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Japanese Railcars and Multiple Units since 1987[Inhalt]
JR East class 209
Japan | 1992 | 1,046 cars built
Class 209-2100 four-car train in March 2021 at Kuzumi, Narita
Class 209-2100 four-car train in March 2021 at Kuzumi, Narita
MaedaAkihiko
Variantfour-carten-car
General
Built1992-2004
ManufacturerJR East, Kawasaki, Tokyu Car
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+2-2 2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length262 ft 5 5/8 in656 ft 2 in
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power1,019 hp (760 kW)3,058 hp (2,280 kW)
Top speed68 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
local
suburban
last changed: 10 2023
JR East class E231
Japan | 1998 | 2,736 produced
E231-1000 in October 2007 on the Takasaki route
E231-1000 in October 2007 on the Takasaki route
Sui-setz
Variantfour-careleven-car
General
Built1998-2006, 2010-2011
ManufacturerNiitsu
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+2-2 2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length262 ft 5 5/8 in721 ft 9 7/16 in
Empty weight241,626 lbs669,764 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power1,019 hp (760 kW)3,058 hp (2,280 kW)
Top speed75 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
local
suburban
last changed: 09 2023
JR East class E233
Japan | 2006 | 359 produced
E233-3000 in February 2021 on the Tohoku Main Line
E233-3000 in February 2021 on the Tohoku Main Line
MaedaAkihiko

The E233 class trains were developed by JR East for suburban and commuter trains. They are based on the classes E231 and E531 and consist of sets of four to ten cars each. Each set has two independent equipment sets for redundancy. On each set, all cars except for the end car are powered on all axles. Ten-car trains are also formed from two sets of six and four cars each. There are numerous sub-series for different routes, such as the 2000 series with narrower bodies. In the 3000 series, the ten-car trains each contain two double-deck cars.

Variantfour-carten-car
General
Builtsince 2006
ManufacturerJR East, Kawasaki, Tokyu Car, J-TREC
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+2-2 2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats1.582
Dimensions and Weights
Length262 ft 5 5/8 in656 ft 2 in
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power1,502 hp (1,120 kW)4,506 hp (3,360 kW)
Top speed75 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
local
suburban
last changed: 03/2023
JR East NE Train
Japan | 2003 | only one produced
KiYa E991-1 hybrid diesel railcar at the Omiya depot
KiYa E991-1 hybrid diesel railcar at the Omiya depot
DAJF

In April 2003, JR East, in partnership with the Railway Technical Research Institute, introduced the “New Energy Train” powered by a diesel hybrid system. It was based on the E127-100 class two-car EMU and was officially designated the KiYa E991. The single railcar with two driver's cabs combined a diesel engine with electric power transmission and lithium-ion batteries and was the world's first railcar with this type of drive. The findings from the tests were used to develop the two-car KiHa E200 hybrid multiple unit.

In 2006 it was converted into the KuMoYa E995, in which the diesel engine was replaced with a fuel cell. The diesel tank was replaced with six hydrogen tanks with a total capacity of 270 liters. In addition, the capacity of the batteries had been increased. The railcar was also tested in this form in daily operation in 2007, but there was no series production,

In 2009, the vehicle was rebuilt again, with larger batteries and a pantograph instead of the fuel cell. The batteries could be charged while driving via the overhead line and then up to 50 kilometers could be covered on non-electrified routes. At the time when test operations were conducted entirely on non-electrified lines, a stationary charging facility was built with a fixed conductor above the track. In this form, the vehicle formed the basis for the two-car EV-E301.

VariantKiYa E991KuMoYa E995KuMoYa E995 rebuilt
General
Built200320062009
ManufacturerTokyu Car
Axle configB-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length65 ft 7 3/8 in
Power
Power sourcediesel hybridfuel cell + batteryelectric - battery + DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power255 hp (190 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Fuel71 us gal (hydrogen)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
battery
fuel cell
prototype
last changed: 05/2022
JR East HB-E300
Japan | 2010 | 18 cars built
Four-car train of the Shirakami-Buna route
Four-car train of the Shirakami-Buna route
Kiku cha

The HB-E300 is one of the so-called resort trains, which are used to undertake excursions on routes that are attractive to tourists. It is based on the E200 hybrid railcar, which was only built three times. There is a 331 kW diesel engine in each car, which is supported by batteries and is only started when necessary.

A total of six sets of the HB-E300 were built, half of which consist of two cars and half of which consist of four cars. Almost every train is used on a different line, only two two-car sets are used on the “Resort Asunaro” route, which were the first to be modernized in 2023. Depending on the line, the interior also has a dining car or compartments.

