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Diesel-Hybrid Multiple Units[Inhalt]
JR East NE Train
Japan | 2003 | only one produced
KiYa E991-1 hybrid diesel railcar at the Omiya depot
KiYa E991-1 hybrid diesel railcar at the Omiya depot
DAJF

In April 2003, JR East, in partnership with the Railway Technical Research Institute, introduced the “New Energy Train” powered by a diesel hybrid system. It was based on the E127-100 class two-car EMU and was officially designated the KiYa E991. The single railcar with two driver's cabs combined a diesel engine with electric power transmission and lithium-ion batteries and was the world's first railcar with this type of drive. The findings from the tests were used to develop the two-car KiHa E200 hybrid multiple unit.

In 2006 it was converted into the KuMoYa E995, in which the diesel engine was replaced with a fuel cell. The diesel tank was replaced with six hydrogen tanks with a total capacity of 270 liters. In addition, the capacity of the batteries had been increased. The railcar was also tested in this form in daily operation in 2007, but there was no series production,

In 2009, the vehicle was rebuilt again, with larger batteries and a pantograph instead of the fuel cell. The batteries could be charged while driving via the overhead line and then up to 50 kilometers could be covered on non-electrified routes. At the time when test operations were conducted entirely on non-electrified lines, a stationary charging facility was built with a fixed conductor above the track. In this form, the vehicle formed the basis for the two-car EV-E301.

VariantKiYa E991KuMoYa E995KuMoYa E995 rebuilt
General
Built200320062009
ManufacturerTokyu Car
Axle configB-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length65 ft 7 3/8 in
Power
Power sourcediesel hybridfuel cell + batteryelectric - battery + DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power255 hp (190 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Fuel71 us gal (hydrogen)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
battery
fuel cell
prototype
last changed: 05/2022
JR East HB-E210
Japan | 2014 | 8 produced
Train 5531D in 2015 in Rikuzen-sanno
Train 5531D in 2015 in Rikuzen-sanno
ttzshirasawa

The HB-E210 is a diesel hybrid multiple unit for use in commuter traffic on the Senseki-Tōhoku line The KiHa E200 hybrid train was used as a basis, but this is built for use in rural areas. Adjustments therefore had to be made, especially in the interior. Eight two-car sets were built and have been in use since 2015.

The powertrain works on the same principle as the E200. Each car has a 331 kW diesel engine and batteries with a capacity of 15.2 kWh. Since it is a serial hybrid, the engine always charges the battery directly, which is also charged via recuperation when braking. The two traction motors per car are then always powered by the battery.

General
Built2014-2015
ManufacturerJ-TREC
Axle config2-B+2-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats90
Dimensions and Weights
Length131 ft 2 13/16 in
Empty weight171,960 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel hybrid
Hourly power510 hp (380 kW)
Top speed62 mph
EngineDMF 15HZB-G
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output888 hp (662 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
local
regional
last changed: 03/2024
JR East HB-E300
Japan | 2010 | 18 cars built
Four-car train of the Shirakami-Buna route
Four-car train of the Shirakami-Buna route
Kiku cha

The HB-E300 is one of the so-called resort trains, which are used to undertake excursions on routes that are attractive to tourists. It is based on the E200 hybrid railcar, which was only built three times. There is a 331 kW diesel engine in each car, which is supported by batteries and is only started when necessary.

A total of six sets of the HB-E300 were built, half of which consist of two cars and half of which consist of four cars. Almost every train is used on a different line, only two two-car sets are used on the “Resort Asunaro” route, which were the first to be modernized in 2023. Depending on the line, the interior also has a dining car or compartments.

Varianttwo-carfour-car
General
Built2010-2019
ManufacturerJR East, Niigata Tekkō, Tokyu Car
Axle config2-B+2-B 2-B+2-B+2-B+2-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats79158
Dimensions and Weights
Length138 ft 5 7/16 in276 ft 10 13/16 in
Empty weight179,897 lbs359,574 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - battery + range extender
Top speed62 mph
EngineDMF 15HZB-G
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese14x 6-cyl. diesel
Engine output510 hp (380 kW)1,019 hp (760 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
local
regional
tourist train
last changed: 01/2024
JR West Smart BEST
Japan | 2012 | only one produced
In September 2014 as Hello Kitty Wakayama Train
In September 2014 as Hello Kitty Wakayama Train
Kansai explorer
General
Built2012
ManufacturerKinki Sharyō
Axle configB-B+2-2 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats103
Dimensions and Weights
Length131 ft 2 13/16 in
Power
Power sourceelectric - battery + range extender
Hourly power805 hp (600 kW)
Top speed62 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
hybrid
local
regional
prototype
last changed: 09 2023
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