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Medium Diesel-Electric Freight Locomotives[Inhalt]
China Railway DF5
Dōngfēng 5
China | 1976 | 1,136 produced
Third Generation from Sifang in June 2010 in Nanchang
Third Generation from Sifang in June 2010 in Nanchang
Alancrh

Since new, powerful switching locomotives were needed in the seventies, which were also to be used like a road switcher, a new locomotive was developed on the basis of the DF4. Depending on the variant, the top speed is 80 or 100 km/h. With six axles and half the power compared to the DF4, it is more optimized for higher tractive forces at low speed. A V8 was made out of the V16 engine, but this was not convincing and lead to only 32 of the first generation being built. Soon the engine was developed into an inline 8-cylinder, which had better characteristics.

A member of the second generation
A member of the second generation
Shunyan Gu

Some locomotives were built in broad gauge to be used for switching in the border area with Russia. By 2006 more than 1,100 locomotives had been built, the latest generation of which has 1,800 hp instead of 1,650 and is produced by Sifang with many other improvements. Above all, it includes many innovations in the field of electronics. Today, the DF5 is the most common type of its kind in China, and North Korea also uses a few.

Variantfirst generationsecond generationthird generation
General
Built1976-19801984-20012001-2006
ManufacturerTangshan, Dalian, SifangSifang
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge), 4 ft 11 13/16 in (Russian broad gauge)4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 5 3/8 in61 ft 8 3/16 in63 ft 7 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 9 3/4 in
Service weight264,554 lbs297,624 lbs304,238 lbs
Adhesive weight264,554 lbs297,624 lbs304,238 lbs
Axle load44,092 lbs49,604 lbs50,706 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed62 mph50 mph62 mph
Starting effort78,458 lbf89,249 lbf97,792 lbf
Engine8V240ZJ8240ZJ8240ZJC
Engine typeV8 diesel8-cyl. diesel
Fuel1,321 us gal (diesel)1,453 us gal (diesel)1,585 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,623 hp (1,210 kW)1,776 hp (1,324 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 08/2023
Electro-Motive Company F series
FT, F2, F3, F7, FP7, F9 and FP9
United States | 1939 | 7,582 produced
The “Moring Hiawatha” in January 1966 with two A and one B unit at Lake, Wisconsin
The “Moring Hiawatha” in January 1966 with two A and one B unit at Lake, Wisconsin
Roger Puta
A four-part F3 in 1972 in a Santa Fe freight yard
A four-part F3 in 1972 in a Santa Fe freight yard
Roger Puta
VariantFT, F2F3, F7F9FP9
General
Built1939-19461946-19531953-19601956-1960
ManufacturerElectro-Motive Division
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 3 in54 ft 8 in50 ft 8 in55 ft 2 1/4 in
Wheelbase35 ft 6 in39 ft43 ft
Fixed wheelbase9 ft
Service weight228,000 lbs234,000 lbs230,000 lbs260,000 lbs
Adhesive weight228,000 lbs234,000 lbs230,000 lbs260,000 lbs
Axle load57,000 lbs58,500 lbs57,500 lbs65,000 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed75 mph65 mph105 mph
Starting effort55,000 lbf64,000 lbf55,000 lbf
EngineEMD 16-567 oder 16-567AEMD 16-567BEMD 16-567C
Engine typeV16 diesel
Fuel1,200 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,350 hp (1,007 kW)1,501 hp (1,119 kW)1,750 hp (1,305 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
passenger
last changed: 09 2023
Italian State Railway D.345
Italy | 1970 | 145 produced
An example in modern livery in August 2013 in Peschiera del Garda
An example in modern livery in August 2013 in Peschiera del Garda
Vale93b
General
Built1970-1979
ManufacturerFIAT, Breda, SOFER
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length43 ft 5 1/4 in
Wheelbase31 ft 4 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 5 3/16 in
Service weight136,686 lbs
Adhesive weight136,686 lbs
Axle load341,716 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed81 mph
EngineFIAT 218SSF
Engine typeV8 diesel
Engine output1,328 hp (990 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Queensland Railways class 1300
Australia | 1967 | 45 produced
No. 1343 in June 1978 at Rockhampton, Queensland
No. 1343 in June 1978 at Rockhampton, Queensland
Steven Haby collection / www.flickr.com
General
Built1967-1972
ManufacturerEnglish Electric
Axle configC-C 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 0 in
Wheelbase38 ft
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 10 1/2 in
Service weight198,016 lbs
Adhesive weight198,016 lbs
Axle load33,600 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort60,000 lbf
EngineEnglish Electric 12CSVT Mk II
Engine typeV12 diesel
Engine output1,950 hp (1,454 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 09 2023
Rhaetian Railway Gmf 4/4 II
Switzerland | 2013 | 4 produced
No. 23403
No. 23403
Peter elektro
General
Built2013
ManufacturerSchalker Eisenhütte
Axle configB-B 
Gauge3 ft 3 3/8 in (Meter gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length54 ft 9 1/16 in
Wheelbase39 ft 8 3/8 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 6 9/16 in
Service weight141,096 lbs
Adhesive weight141,096 lbs
Axle load35,274 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort51,706 lbf
EngineMTU 12V 4000 R43L
Engine typeV12 diesel
Engine output2,414 hp (1,800 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
work train
three-phase AC
last changed: 10 2023
Swedish State Railways T44
Green Cargo Td
Sweden | 1968 | 123 produced
Green Cargo T44 No. 391 in May 2011 in the Stockholm area
Green Cargo T44 No. 391 in May 2011 in the Stockholm area
Hugh Llewelyn