Varianttwo-carfour-car
General
Built2010-2019
ManufacturerJR East, Niigata Tekkō, Tokyu Car
Axle config2-B+2-B 2-B+2-B+2-B+2-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats79158
Dimensions and Weights
Length138 ft 5 7/16 in276 ft 10 13/16 in
Empty weight179,897 lbs359,574 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - battery + range extender
Top speed62 mph
EngineDMF 15HZB-G
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese14x 6-cyl. diesel
Engine output510 hp (380 kW)1,019 hp (760 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
local
regional
tourist train
last changed: 01/2024
JR East HB-E210
Japan | 2014 | 8 produced
Train 5531D in 2015 in Rikuzen-sanno
Train 5531D in 2015 in Rikuzen-sanno
ttzshirasawa

The HB-E210 is a diesel hybrid multiple unit for use in commuter traffic on the Senseki-Tōhoku line The KiHa E200 hybrid train was used as a basis, but this is built for use in rural areas. Adjustments therefore had to be made, especially in the interior. Eight two-car sets were built and have been in use since 2015.

The powertrain works on the same principle as the E200. Each car has a 331 kW diesel engine and batteries with a capacity of 15.2 kWh. Since it is a serial hybrid, the engine always charges the battery directly, which is also charged via recuperation when braking. The two traction motors per car are then always powered by the battery.

General
Built2014-2015
ManufacturerJ-TREC
Axle config2-B+2-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats90
Dimensions and Weights
Length131 ft 2 13/16 in
Empty weight171,960 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel hybrid
Hourly power510 hp (380 kW)
Top speed62 mph
EngineDMF 15HZB-G
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output888 hp (662 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
local
regional
last changed: 03/2024
JR East “Train Suite Shiki-shima”
Japan | 2016 | only one produced
On the Nikko line in June 2017
On the Nikko line in June 2017
Ten-nen Gas

The “Train Suite Shiki-shima” is a luxury train that offers two- to four-day tours on scenic routes. In order to be able to run on different lines, it has the equipment for direct and alternating current and two additional diesel engines, each with 1,800 kW. The design was drawn by Ken Okuyama. The train has a total of ten suite, dining and observation cars and has a total capacity of just 34 passengers. Tour tickets can cost up to $10,000 per person.

General
Built2016
ManufacturerKawasaki, J-TREC
Axle configB-B+B-B+B-B+2-2+2-2+ 2-2+2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats34
Dimensions and Weights
Length682 ft 5 in
Service weight1,182,999 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC + diesel-electric
Electric system20,000 V 50 Hz, 20,000 V 60 Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Hourly power4,506 hp (3,360 kW)
Top speed68 mph
EngineDML57Z-G (MTU 12V 4000 R43L)
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Engine output4,828 hp (3,600 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
long distance
regional
tourist train
last changed: 07/2023
JR Freight class M250
Japan | 2002 | 2 produced
M250 in service for the Sagawa Express
M250 in service for the Sagawa Express
Rs1421
General
Built2002-2003
ManufacturerKawasaki, Nippon Sharyō, Toshiba
Axle configB-B+B-B+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+B-B+B-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length669 ft 11 3/8 in
Length loco66 ft 7 3/16 in
Empty weight895,076 lbs
Service weight1,604,963 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power4,720 hp (3,520 kW)
Top speed81 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
freight railcar
last changed: 09 2023
JR West class 683
Japan | 2001 | 270 cars built
A three-car series 2000 unit with gangways in front of a longer unit
A three-car series 2000 unit with gangways in front of a longer unit
Vu~orufu
Train with streamlined heads
Train with streamlined heads
Train命

As a replacement for the class 485 trains, JR West procured the class 683 in multiple series, which can also be used with direct and alternating current. The trains consist of three, five, six or nine cars. The end cars were built with either a streamlined head shape or with transitional doors. Most variants are approved for 130 km/h, only the 8000 series is approved for 160 km/h. A number of vehicles have had their AC equipment removed, allowing them to operate under 1,500 volts DC only and are designated class 289.

Variantseries 1000, 2000, 3000 thiree-carseries 1000, 2000, 3000 six-carseries 4000, 5000, 8000 three-carseries 4000, 5000, 8000 nine-car
General
Built2001-2011
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki, Kinki Sharyō
Axle config2-2+B-B+2-2 2-2+2-2+B-B+2-2+2-2+B-B 2-2+B-B+2-2 2-2+2-2+B-B+2-2+B-B+2-2+2-2+2-2+B-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats536
Dimensions and Weights
Length206 ft 7 15/16 in410 ft 1 1/4 in206 ft 7 15/16 in613 ft 6 5/8 in
Empty weight765,665 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC
Electric system20,000 V 60 Hz, 1,500 V
Hourly power1,314 hp (980 kW)2,628 hp (1,960 kW)1,368 hp (1,020 kW)4,104 hp (3,060 kW)
Top speed81 mph99 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
multi-system
regional
long distance
last changed: 07/2023
JR West KiHa 120
Japan | 1991 | 89 produced
120 333 in December 2009 in Fuchu
120 333 in December 2009 in Fuchu
Variantseries 0series 200series 300
General
Built1991-1996
ManufacturerJR West (Gotō), Niigata Tekkō
Axle config2-B
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats49
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 5 3/4 in151 ft 10 13/16 in
Empty weight61,068 lbs58,863 lbs61,068 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed59 mph
EngineKomatsu SA6D125H-1
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output326 hp (243 kW)247 hp (184 kW)326 hp (243 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
last changed: 09 2023
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