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Polish Electric Locomotives[Inhalt]
Polish State Railways EP01 (English Electric EL.100)
Poland | 1934 | 6 produced
View of the UK built EL102
View of the UK built EL102
Polnisches Digitales Nationalarchiv

In 1933, the Warsaw city line was opened, which included a 2,226 meter long tunnel. Since the smoke and exhaust steam from the steam locomotives caused problems in the tunnel and the adjacent residential areas, the decision to electrify the line was quickly made. Lacking electrification expertise, one turned to English Electric and Metropolitan Vickers. These companies undertook the electrification of the city line and some suburban lines, supplied electric locomotives of the type EL.100 and supported the construction of electric railcars. As for the locomotives, the contract stipulated that English Electric would supply two examples and the electrical components for four more, to be completed with the mechanical part from Poland.

The locomotives were relatively modern designs with two bogies and single-axle drives. The locomotives imported from Manchester were given the numbers EL.101 and EL.102, the EL.103 to EL.106 made in Poland. Although they were 100 km/h fast, they were mainly used to pull passenger trains with steam locomotives over the city line. Although the steam locomotives were heated up, they produced little steam and smoke with no load. In 1939, the electrical components for four more locomotives were ordered, which were shipped in August. They never reached their destination, as they were probably intercepted by the Germans at the beginning of the war. Shortly before the end of the war, three of the four remaining engines were brought to Germany and only scrapped at the end of the fifties. The PKP had only one engine, which was in use until 1964.

General
Built1934-1936
ManufacturerEnglish Electric, Fabryka Lokomotyw
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length44 ft 6 in
Wheelbase30 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 3 in
Service weight165,787 lbs
Adhesive weight165,787 lbs
Axle load41,447 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power2,210 hp (1,648 kW)
Continuous power1,813 hp (1,352 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort37,993 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
last changed: 03/2022
Polish State Railways EP02 (Pafawag E02)
originally E110
Poland | 1953 | 8 produced
The preserved EP02 02 in the year 2002
The preserved EP02 02 in the year 2002
Hiuppo

Since Poland needed new electric locomotives after the war and did not yet have its own industry in this sector, these continued to be procured from foreign suppliers. Based on the experiences with British companies in the thirties, the electrical components for the production of seven four-axle electric locomotives were ordered there again, which were to be used again on the Warsaw light rail system. The complete locomotives were manufactured at the Pafawag wagon factory in Breslau. In 1957 an eighth locomotive was built with local electrics, which had a slightly lower output. The series designation at the PKP was first E110, then E02 and finally EP02.

Technically, the locomotives had a lot in common with the EL.100. Visually, they differed primarily in a more modern, streamlined locomotive body. Since the electrical equipment was no longer state-of-the-art and there were quality problems in the manufacture of the mechanical parts, many teething problems had to be repaired first. Nevertheless, they were used in express service until the 1960s and later in front of regular passenger trains. As more and more technical problems arose, the maximum speed was reduced to 70 km/h, which was soon followed by the removal from active service. After retiring from active service, some examples spent many years as stationary heating locomotives for passenger trains, the last one until 1992.

VariantEP02-01 to 07EP02-08
General
Built1953-19541957
ManufacturerPafawag
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length49 ft 2 9/16 in
Wheelbase33 ft 7 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight178,574 lbs
Adhesive weight178,574 lbs
Axle load44,644 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power2,213 hp (1,650 kW)2,146 hp (1,600 kW)
Continuous power1,824 hp (1,360 kW)1,663 hp (1,240 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort37,993 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
last changed: 03/2022
Polish State Railways ET21 (Pafawag 3E)
Poland | 1957 | 658 produced
CTL Logistics ET21-106 in January 2018 in Jaksice
CTL Logistics ET21-106 in January 2018 in Jaksice
Akjam-Sen
Variant3E3E/1
General
Built1957-1971
ManufacturerPafawag
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 2 3/16 in
Wheelbase39 ft 4 7/16 in
Service weight266,759 lbs251,327 lbs
Adhesive weight266,759 lbs251,327 lbs
Axle load44,461 lbs41,888 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power3,218 hp (2,400 kW)
Continuous power2,736 hp (2,040 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort70,590 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Polish State Railways series EU04 and LEW Hennigsdorf E04
originally E200
Poland | 1954 | 25 produced
EU04-24 in November 2017 at the Jaworzyna Slaska Museum
EU04-24 in November 2017 at the Jaworzyna Slaska Museum
Hugh Llewelyn