From 1968 onwards, the SJ had the T44 built for light freight traffic, which has four axles and a central cab. The engine is an EMD 645 series two-stroke with twelve cylinders. With a production run of 123 in 21 years, it is the most numerous diesel locomotive that the SJ has ever purchased. In addition to freight traffic, they were also used in shunting and, if necessary, in front of passenger trains. In the new millennium, a large number came to private operators, most of them to Green Cargo. The decision was made there in 2007 to equip 100 locomotives with new four-stroke engines and to modernize them in other areas. By 2012, 62 units had been rebuilt in this form and were now given the designation Td.

General
Built1968-1987
ManufacturerNoHAB, Kalmar Verkstad
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length50 ft 6 5/16 in
Service weight167,551 lbs
Adhesive weight167,551 lbs
Axle load41,888 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort49,458 lbf
EngineEMD 12-645E
Engine typeV12 diesel
Engine output1,656 hp (1,235 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 11/2023
South African class 36-200
| 1980 | 107 produced
36-230 in front of 36-214 in August 2006 in Durban
36-230 in front of 36-214 in August 2006 in Durban
Col André Kritzinger
General
Built1980-1991
ManufacturerGeneral Motors South Africa, GM-Astarsa
Axle configB-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length46 ft 3 7/8 in
Wheelbase32 ft 5 15/16 in
Service weight158,733 lbs
Adhesive weight158,733 lbs
Axle load40,234 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort39,566 lbf
EngineEMD 8-645E
Engine typeV8 diesel
Fuel594 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,140 hp (850 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Soviet Railways series ТЭ1
Soviet Union | 1947 | 298 produced
Preserved ТЭ1-20-135 in St. Petersburg
Preserved ТЭ1-20-135 in St. Petersburg
Vitaly V.Kuzmin

The first diesel locomotives were already being built in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, but these were only built as prototypes or in very small numbers. When the production of the Ээл was stopped after 46 examples in 1941, no more diesel locomotives were built in the country. ALCO and Baldwin locomotives were soon ordered in the USA, with ALCO's RSD-1 prevailing. Of the 70 pieces sent to the Soviet Union, 68 actually arrived and some continued to serve until the 1980s. After the end of the war, the decision was made to build own locomotives based on the RSD-1 as soon as the locomotive factory in Charkiv was rebuilt. The production of the engine using new production methods presented a challenge, but finally the first locomotive of the series initially designated ТЭ1-20 (TE1-20) was delivered in 1947. The designation was made up of “diesel-electric number 1” and the axle load of around 20 tonnes. Later the 20 was omitted from the designation.

Generally speaking, the ТЭ1 corresponded to the RSD-1, which was in service in the Soviet Union as Дa. The engine was essentially the same as the ALCO 539T and, like this, delivered 1,000 hp. The other assemblies were mostly adopted with minimal changes, but first converted to the metric system and thus deviated by a few millimeters from the American parts. Not only in general construction, but also in optical details, the Soviet locomotive corresponded almost completely to its prototype. This meant a wide driver's cab with a barrel-shaped roof at one end of the locomotive, followed by a narrower, long and short body respectively. The existing American-made locomotives were gradually retrofitted with assemblies based on the metric system as part of maintenance work and were thus adapted to the ТЭ1.

