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German Reichsbahn E 63
German Federal Railway class 163
Germany | 1935 | 8 produced
The E 63 02, which is operational again today, in September 2013 in Göppingen
The E 63 02, which is operational again today, in September 2013 in Göppingen
Werner & Hansjörg Brutzer

Since there was a further need for electric shunting locomotives after the procurement of the E 60, additional locomotives were to be ordered for southern Germany. Although the E 60 served its purpose, the company wanted to take advantage of the advances in development and commissioned two competitors to develop a modern locomotive using assemblies from existing models. A main focus was the removal of the carrying axle in order to be able to use the entire weight of the locomotive for traction. The current state of development brought weight savings with it, which led to a three-axle design with a similar tractive power as the E 60 being considered. The chassis construction with the jackshaft and the three coupled axles was to be based on that of the E 60. The specific order now went to AEG on the one hand and to a joint venture consisting of Krauss-Maffei and the BBC on the other.

In 1935, AEG delivered four examples of their design as road numbers E 63 01 to E 63 04. They used one of the motors, of which the E 18 had four, to power them. It achieved an hourly output of 725 kW and was given a high tractive power with a much shorter gear ratio. Due to the small size of the engine and a clever arrangement of the equipment, it was possible to keep the hoods low compared to the predecessor and thus ensure good visibility in both directions. Two engines each were stationed in Munich and Stuttgart.

The three engines from Krauss-Maffei and BBC were also delivered in 1935 and were given the numbers E 63 05 to E 63 07. They were also given a motor from a four-motor express locomotive from the same manufacturer, which in this case was the E 161. As with the E 60, the equipment was accommodated in relatively high hoods that were sloped at the ends. All three were used in Munich.

The comparison not only showed the better visibility of the AEG engines, but also the starting tractive effort of 167 kN and 118 kN differed much more despite similar hourly output. Thus, in the course of the planned electrification of further main lines and the associated stations, it was decided to procure further pieces of the AEG draft. Due to the beginning of the war, however, only the E 63 08 was built.

All eight pieces survived the Second World War. Two of them, which had been on Austrian territory, were brought back to Germany in exchange for other locomotives. There, six were used at different locations in Bavaria and two in Stuttgart. All were modernized in 1960 and redesignated as class 163 in 1968. All eight were still in service until about the mid-1970s, but their numbers then quickly dwindled and finally, in 1979, 163 002 was the last to be retired. Four engines have survived to this day, of which road number E 63 02 has been operational again since 2013.

VariantE 63 01 to 04 and 08E 63 05 to 07
General
Built1935, 19401935
ManufacturerAEGKrauss-Maffei, BBC
Axle configC 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length33 ft 5 9/16 in
Wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Service weight117,065 lbs113,317 lbs
Adhesive weight117,065 lbs113,317 lbs
Axle load39,022 lbs38,360 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz
Hourly power972 hp (725 kW)952 hp (710 kW)
Continuous power894 hp (667 kW)872 hp (650 kW)
Top speed28 mph31 mph
Starting effort37,543 lbf26,527 lbf
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
switcher
rod drive
last changed: 02/2022
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