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Polish Railcars and Multiple Units[Inhalt]
Polish State Railways Luxtorpeda
Poland | 1933 | 6 produced
Luxtorpeda in 1936 in Zakopane in front of the 1,895 m () high Giewont
Luxtorpeda in 1936 in Zakopane in front of the 1,895 m () high Giewont
Polnisches Nationalarchiv
Variantpetroldiesel
General
Built1933-1939
ManufacturerAustro-Daimler, Fablok
Axle config1A-A1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats7456
Dimensions and Weights
Length73 ft 9 13/16 in
Service weight43,211 lbs48,502 lbs
Power
Power sourcepetrol-hydraulicdiesel-hydraulic
Top speed62 mph71 mph
EnginePuchMAN D4086
Engine type2x 6-cyl. petrol2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output158 hp (118 kW)247 hp (184 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
petrol railcar
DMU
local
regional
last changed: 08 2023
Polish State Railways EN57
Pafawag 5B and 6B
Poland | 1961 | 1,412 produced
EN57 1810 in May 2014
EN57 1810 in May 2014
Adam Kilian

The EN57 is a three-car electric multiple unit built for the Polish State Railways between 1961 and 1993. They were designed for commuter and suburban traffic and therefore have a high number of doors on either side. Each set is composed of a central power car with four traction motors and a control car at each end.

A total of 1,412 were constructed, which have a power of 580, 700 or 1,000 kW depending on construction year. Additionally, 20 were produced as four-car EN71 and 30 EN57 were rebuilt. Many are still operational today with the regional operators. Most of these have been modernised, often with new fronts or even totally new car bodies.

General
Built1961-1993
ManufacturerPafawag
Axle config2-2+B-B+2-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats188
Dimensions and Weights
Length213 ft 1 7/8 in
Service weight278,884 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V
Hourly power778 hp (580 kW)
Top speed68 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
local
last changed: 05/2024
Polish State Railways series MBxd2
Poland | 1984 | 32 produced
MBxd2-212 on the 750mm network of the Zulawska Kolej Dojazdowa southeast of Gdańsk
MBxd2-212 on the 750mm network of the Zulawska Kolej Dojazdowa southeast of Gdańsk
Grzegorz W. Tezycki

To modernize traffic on narrow-gauge railways, PKP had a railcar developed by FAUR in Romania. In the years 1984 to 1986 a total of twelve vehicles for meter gauge and 20 for 750 mm gauge were built. At the same time, 100 passenger cars were built that looked similar to the MBxd2. However, these were mostly pulled by locomotives and only very sporadically attached to the railcars. After passenger traffic had been discontinued on many narrow-gauge railways around the turn of the millennium, some private companies took over the vehicles and used them again on these lines.

General
Built1984-1986
ManufacturerFAUR
Axle configB-2 
Gauge2 ft 5 1/2 in, 3 ft 3 3/8 in (Meter gauge)
Seats39
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 2 3/4 in
Service weight53,793 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed37 mph
EngineRaba-MAN D2516HMU
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output189 hp (141 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
railbus
local
last changed: 07/2023
Pesa Link
Polish State Railways SA139, DB AG classes 631 to 633 and Czech Railways class 844
Poland | 2012 | more than 139 produced
DB Regio 632 113 in July 2019 in Herne
DB Regio 632 113 in July 2019 in Herne
Clic

The Link is a modular diesel multiple unit from the Polish manufacturer Pesa, which can be ordered with one to four cars and with different entry heights. The two-car variant is powered by two MTU six-cylinder engines with 390 kW each, while the others use one or two twelve-cylinder engines with 565 or 625 kW each. In Germany in particular, there were various technical problems and problems with certification, which were related, among other things, to the loading gauge being exceeded. As a result, some orders were canceled and the start of operations for some customers was delayed until 2018. A DB framework contract for up to 470 vehicles expired after 73 vehicles were called off.

Variantsingle-cartwo-carthree-car
General
Builtsince 2012
ManufacturerPesa
Axle configB-2 B-2-B B-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats80150190
Dimensions and Weights
Length93 ft 11 15/16 in143 ft 5 5/8 in187 ft 5 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 10 11/16 in
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed87 mph
EngineMTU 12V 1600 R70PLMTU 6H 1800 R85LMTU 12V 1600 R70PL
Engine typeV12 diesel2x 6-cyl. diese12x V12 diesel
Engine output758 hp (565 kW)1,046 hp (780 kW)1,676 hp (1,250 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
regional
local
last changed: 09/2023
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