | 48,061 lbs | |

Power | ||

Power source | electric - AC/DC | |

Electric system | 25,000 V 50 Hz, 3,000 V | |

Continuous power | 4,667 hp (3,480 kW) | |

Top speed | 87 mph | 75 mph |

Starting effort | 58,450 lbf | |

Power Plant | ||

Boiler | ||

Calculated Values |

*Czechoslovak State Railways*class E 499.3

*(Škoda*71 E)

Variant | 162, 361.0 | 163 | 361.1 |
---|---|---|---|

General | |||

Built | 1984-1992 | ||

Manufacturer | Škoda | ||

Axle config | B-B | ||

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | ||

Dimensions and Weights | |||

Length | 55 ft 1 7/16 in | ||

Wheelbase | 37 ft 8 3/4 in | ||

Fixed wheelbase | 10 ft 6 in | ||

Service weight | 185,188 lbs | ||

Adhesive weight | 185,188 lbs | ||

Axle load | 46,297 lbs | ||

Power | |||

Power source | electric - DC | ||

Electric system | 3,000 V | ||

Continuous power | 4,667 hp (3,480 kW) | ||

Top speed | 87 mph | 75 mph | 99 mph |

Starting effort | 67,443 lbf | 64,071 lbf | |

Power Plant | |||

Boiler | |||

Calculated Values |

*Škoda*109 E “Emil Zátopek”

*Czech Railways*class 380,

*Slovak Railway*class 381 and

*DB AG*class 102

Variant | ČD 380 | ZSSK 381 | DB 102 |
---|---|---|---|

General | |||

Built | 2008-2011 | 2011 | 2016 |

Manufacturer | Škoda | ||

Axle config | B-B | ||

Gauge | 4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge) | ||

Dimensions and Weights | |||

Length | 59 ft 0 11/16 in | ||

Wheelbase | 36 ft 8 15/16 in | ||

Fixed wheelbase | 8 ft 2 7/16 in | ||

Service weight | 194,447 lbs | 194,007 lbs | |

Adhesive weight | 194,447 lbs | 194,007 lbs | |

Axle load | 48,612 lbs | 48,502 lbs | |

Power | |||

Power source | electric - AC/DC | electric - AC | |

Electric system | 15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz, 3,000 V | 15.000 V 16⅔ Hz | |

Hourly power | 9,655 hp (7,200 kW) | ||

Continuous power | 8,583 hp (6,400 kW) | ||

Top speed | 124 mph | 99 mph | 124 mph |

Starting effort | 61,598 lbf | 61,822 lbf | |

Power Plant | |||

Boiler | |||

Calculated Values |