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Electric Locomotives from BeNeLux[Inhalt]
Belgian Railway type 120
later HLE 28
Belgium | 1949 | 3 produced
2802 in October 1991 shunting an international passenger train in Brussels
2802 in October 1991 shunting an international passenger train in Brussels
Phil Richards

After the Second World War, the Belgian State Railways were looking for electric locomotives suitable for series production. On the one hand, the Type 101 was procured, which was based on series models already used in France, and the Type 121, which was developed in Switzerland and built in Belgium with some components from Switzerland. On the other hand, three independent locomotives were developed and built by the Belgian company Baume & Marpent. These were designated Type 120 and were used in regular service from 1950.

It was a contemporary design with a cuboid but slightly rounded body, four individually powered axles and no carrying axles. These were designed for the 3,000 volt DC system used in Belgium, which had been in place since 1935 and would expand in the post-war period. The produced quantity stagnated at three, these were delivered in two shades of green and later got yellow stripes on the fronts to increase visibility. The locomotives became the HLE 20 in 1971 and just two years later they were again redesignated the HLE 28 in favor of a new class. They spent their final years shunting empty passenger trains for Brussels Midi station and were retired by 1996. Today the number 28 is used by a variant of the Bombardier TRAXX.

General
Built1949
ManufacturerBaume & Marpent
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length56 ft 4 3/8 in
Service weight185,188 lbs
Adhesive weight185,188 lbs
Axle load46,297 lbs
Power
Hourly power2,662 hp (1,985 kW)
Continuous power2,172 hp (1,620 kW)
Top speed81 mph
Starting effort44,063 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03/2022
Belgian Railway types 122, 123, 125 and 140
later HLE 22, 23, 25 and 25.5
Belgium | 1953 | 155 produced
2316 in 2011 together with a second class 23 locomotive, you can see the cables for the multiple control
2316 in 2011 together with a second class 23 locomotive, you can see the cables for the multiple control
Marc Ryckaert

The first electric locomotives to be procured in large numbers in post-war Belgium were the later HLE 22, 23 and 25. These were four-axle locomotives with a top speed of 130 km/h, an hourly output of 1,880 kW and a continuous output of 1,740 kW. The original version was the type 122, of which 50 examples were built between 1953 and 1954. Initially, they were only designed for 3,000 volts direct current and had ventilation grilles in the roof area, which later turned out to be problematic with regard to the ingress of rain. They were designated as Series 22 in the new numbering scheme of 1971.

Due to the problems with the arrangement of the ventilation grilles, the type 123 was built between 1955 and 1957, in which the grilles were arranged in the lower area of the side walls. Since these locomotives were also intended to pull heavier freight trains, the weight was increased by five tonnes. After 83 examples of the 123, further examples were built in 1960 and 1961, which were again three tonnes lighter than the type 122. These were 16 of the type 125 and six of the type 140. The latter were distinguished by the fact that they were designed for 140 km/h with another gear ratio. Since the ten additional km/h did not pay off considering the loss of tractive power, this was converted to 130 km/h and classified as type 125. From 1971 the types 123 and 125 became the HLE 23 and 25.

In 1971, an HLE 23 locomotive was fitted with a streamlined paneling on one side and was operated at up to 200 km/h in test runs. Other HLE 23 locomotives were later equipped for multiple working and were then often found in pairs in front of freight trains. Eight examples of the HLE 25 were equipped in the 1970s as the first Belgian locomotives for push-pull operation with one locomotive at each end of the train. They were designated HLE 25.5 and were later partly superseded by newly built control cars at one end of the train. Some of the HLE 23, 25 and 25.5 locomotives were also adapted for operation under 1,500 volts DC in the Netherlands. In the 21st century, the locomotives were mostly only used for freight trains. In 2009, most examples were still in service but then faced rapid retirement and the last examples of the 25.5 disappeared in 2012.

