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Belgian Steam Locomotives[Inhalt]
Belgian Railway type 10
Belgium | 1910 | 58 produced
Type 10 on a 1928 Cockerill commercial
Type 10 on a 1928 Cockerill commercial
Katalog „Les chemins de Fer Belges”

A few years before the First World War, Jean-Baptiste Flamme developed a very powerful boiler that was to be installed in a freight locomotive and an express locomotive at the same time. So from 1909 the type 36 with the 2-10-0 wheel arrangement and from 1910 the type 10 Pacific were built. Since the boiler was relatively short with a large diameter and the chassis of the Pacific naturally had a long overall wheelbase, the appearance of the Locomotive somewhat unusual with a long overhang in front of the smoke box.

The boiler had a grate area of five square meters and narrowed in front of the firebox. It delivered 2,250 hp, making the type 10 one of the most powerful Pacific locomotives in Europe. Since the bogie hardly had to carry any weight from the smoke box, the load was kept within limits despite the four cylinders with simple steam expansion. Due to the special arrangement of the cylinders, the inner cylinders were accessible from above, which made maintenance easier. Although the cylinders were in one plane, the inner ones drove the first driving axle and the outer ones the second. The problem, however, was the weight of the large firebox, which made the load of the trailing axle too high. The Type 36 didn't have this problem as the weight was carried by the coupled axles

As a result, the second batch from 1912 was delivered with a smaller grate surface in order to reduce the axle load on the trailing axle. However, this reduced the power to 1,950 hp, while the service weight of the locomotives was reduced by around four tons. A total of 58 pieces were made by 1914, when production was stopped due to the war.

Locomotive Magazine, July 1910

In the 1920s, the locomotives received double chimneys and new feed pumps. From 1931 there was a major conversion with new feedwater heaters, a larger superheater, new safety valves and smoke deflectors. The result was an output of 2,700 hp for the first batch and 2,400 hp for the second batch. 1938 followed the installation of Kylchap blast pipes. A large proportion of the engines were retired in 1956 and some continued to run on a different route for three more years.

Variantfirst batchsecond batchfirst batch rebuiltsecond batch rebuilt
General
Built1910-19121912-1914from 1931
ManufacturerCockerill, Anglo-Franco-Belge, Saint Léonard, Zimmerman & Hanrez, La Meuse, FUF Haine-Saint-Pierre, La Hestre, Tubize
Axle config4-6-2 (Pacific) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length69 ft 6 1/4 in
Wheelbase37 ft 5 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 5 7/16 in
Service weight224,871 lbs216,053 lbs253,531 lbs246,917 lbs
Adhesive weight125,663 lbs
Total weight343,039 lbs
Axle load41,888 lbs
Water capacity8,454 us gal
Fuel capacity15,432 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power2,219 hp (1,655 kW)1,924 hp (1,435 kW)2,663 hp (1,986 kW)2,367 hp (1,765 kW)
Optimal speed32 mph28 mph38 mph34 mph
Top speed75 mph
Starting effort44,597 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter78 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylindersfour, 19 11/16 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area53.8 sq ft49.3 sq ft53.8 sq ft
Firebox area215.3 sq ft
Tube heating area2,583.3 sq ft2,486.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,798.6 sq ft2,701.7 sq ft
Superheater area667.4 sq ft815.9 sq ft
Total heating area3,466 sq ft3,517.6 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
Jean-Baptiste Flamme
last changed: 06/2022
Belgian Railway type 12
Belgium | 1939 | 6 produced
No. 2003 in Schaerbeek on a postcard from 1962
No. 2003 in Schaerbeek on a postcard from 1962
www.belgisch-spoorweg.net

In 1939, the Belgian State Railways ordered Cockerill to build six streamlined Atlantics to speed up express trains between Brussels and Ostend. While this wheel arrangement was already unusual at the time, the inside cylinders with outside valve gear were also unusual. With a maximum permitted speed of 140 km/h, trial runs reached 165 km/h, while the trains often exceeded an average of more than 110 km/h. Average speeds of 120.46 km/h from station to station were also achieved, which is still the European record for steam trains to this day. When the route for which the locomotives were built was electrified, they were used on other routes. They were decommissioned by 1962 and road number 12 004 is now in the “Train World” in Schaerbeek.

General
Built1939
ManufacturerCockerill
Axle config4-4-2 (Atlantic) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length69 ft 6 1/4 in
Wheelbase32 ft 5 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 6 9/16 in
Total wheelbase57 ft 5 3/4 in
Service weight196,211 lbs
Adhesive weight100,972 lbs
Axle load52,029 lbs
Water capacity6,340 us gal
Fuel capacity17,637 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power2,467 hp (1,840 kW)
Optimal speed58 mph
Top speed87 mph
Starting effort27,175 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter82.7 in
Boiler pressure261 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 7/8 x 28 3/8 in
Boiler
Grate area40 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,728.7 sq ft
Superheater area678.1 sq ft
Total heating area2,406.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
streamline
last changed: 07/2023
Belgian Railway type 36
Belgium | 1909 | 153 produced
Locomotive Magazine, June 1910

A few years before the First World War, Jean-Baptiste Flamme developed a very powerful boiler that was to be installed in a goods and an express locomotive at the same time. From 1909 the type 36 with 2-10-0 wheel arrangement and from 1910 the Pacific of the Type 10 came into existence. The boilers differed only in the firebox, which had enough space between the last coupled axle and the trailing axle on the type 10, but had to be accommodated above the last two coupled axles on the type 36.

