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Shinkansen High Speed Trains[Inhalt]
Shinkansen series 0
Japan | 1964 | 3,216 cars built
A trainset in Higashi-Hiroshima station
A trainset in Higashi-Hiroshima station
Nadate

The first series of the Shinkansen, which initially had no separate designation due to the lack of a successor, was built from 1964. With a top speed of 220 km/h, it was the fastest train in the world. This was achieved by driving each axle in each car with a 185 kW motor, thus always achieving the same power-to-weight ratio regardless of the number of cars. Every second car had a pantograph, so any combination with an even number of cars was possible. The design of the trains, with their streamlined fronts and white livery with blue stripes on the window band and in the lower area, became known worldwide.

The number of cars per train was initially twelve and changed over time as needed. The original trains consisted of two bistro cars, two first class cars and eight second class cars. Some batches received only one first-class carriage and an additional second-class carriage. Due to the increasing passenger numbers, the trains were extended to 16 cars from 1969 with four additional second-class cars. In some cases, a buffet car was replaced by a dining car and between 1988 and 2001 there were even cinema cars. After the introduction of newer trains, the Shinkansen of the 0 series were also used as reinforcements during the holiday season and sometimes ran with four or six cars. A total of 3,216 cars were built up to 1986. Since the service life of the vehicles was only 15 to 20 years due to the high strain, the highest number of carriages in use at the same time was 2,338 in 1976, spread among 146 trains. In 2008 the last train was decommissioned.

Variantfour-carsixteen-car
General
Built1964-1986
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki, Kinki Sharyō, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Tokyu Car
Axle configB-B+B-B+B-B+B-B B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats3071401
Dimensions and Weights
Length329 ft 0 13/16 in1313 ft 3 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Empty weight551,155 lbs2,138,481 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 60 Hz
Top speed137 mph
Engine output3,969 hp (2,960 kW)19,311 hp (14,400 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
last changed: 01/2022
Shinkansen series 100
Japan | 1985 | 1,056 cars built
Six car K set in JR West livery in January 2008
Six car K set in JR West livery in January 2008
Rsa
Variantfour-car (P set)sixteen-car (X set)with 4 double deck cars (V set)
General
Built1985-1992
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki, Nippon Sharyō, Kinki Sharyō, Tokyu Car, JR Central
Axle configB-B+B-B+B-B+B-B 2x (2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2) B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2+2-2+2-2+2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats25013211323
Dimensions and Weights
Length334 ft 11 11/16 in1319 ft 2 11/16 in
Wheelbase65 ft 7 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Empty weight455,034 lbs1,807,788 lbs1,843,944 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 60 Hz
Top speed137 mph
Engine output4,935 hp (3,680 kW)14,805 hp (11,040 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
last changed: 10 2023
Shinkansen series E3
Japan | 1995 | 41 produced
Train R18 of type E3-700 in September 2015 approaching Akayu station
Train R18 of type E3-700 in September 2015 approaching Akayu station
ttzshirasawa

The E3 series was developed for the “Mini Shinkansen” on the Komachi Line between Tokyo and Akita. This formerly cape gauge line was converted to standard gauge and the trains therefore had to comply with a smaller loading gauge. Four of the six cars are powered on all axles. The main variant known as “R-Sets” was replaced by the E6 and phased out as early as 2013. The variants 1000 and 2000 each consist of seven cars and are used on other routes. Active suspension is installed in the 2000 variant. Two trains were converted to excursion trains and designated as variant 700.