Due to a lack of experience in the production of electric locomotives, the PKP had already bought British locomotives before ordering more in the GDR. The 25 machines from LEW Hennigsdorf were initially referred to as the E200 and later became the EU04. These were universal locomotives with a top speed of 110 km/h and train heating.

Accordingly, they were used in front of passenger and freight trains. One problem was the high axle load of 21.5 tonnes, which was not yet permitted everywhere at the time. The decommissioning took place between 1970 and 1983. Today the EP04-24 is preserved, which is in the museum in Jaworzyna Śląska.

General
Built1954-1955
ManufacturerLEW Hennigsdorf
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 6 1/2 in
Service weight189,597 lbs
Adhesive weight189,597 lbs
Axle load47,399 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power2,843 hp (2,120 kW)
Continuous power2,253 hp (1,680 kW)
Top speed68 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 04/2023
Polish State Railways EU07 and EP07 (Pafawag 4E and 303E)
Poland | 1965 | 489 produced
PKP Intercity EU07 305 in August 2015 near Chabówka
PKP Intercity EU07 305 in August 2015 near Chabówka
Brill7
Variant4E303E
General
Built1965-19741983-1994
ManufacturerPafawagCegielski
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 2 9/16 in53 ft 3 3/16 in
Service weight176,370 lbs183,865 lbs
Adhesive weight176,370 lbs183,865 lbs
Axle load44,092 lbs45,966 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power2,789 hp (2,080 kW)
Continuous power2,682 hp (2,000 kW)
Top speed78 mph
Starting effort62,947 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
last changed: 08 2023
Polish State Railways ET22 (Pafawag 201E)
Poland | 1969 | 1,183 produced
ET22-1118 in July 2013 in Decín
ET22-1118 in July 2013 in Decín
Ralf Roletschek / roletschek.at
General
Built1969-1989
ManufacturerPafawag
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length63 ft 1 1/2 in
Wheelbase45 ft 3 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 5 13/16 in
Service weight264,554 lbs
Adhesive weight264,554 lbs
Axle load44,092 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power4,184 hp (3,120 kW)
Continuous power4,023 hp (3,000 kW)
Top speed78 mph
Starting effort92,396 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
last changed: 09 2023
Newag Dragon
Poland | 2009 | more than 50 produced
Lotos Kolej E6ACT-005 in March 2018 with a tank train
Lotos Kolej E6ACT-005 in March 2018 with a tank train
Akjam-Sen

The first newly developed Polish locomotive in the 21st century was presented by the company Newag in 2009. The “Dragon”, intended primarily for freight service, has six axles with three-phase traction motors and a modular design that allows different power options. Sales initially got off to a slow start and were limited only to customers in Poland. The Dragon 2 has been built since 2018 and has been adapted to new TSI standards and has modernized traction electronics.

The basic variant is designed for operation under 3 kV direct current and has an output of 5,000 kW. The variant for 15 and 25 kV alternating current has an output of 7,200 kW, and a multi-system variant is also available. These can optionally be equipped with a last-mile module, which consists of a 520 kW diesel engine with generator. A pure diesel variant that has not yet been implemented has an output of 2,300 kW. For all variants, the starting tractive force can optionally be increased from 375 to 450 kN.