The very large firebox had a direct heating surface of 19 square meters and included a grate of 5.1 square meters. The long boiler tapered in front of the firebox, but still had a large diameter in the front area. It made the Type 36 the most powerful goods locomotive in Europe.

To ensure running in curves, the leading axle was combined with the first coupled axle to form a Zara steering frame, and the last coupled axle could be moved 29 mm to the side. The four cylinders were all in one plane and were only controlled by two external Heusinger valve gears for easier maintenance. The inner cylinders acted on the second coupled axle, and the outer ones on the third.

In a first series, 136 pieces were completed, 17 more followed after the First World War. 113 of the pre-war machines were rescued to France during the war, where they were not used due to their high axle loads. As early as 1915, 60 units were sold to Russia, where they were to be used on standard-gauge routes in Eastern Europe. Ultimately, they were converted to broad gauge and used in the Soviet Union until 1962.

The engines returned to Belgium were fitted with double blast pipes and longer smokeboxes in the 1920s. Together with other smaller conversions that were made up to the early forties, the service weight increased by almost four tons and the power to 2,300 hp. They were now designated type 36bis and were used until 1947.

Variantas builtrebuilt 36bis
General
Built1909-1914, 1921-1922
ManufacturerHaine-Saint-Pierre, Tubize, Boussu, Énergie
Axle config2-10-0 (Decapod) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase33 ft 2 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 1 11/16 in
Total wheelbase55 ft 2 3/4 in
Empty weight197,975 lbs
Service weight229,721 lbs238,099 lbs
Adhesive weight193,566 lbs202,825 lbs
Total weight347,889 lbs356,267 lbs
Axle load39,242 lbs40,785 lbs
Water capacity6,340 us gal
Fuel capacity15,432 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,877 hp (1,400 kW)1,911 hp (1,425 kW)
Optimal speed20 mph
Top speed37 mph
Starting effort60,897 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter57.1 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylindersfour, 19 11/16 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area54.9 sq ft
Firebox area204 sq ft
Tube heating area2,368.6 sq ft2,282.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,572.6 sq ft2,486.5 sq ft
Superheater area667.4 sq ft815.9 sq ft
Total heating area3,239.9 sq ft3,302.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
Jean-Baptiste Flamme
last changed: 06/2022
Antwerpen & Gent No. 30 and 31
Belgium | 1892 | 2 produced
No. 31 as built
No. 31 as built
Locomotive Magazine, April 1893
After the standard gauge rebuilt
After the standard gauge rebuilt
Locomotive Magazine, April 1893

The Antwerp-Ghent Railway ordered these two locomotives with the intention of later converting them to standard gauge. So they were built by the manufacturer in such a way that the wheels with a gauge of 3 ft 7 in can be removed inside the frame and reinstalled outside the frame with a gauge of 4 ft 8 1/2 in. This plan was implemented in 1899, at the same time the cab was closed and the Westinghouse air brake was retrofitted.

Variantas builtRebuilt standard gauge
General
Built18921899
ManufacturerSaint Leonard
Axle config2-4-0T (Porter) 
Gauge3 ft 7 in (Narrow gauge)4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length26 ft 3 1/2 in
Wheelbase13 ft 11 1/2 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 11 1/2 in
Empty weight63,840 lbs
Service weight77,280 lbs
Adhesive weight58,240 lbs
Axle load29,120 lbs
Water capacity793 us gal
Fuel capacity1,540 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power275 hp (205 kW)
Optimal speed18 mph
Starting effort9,875 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter55 in
Boiler pressure142 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 x 20 in
Boiler
Grate area17.8 sq ft
Firebox area76.4 sq ft
Tube heating area580 sq ft
Evaporative heating area656.4 sq ft
Total heating area656.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
tank locomotive
passenger
freight
narrow gauge
last changed: 03/2023
Belgian Railway type 12bis
Belgium | 1897 | 26 produced
Die Lokomotive, December 1917

In order to be able to burn cheap coal with the smallest fragments, the Belgian State Railways needed a large firebox for their express locomotives. This also applied to the type 12bis, which was based on the type 12 from 1888 and where the “bis” stood for “second”. In order to achieve the required power, the grate area had to be further increased to 4.7 square meters or 50 square feet

On the 12bis, too, the firebox consisted of a narrow, front part between the wheels of the second driving axle and a wide, rear part above the trailing axle. It still had outside frames, as well as serve tubes and a conical chimney. It was said to run smoothly even at 110 km/h (68 mph)

General
Built1897
ManufacturerCockerill
Axle config2-4-2 (Columbia) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco35 ft 4 3/16 in
Wheelbase21 ft 6 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase21 ft 6 7/16 in
Empty weight101,413 lbs
Service weight108,467 lbs
Adhesive weight58,092 lbs
Total weight184,968 lbs
Axle load29,652 lbs
Water capacity3,698 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Starting effort16,375 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter82.7 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 19 11/16 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area50.7 sq ft
Firebox area134.5 sq ft
Tube heating area1,207.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,342 sq ft
Total heating area1,342 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
Alfred Belpaire
last changed: 01/2024
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