Variantsix-carseven-car
General
Built1995-2010
ManufacturerKawasaki, Tokyu Car
Axle configB-B+B-B+2-2+2-2+B-B+B-B B-B+B-B+2-2+B-B+2-2+B-B+B-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats361417
Dimensions and Weights
Length421 ft 7 1/16 in487 ft 8 3/8 in
Empty weight568,792 lbs679,023 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system20,000 V 50 Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz
Top speed171 mph
Engine output6,437 hp (4,800 kW)8,046 hp (6,000 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
multi-system
last changed: 05/2023
Shinkansen series 700
Japan | 1997 | 91 produced
700 series Shinkansen at Nishi-Akashi station in August 2010
700 series Shinkansen at Nishi-Akashi station in August 2010
Takeshi Kuboki
Varianteight-carsixteen-car
General
Built1997-2006
ManufacturerNippon Sharyō, Kawasaki, Hitachi, Kinki Sharyō
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 2x (2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats5711323
Dimensions and Weights
Length671 ft 7 1/16 in1327 ft 9 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Empty weight784,845 lbs1,560,871 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 60 Hz
Top speed177 mph
Engine output8,851 hp (6,600 kW)17,701 hp (13,200 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
last changed: 10 2023
Shinkansen series N700
Japan | 2005 | 91 produced
Shinkansen N700 der Serie 2000 bei der Durchfahrt durch den Bahnhof Shin-Shimonoseki im September 2014
Shinkansen N700 der Serie 2000 bei der Durchfahrt durch den Bahnhof Shin-Shimonoseki im September 2014
Cheng-en Cheng
Varianteight- car (E set)sixteen-car (B set)
General
Builtsince 2005
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki, Kinki Sharyō, Nippon Sharyō
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 2x (2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats546/1.323
Dimensions and Weights
Length671 ft 7 1/16 in1327 ft 9 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 7/16 in
Empty weight815,709 lbs1,576,303 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 60 Hz
Top speed162 mph186 mph
Engine output13,088 hp (9,760 kW)22,905 hp (17,080 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
last changed: 10 2023
Shinkansen series E5 and H5
Japan | 2009 | more than 59 produced
Pre-production train S11, which was later converted to the state of the series vehicles, in June 2010 in Morioka
Pre-production train S11, which was later converted to the state of the series vehicles, in June 2010 in Morioka
sukhoi37

To replace the 200 and E1 series trains, JR East had Kawasaki and Hitachi develop the series E5. It came directly from the test train of the 954 series, which was also called “FASTECH 360” and was supposed to reach a speed of 360 km/h in regular operation. For testing purposes, this had a streamlined nose at one end and an arrow-shaped nose at the other, which was 15 meters long.

The production trains consist of ten cars and have the arrow-shaped nose, but shortened here to 14 meters. This reduces wind noise at high speeds and the tunnel bang. Only the control cars are not driven, all middle cars have four powered axles. Regular operation began in 2011 with a limit of 300 km/h.

On the Akita Shinkansen, the trains were used in double with the E3 series and were limited to 275 km/h. Since the E6 replaced the E3 there, this problem no longer exists. From 2013, the E5 was generally approved for 320 km/h. For use on Hokkaido, four sets were created that are specially adapted for the cold climate and are designated H5. They also have tilting technology that allows an inclination of up to five degrees. Theoretically, curves with a radius of 4,000 meters can be negotiated at 320 km/h, although the line has a speed limit of 260 km/h.

An export order was found from India for the 508 km high-speed route Mumbai-Ahmedabad. There, 24 sets are to be used that are specially adapted to the hot climate. The first test runs are planned for 2026 and the entire route should be open in 2028.

General
Builtsince 2009
ManufacturerKawasaki, Hitachi
Axle config2-2+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B+2-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats731
Dimensions and Weights
Length830 ft 0 5/8 in
Empty weight999,795 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz
Top speed199 mph
Engine output13,357 hp (9,960 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
last changed: 01/2023
Kikan Kahen Densha - Gauge Change Train
Japan | 1998 | 3 produced
Second generation GCT in March 2012 at the Yosan line near Kanonji
Second generation GCT in March 2012 at the Yosan line near Kanonji
Mitsuki-2368
Variantgeneration 1generation 2generation 3
General
Built199820062014
ManufacturerKawasaki, Kinki Sharyō, Tokyu Car
Axle configB-B+B-B+B-B B-B+B-B+B-B+B-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length218 ft 8 in285 ft 11 1/8 in
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system20,000 V 50 Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz
Hourly power3,058 hp (2,280 kW)4,077 hp (3,040 kW)
Top speed186 mph168 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
high speed train
long distance
prototype
variable gauge
last changed: 10 2023
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