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Czechoslovakian and Czech Electric Locomotives[Inhalt]
Czechoslovak State Railways classes E 499.0 and E 499.1 (Škoda 12E1, 12E6, 20E and 30E)
Czech Railways classes 140 and 141
Czechoslovakia | 1953 | 161 produced
E 499.112 (actually 141.012) in the year 2015 in Decín
E 499.112 (actually 141.012) in the year 2015 in Decín
PetrS

In order to be able to use modern locomotives on the 3,000 V electrified routes after the Second World War, Škoda decided to license foreign components. The necessary support was found in Switzerland from the companies Sécheron and SLM, which resulted in the E 499.01 series. The locomotive, designated by the manufacturer as 12E, reached 120 km/h with an hourly output of 2,344 kW and could therefore be used in front of express, passenger and light freight trains. As is usual with DC locomotives, the power was regulated using series-parallel circuits and resistors. The prototype was operational in 1953 and was tested in Poland until the Czechoslovak main line was fully electrified. 99 series pieces followed until 1958.

In order to save on license fees and end dependence on foreign technology, the bogies developed with Swiss help for the E 499.0 were replaced with in-house developments, thus creating the class E 499.1. A distinguishing feature of these locomotives were the four rectangular engine room windows on each side, while the E 499.0 had six round windows. A prototype was built in 1957 with the manufacturer's designation 20E and in 1959 and 1960 60 pieces of the series variant 30E were built. The self-developed bogies initially caused problems, but these could be turned off over time.

The 499.1 was also initially used in front of all types of trains. When the E 499.2, also from Škoda, was introduced in 1978, the older locomotives were increasingly used for slower trains. The introduction of the E 499.3 from 1984 pushed them even further out of service. The engines still available in 1988 were reclassified as the classes 140 and 141. In 2016, only two engines of the class 141 were reported to be still active at CD. While some locomotives are preserved in museums or as monuments today, a few are still used by private operators in Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

VariantE 499.0E 499.1
General
Built1953-1960
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length51 ft 7 11/16 in52 ft 11 7/16 in
Service weight180,779 lbs185,188 lbs
Adhesive weight180,779 lbs185,188 lbs
Axle load45,195 lbs46,297 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power3,143 hp (2,344 kW)
Continuous power2,725 hp (2,032 kW)
Top speed75 mph
Starting effort47,659 lbf50,582 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03/2022
Czechoslovak State Railways classes E 669.0 to E 669.3
Czech Railways classes 180 to 183
Czechoslovakia | 1958 | 363 produced
ZSSK 183.037 in May 2012 near Bánovce nad Ondavou
ZSSK 183.037 in May 2012 near Bánovce nad Ondavou
Phil Richards
VariantE 669.0001E 669.1001-1080E 669.1081-1150E 669.2, E 669.3
General
Built1958-1959196119621963-1965, 1971
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length61 ft 8 3/16 in62 ft 1 11/16 in
Service weight262,350 lbs273,814 lbs264,554 lbs
Adhesive weight262,350 lbs273,814 lbs264,554 lbs
Axle load42,990 lbs45,636 lbs44,092 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V3,000 V, 1,500 V3,000 V
Continuous power4,087 hp (3,048 kW)3,500 hp (2,610 kW)3,741 hp (2,790 kW)
Top speed75 mph56 mph
Starting effort51,931 lbf77,559 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Czechoslovak State Railways classes E 469.1 to E 469.3
Czech Railways classes 121 to 123
Czechoslovakia | 1959 | 169 produced
123 020-1 with modern livery and LED lighting in 2014 in Prague-Bubenec
123 020-1 with modern livery and LED lighting in 2014 in Prague-Bubenec
PatrikPaprika

Although the classes 499.0 and 499.1 were also used in front of freight trains, the tractive effort in this area of application was limited. When the E 499.157 was damaged in an accident, the opportunity was taken to provide it with a different gear ratio for a top speed of 90 km/h as part of the repairs. Due to the limited adhesion, the starting tractive effort did not increase, but bigger pulling power was available at the usual speeds for freight trains. Although this locomotive was dismantled after testing, 85 examples of the new freight version were built in 1960 as the class E 469.1. These locomotives also had electric train heating and could therefore also pull passenger trains, but this only happened rarely due to the lower maximum speed.

When there was a further need for freight locomotives for 3.000 volts direct current, another series of 55 units was built in 1967 as the E 469.2. These had a revised locomotive body and driver's cabs based on the class E 669.1 and were the first Czechoslovak DC electric locomotive to have multiple controls. When some steam locomotives still had to be replaced a few years later, another 29 units were built in 1971 as the E 469.3. The three series later became the classes 121, 122 and 123. Since after the division of Czechoslovakia no major railway lines in Slovakia were electrified with direct current, they all came to CD. According to their age, the 469.1 were the first to be either retired or sold to private railways by 2006. Most examples of the newer series were retired between 2010 and 2020.