Variant222325, 25.5
General
Built1953-19541955-19571960-1961
ManufacturerNiv, SEMG, ACECBN, SEMG, ACECBN, ACEC
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length59 ft 0 11/16 in
Service weight191,802 lbs202,825 lbs185,188 lbs
Adhesive weight191,802 lbs202,825 lbs185,188 lbs
Axle load47,950 lbs50,706 lbs46,297 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V1,500 V, 3,000 V
Hourly power2,521 hp (1,880 kW)
Continuous power2,333 hp (1,740 kW)
Top speed81 mph
Starting effort44,063 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03/2022
Belgian Railway HLE 13 and Luxembourg Railways series 3000
Belgium | 1998 | 80 produced
SNCB 1324
SNCB 1324
Marc Ryckaert
General
Built1998-2000
ManufacturerAlstom
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length62 ft 8 3/8 in
Wheelbase43 ft 11 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 10 1/8 in
Service weight198,416 lbs
Adhesive weight198,416 lbs
Axle load49,604 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V, 3,000 V
Hourly power6,973 hp (5,200 kW)
Top speed124 mph
Starting effort64,745 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
express
freight
multi-system
three-phase AC
last changed: 10 2023
Dutch Railways series 1000
Netherlands | 1948 | 10 produced
No. 1001 on an SLM works photo
No. 1001 on an SLM works photo

The 1000 series was an electric locomotive that the NS ordered based on the Swiss Ae 3/6. This has been adapted to operate under 1,500 volts DC in the flat terrain of the Netherlands. The carrying axles were also combined here with the adjacent driving axle to form a Java bogie. The first three locomotives were manufactured by SLM with electrics from Oerlikon and the other seven only had the electrics from Switzerland. Despite their susceptibility to failure, they were used until 1982, but almost exclusively in front of freight trains.

General
Built1948-1949
Manufacturermechanical part: SLM, Werkspoor, electrical part: Oerlikon
Axle config1A-B-A1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 2 9/16 in
Service weight220,462 lbs
Adhesive weight158,733 lbs
Axle load39,683 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power4,420 hp (3,296 kW)
Continuous power3,749 hp (2,796 kW)
Top speed84 mph
Starting effort39,791 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
last changed: 03/2023
Dutch Railways series 1100
Netherlands | 1950 | 60 produced
1121 in October 1952 in 's-Hertogenbosch
1121 in October 1952 in 's-Hertogenbosch
Gerdessen, D.C. / Nederlandse Spoorwegen

As the first series of electric locomotives after the Second World War, the NS procured a total of 60 units from Alsthom, which were derived from the French BB 8100. Externally, they resembled their prototype and also ran on two two-axle bogies with single-axle drive and without carrying axles, but they were designed for a speed of 135 instead of 105 km/h. They could therefore be used in front of all types of trains.

Although the locomotives had an irreplaceable position in NS operations for decades, they were extremely unpopular with the train drivers. A fundamental problem was that the buffers and couplings were attached to the bogies instead of to the locomotive body, which led to unsteady running. In addition, the insufficient space in the driver's cab, a noticeable draft around the legs and loud fan noise further restricted comfort. For these reasons, the NS even had to pay the engine drivers a surcharge in order to be able to persuade them to work on the 1100 series.

After an accident in 1978, the locomotives were rebuilt to have additional crumple zones on the fronts. A design was used, which resembled the “Nez Cassé” of newer French locomotives. The era of the 1100 was drawing to a close around 1990, when the 1700 series locomotives and the DD-AR double-deck multiple units were introduced. By 1999 all locomotives were retired. As early as 1989, one locomotive was provided with the old fronts and returned to the original paintwork. After being found in the Dutch Railway Museum in Utrecht, this locomotive has been operational again since 2016.

Variantas builtrebuilt
General
Built1950-1956
ManufacturerAlstom
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length42 ft 7 3/16 in46 ft 6 7/16 in
Service weight176,370 lbs182,983 lbs
Adhesive weight176,370 lbs182,983 lbs
Axle load44,582 lbs45,746 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Continuous power2,722 hp (2,030 kW)27,223 hp (20,300 kW)
Top speed84 mph
Starting effort34,845 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03/2022
Dutch Railways series 1600
Netherlands | 1981 | 58 produced
1613 in April 2008 in the Venlo marshalling yard
1613 in April 2008 in the Venlo marshalling yard
Busspotter
General
Built1981-1983
ManufacturerAlstom, MTE
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 10 1/2 in
Wheelbase40 ft 11 7/8 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight182,983 lbs
Adhesive weight182,983 lbs
Axle load45,856 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power6,839 hp (5,100 kW)
Continuous power6,088 hp (4,540 kW)
Top speed112 mph
Starting effort58,450 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
freight
passenger
Nez cassé
last changed: 10 2023
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