The diesel locomotives were often used in regions where the water supply for steam locomotives was difficult. Some were also used in the greater Moscow area or for shunting, and by 1950 almost 300 examples had been built. The ТЭ5 was built in small numbers as a variant for extremely cold climates. The driver's cab was extended with a longer housing, which protected the engine, including the turbocharger, and the battery from the cold. To test the use of coal in diesel engines, 16 examples were converted to gas generator locomotives ТЭ1Г and dismantled again after the end of the trials. The shunting locomotive ТЭМ1 followed only eight years after the end of production of the ТЭ1, whose developments with a similar appearance are still being built today. The direct successor to the ТЭ1 was the ТЭ2, which used almost the same technology but consisted of two sections.

General
Built1947-1950
ManufacturerCharkow
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 11 13/16 in (Russian broad gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 5 1/16 in
Wheelbase42 ft 3 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 3 1/16 in
Service weight273,152 lbs
Adhesive weight273,152 lbs
Axle load45,636 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed59 mph
Starting effort35,295 lbf
EngineD50
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel1,360 us gal (diesel)
Engine output987 hp (736 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 02/2022
Czech Railways class 753.7
Czech Republic | 2008 | 106 produced
753 756 in February 2020 in Havlíckuv Brod
753 756 in February 2020 in Havlíckuv Brod
Pohled 111
General
Built2008-2010
ManufacturerCZ Loko
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length54 ft 3 3/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 4 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 10 1/2 in
Service weight158,733 lbs
Adhesive weight158,733 lbs
Axle load39,683 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort45,411 lbf
EngineCaterpillar 3512 B DI-TA
Engine typeV12 diesel
Fuel660 us gal (diesel)
Engine output2,079 hp (1,550 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Czechoslovak State Railways class T 669
Czech Railways and Slovak Railway classes 770 and 771
Czechoslovakia | 1967 | 364 produced
771.099 in June 2011 in Ostrava
771.099 in June 2011 in Ostrava
PetrS.

In 1963, CKD began supplying a diesel locomotive for heavy shunting and local freight trains, of which around 8,200 were ultimately built for several Eastern Bloc countries. They were designated ЧМЭ3 in the Soviet Union, which led to the nickname “Cmelak” (bumblebee) in Czechoslovakia. The CSD tested one locomotive in 1963 and decided to order more locomotives with adjustments to their own requirements.

The basic design of these locomotives corresponded to American road switchers. This means they had a supporting frame, narrower, taller hoods and a cab that was shifted towards one end. This layout was created at the request of the Soviet Union, since they had already received locomotives from ALCO in World War II. Like the American locomotives, they had a medium-speed diesel engine with a displacement of 163 liters and a turbocharger. In contrast to these, however, the cab was relatively well insulated and soundproofed.

Due to a lack of production capacity at CKD, the first production locomotives for the CSD were not made until 1967 at SMZ in Dubnica in what is now Slovakia. Around 120 examples were built there until 1969, when a new type of bogie suspension was developed. The modified variant was built a total of 324 times by 1972. The older ones were named T 669.0 and the newer ones T 669.1 to distinguish them. In 1977 and 1979, CSD received a T 669.0 each from CKD. A total of 25 of the two variants were built for the 1,520 mm broad gauge, which had to shunt freight trains from the Soviet Union weighing up to 4,000 tonnes in the east of the country.

The T 669.2001 was built with an engine that was set at 1,500 hp but later reset. When the numbering system was changed in 1988, the T 669.0 and T 669.1 were renumbered as the classes 770 and 771. In the Czech Republic, the CD retired the locomotives by 2005 because shunting locomotives of this size were no longer needed. The situation was similar in Slovakia, but the broad-gauge machines were still needed in the east, and they were also occasionally used after 2010. Others were sold to private customers and some were fitted with more modern engines.

VariantT 669.0T 669.1
General
Built1967-1969, 1977-19791968-1972
ManufacturerČKD, SMZ
Axle configC-C 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length56 ft 6 3/4 in
Wheelbase41 ft 6 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in
Service weight252,649 lbs255,295 lbs
Adhesive weight252,649 lbs255,295 lbs
Axle load42,108 lbs42,549 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed59 mph
Starting effort62,947 lbf
EngineCKD K 6 S 310 DR
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Fuel1,585 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,333 hp (994 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
switcher
freight
last changed: 01/2023
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