VariantE 469.1E 469.2E 469.3
General
Built1959-196019671971
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 11 7/16 in56 ft 5 9/16 in
Wheelbase38 ft 0 11/16 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 11 1/8 in
Service weight194,007 lbs187,393 lbs
Adhesive weight194,007 lbs187,393 lbs
Axle load48,502 lbs46,848 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power3,143 hp (2,344 kW)3,058 hp (2,280 kW)3,138 hp (2,340 kW)
Continuous power2,725 hp (2,032 kW)2,669 hp (1,990 kW)2,736 hp (2,040 kW)
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort52,605 lbf50,357 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
last changed: 03/2022
Czechoslovak State Railways class S 489.0
Czech Railways class 230 (Škoda 47 E)
Czechoslovakia | 1966 | 110 produced
230 006 in old livery in February 2009 in Brno
230 006 in old livery in February 2009 in Brno
Harold
General
Built1966-1967
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 11 1/4 in
Wheelbase34 ft 9 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight194,007 lbs
Adhesive weight194,007 lbs
Axle load48,502 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz
Hourly power4,291 hp (3,200 kW)
Continuous power4,130 hp (3,080 kW)
Top speed68 mph
Starting effort57,326 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Czechoslovak State Railways classes S 499.0 and S 499.1 (Škoda 47 E)
Czech Railways and Slovak Railway classes 240 and 340
Czechoslovakia | 1968 | 145 produced
ZSSK 240 113 in August 2006 in Bratislava
ZSSK 240 113 in August 2006 in Bratislava
Teslaton
VariantS 499.0S 499.1
General
Built1968-1970
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 11 1/4 in
Service weight187,393 lbs
Adhesive weight187,393 lbs
Axle load46,958 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz
Hourly power4,291 hp (3,200 kW)
Continuous power4,130 hp (3,080 kW)
Top speed75 mph87 mph
Starting effort57,326 lbf47,210 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Czechoslovak State Railways class E 479.1
Slovak Railway class 131 (Škoda 58 E)
Czechoslovakia | 1980 | 50 produced
ZSSK 131 in August 2008 in Spišská Nová Ves
ZSSK 131 in August 2008 in Spišská Nová Ves
Honza Groh

Starting in 1980, the ČSD had a total of 50 class E 479.1 two-section locomotives built for the steep gradients in Slovakia. Technically, they largely corresponded to the ES499.1 developed at the same time. However, the individual halves had slightly less power than the ES499.1 and were only designed for 100 km/h. Since 1988 they have been known as class 131. With the division of Czechoslovakia, they all came to Slovakia, where they are still in use today.

General
Built1980-1982
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B+B-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length113 ft 3 13/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 3 5/8 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Service weight372,581 lbs
Adhesive weight372,581 lbs
Axle load46,517 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power6,705 hp (5,000 kW)
Continuous power6,008 hp (4,480 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort78,683 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
two-section
last changed: 07/2023
Czechoslovak State Railways class ES 499.1
Czech Railways and Slovak Railway classes 362 and 363
Czechoslovakia | 1980 | 221 produced
ČD Cargo 363 007 in August 2010 in Ostrava
ČD Cargo 363 007 in August 2010 in Ostrava
Petr Štefek
Variant362363
General
Built1980, 1984-1990
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 1 7/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 8 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Service weight191,802 lbs
Adhesive weight191,802 lbs
Axle load48,061 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz, 3,000 V
Continuous power4,667 hp (3,480 kW)
Top speed87 mph75 mph
Starting effort58,450 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
multi-system
last changed: 08 2023
Czechoslovak State Railways class E 499.3
later classes 162, 163 and 361 (Škoda 71 E)
Czechoslovakia | 1984 | 180 produced
CD 163 021 Malgosia in September 2013 at Grodzisk Maz
CD 163 021 Malgosia in September 2013 at Grodzisk Maz
Brill7
Variant162, 361.0163361.1
General
Built1984-1992
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 1 7/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 8 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Service weight185,188 lbs
Adhesive weight185,188 lbs
Axle load46,297 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Continuous power4,667 hp (3,480 kW)
Top speed87 mph75 mph99 mph
Starting effort67,443 lbf64,071 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
passenger
last changed: 09 2023
Škoda 109 E “Emil Zátopek”
Czech Railways class 380, Slovak Railway class 381 and DB AG class 102
Czech Republic | 2008 | 28 produced
ČD 380 009 in April 2014 in Prague
ČD 380 009 in April 2014 in Prague
PatrikPaprika / CC-BY-SA-3.0
VariantČD 380ZSSK 381DB 102
General
Built2008-201120112016
ManufacturerŠkoda
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length59 ft 0 11/16 in
Wheelbase36 ft 8 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Service weight194,447 lbs194,007 lbs
Adhesive weight194,447 lbs194,007 lbs
Axle load48,612 lbs48,502 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DCelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz, 3,000 V15.000 V 16⅔ Hz
Hourly power9,655 hp (7,200 kW)
Continuous power8,583 hp (6,400 kW)
Top speed124 mph99 mph124 mph
Starting effort61,598 lbf61,822 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
express
freight
multi-system
three-phase AC
last changed: 09 2023
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