VariantE6DCTE6ACTE6ACTdDiesel
General
Builtsince 2009
ManufacturerNewag
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length66 ft 8 3/8 in
Service weight263,673 lbs
Adhesive weight263,673 lbs
Axle load42,622 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DCelectric - ACelectric - AC/DC + diesel-electricdiesel-electric
Electric system3,000 V15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz, 3,000 V
Continuous power6,705 hp (5,000 kW)9,655 hp (7,200 kW)
Top speed75 mph
Starting effort84,303 lbf83,179 lbf
Engine output697 hp (520 kW)3,084 hp (2,300 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
diesel locomotive
freight
multi-system
last mile diesel
last changed: 03/2024
Newag Griffin
Polish State Railways EU160
Poland | 2012 | more than 37 produced
PKP Intercity E4DCUd-005 has a top speed of 160 km/h and is designed to operate under 3 kV DC
PKP Intercity E4DCUd-005 has a top speed of 160 km/h and is designed to operate under 3 kV DC
Ryszard Rusak

As a supplement to the six-axle Dragon, Newag developed a four-axle locomotive from 2010, which was initially to be given the name “Elephant”. A variant with a top speed of 140 km/h for the direct current system and a multi-system locomotive with a speed of 200 km/h were planned. During development, it was renamed „Griffin”.

The locomotives comply with the current EU crash standards and have modern electronic equipment. The driver's cabs contain multifunction displays and cameras are used to replace the rear-view mirrors and monitor the area around the couplers. Siemens also equips them with the necessary equipment for running under ETCS Level 2.

As the first variant, the E4MSU was tested by PKP Cargo from 2013. This is a multi-system universal locomotive with a maximum speed of 160 km/h, but was only built once. The 200 km/h fast multi-system passenger locomotive E4MSP was not initially implemented. The pure AC locomotives E4ACU and E4ACP were also not implemented.

The DC universal locomotive E4DCU was more successful. From it, 30 locomotives were purchased by PKP Intercity and used as EU160. Derived from this is the E4DCUd, which also has a 380 kW last-mile diesel. The five locomotives ordered by Lotos Kolej were not taken over and instead leased to PKP Intercity and Orlen KolTrains. PKP Intercity finally ordered ten more E4MSP machines, which were initially not implemented.

VariantE4MSUE4DCUE4DCUd
General
Builtsince 2012
ManufacturerNewag
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length65 ft 3 7/16 in
Service weight194,007 lbs174,165 lbs178,574 lbs
Adhesive weight194,007 lbs174,165 lbs178,574 lbs
Axle load48,502 lbs43,541 lbs44,644 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DCelectric - DCelectric - DC + diesel-electric
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz3,000 V
Continuous power7,510 hp (5,600 kW)
Top speed99 mph
Starting effort69,691 lbf
Engine output510 hp (380 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
diesel locomotive
passenger
freight
multi-system
three-phase AC
last changed: 01/2023
Pesa Gama
Polish State Railways SU160
Poland | 2012 | more than 70 produced
Lotos Kolej 111Ed-001 with Last Mile Diesel in November 2012 during test runs
Lotos Kolej 111Ed-001 with Last Mile Diesel in November 2012 during test runs
KlimaIno
Variant111Eb111Ed111Db111DE
General
Builtsince 2012
ManufacturerNewag
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length64 ft 11 1/2 in64 ft 9 9/16 in
Empty weight176,370 lbs180,779 lbs185,188 lbs189,597 lbs
Service weight176,370 lbs180,779 lbs185,188 lbs189,597 lbs
Total weight44,092 lbs45,195 lbs46,297 lbs47,399 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DCelectric - DC + diesel-electricdiesel-electric
Electric system3,000 V
Continuous power7,510 hp (5,600 kW)
Top speed99 mph87 mph99 mph
Starting effort69,691 lbf61,822 lbf
EngineCaterpillar C15 ACERTMTU 16V 4000 R84
Engine type6-cyl. dieselV16 diesel
Engine output540 hp (403 kW)3,058 hp (2,280 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
diesel locomotive
passenger
freight
express
multi-system
last changed: 10 2023
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