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Railbuses[Inhalt]
Belgian Railway types 553 and 554
later MW 49 and 46
Belgium | 1942 | 70 produced
Preserved 4602 in 2007 in Ciney
Preserved 4602 in 2007 in Ciney
Spoorjan

During the Second World War, the Belgian State Railways had 50 type 553 railbuses manufactured at Brossel. They represented the third generation of railbuses from this manufacturer and were based on a prototype from 1939, which had been designated as type 552. Although the vehicles were not much longer than the German railbuses of the post-war period, they had two bogies, each of which a powered inner axle. The power for this came from an eight-cylinder in-line engine, which, like the vehicles, came directly from Brossel.

Some of the 50 vehicles of the type 553 were destroyed during the war, which is why initially ten and later another ten of the successor type 554 were built from 1950. These differed from their predecessors not only with a different car body, but also with better insulation and the toilet. While the older vehicles were later redesignated as MW 49, the newer ones became MW 46. In the 1970s, the latter received new two-stroke diesel engines from Detroit diesel with only 178 hp instead of 226 hp. The vehicles were phased out between 1985 and 1994, some of them were later used in construction trains. Only two of the 50 units of the type 553 were preserved, while about half of the 20 units of the class 554 are still preserved today.

Variant553554554 re-engined
General
Built19421950-1952
ManufacturerBrossel
Axle config1A-A1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 5 5/16 in53 ft 1 13/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 10 1/8 in38 ft 3 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase5 ft 4 15/16 in
Empty weight73,414 lbs71,871 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed41 mph50 mph
EngineBrosselDetroit Diesel 8-71
Engine type8-cyl. diesel
Engine output223 hp (166 kW)176 hp (131 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
last changed: 01/2022
German Federal Railway VT 95
later class 795
Germany | 1950 | 582 produced
VT 95 240 at the “150 Years of German Railways” vehicle show in 1985 in Bochum-Dahlhausen
VT 95 240 at the “150 Years of German Railways” vehicle show in 1985 in Bochum-Dahlhausen
Manfred Kopka

In 1948, the requirements for a railbus were formulated, which should use components from the construction of road buses. Because of the lightweight construction, there was no intention to couple conventional cars. Instead, suitable trailers were developed, which were to be attached using light-weight Scharfenberg couplings. The capacity of each vehicle should be 40 people and there should be a toilet in each vehicle. The winner of the tender was the Uerdingen car factory, which had already gained experience in the construction of railbuses in the 1930s.

In 1950, the first ten motor cars and six trailers were built as prototypes. These were 10.5 m long and had large overhangs because of the then permissible fixed wheelbase of 4.5 m. Thanks to a special permit, only the eleventh prototype could have a wheelbase of 6.0 m and was 12.75 m long, which was also adopted for series production. A Büssing U 9 with 110 hp was used as the engine, which was connected to an electromagnetically switched six-speed gearbox. The gas and brake were operated with pedals, as in road vehicles. Since the brake turned out to be undersized, a magnetic rail brake was installed in later vehicles and retrofitted to all existing vehicles.

A version of the same engine with 130 hp and later the Büssing U 10 with 150 hp were used in series production. The Bundesbahn received a total of 557 motor cars and 564 trailers. Most of the time, a combination of one motor car and one trailer was used, but the motor cars also ran on their own on hilly routes. Three railbuses were each given two engines in order to be able to use them on the steep Erlau–Wegscheid route with an incline of 6.89 percent. While the trailers were designated VB 142, 60 single-axle VB 141 trailers were built to transport luggage and bicycles.

Since there were no control cars, the motor car had to drive to the other side of the trailer at the terminus and then be operated from the second driver's cab. Later, a total of 185 motor cars were equipped with a so-called small control gear in order to be able to use two motor cars with up to two trailers in the middle. From 1964, some motor cars were equipped with equipment to use them without a conductor.

In addition to the Bundesbahn, the CFL and the JŽ each received ten motor cars and trailers. The Saarland also received 15 motor cars and 12 trailers. However, these were built under license in Saarland and had different engines in order to be able to save on customs costs. Likewise, seven motor cars and four trailers were manufactured under license in Italy. Some private railways had received vehicles with side buffers and a more powerful engine, which already represented an intermediate stage towards the successor VT 98. The VT 95, which was classified as class 795 from 1969, was retired from the Bundesbahn by 1980.

Variantprototypesfirst serieslater series
General
Built1950-195119521952-1958
ManufacturerUerdingenUerdingen, MAN, Lüttgens
Axle configA1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats416360
Dimensions and Weights
Length35 ft 5 1/8 in43 ft 6 1/4 in43 ft 7 7/16 in
Wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in19 ft 8 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in19 ft 8 1/4 in
Empty weight23,149 lbs29,101 lbs30,644 lbs
Adhesive weight13,448 lbs15,432 lbs
Axle load13,448 lbs15,432 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed56 mph
EngineBüssing U 9Büssing U 9ABüssing U10
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output109 hp (81 kW)129 hp (96 kW)148 hp (110 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
secondary line
local
railbus
last changed: 01/2023
German Federal Railway VT 98
later class 798 and Austrian Federal Railways class 5081
Germany | 1953 | 329 produced
VT 98 9796 (later 798 796) in June 2011 in Bochum-Dahlhausen
VT 98 9796 (later 798 796) in June 2011 in Bochum-Dahlhausen
Hugh Llewelyn

In addition to the VT 95, the family of Uerdingen rail buses also consisted of the VT 98. This was developed because the VT 95, with its single engine, was too weak for many routes and could not carry normal carriages. For this it received a second engine, which was of the same type as the later VT 95 and drove the second axle. A pedal was no longer used to control engine power, but a hand throttle.

In addition to the motor cars, not only the VT 98 trailers were procured, as was the case with the predecessor, but also the VT 98 control cars. Usually, a combination of a motor car, a trailer and a control car was used. However, they often ran without a trailer or as a motor car only. Thanks to the multiple controls, which could control up to two motor cars, trains with six cars could also be put together if necessary. The vehicles had been given buffer beams and screw couplings so that they could carry normal cars. In practice, sometimes covered freight cars for express parcels or passenger cars were attached as reinforcement.

Production included 329 motor cars, 320 trailers (220 of which had luggage compartments) and 310 control cars. From 1968 the motor cars ran as class 698 and the trailers and control cars as class 998. Only a few later got the new color scheme of mint turquoise, pastel turquoise and light gray instead of their red paintwork. Also in 1988, 47 motor cars, 23 trailers and 45 control cars were converted to one-man operation. In 1989, the Turkish State Railways bought 25 motor cars, 25 control cars and 15 trailers from the Bundesbahn. A few vehicles still made it to the DB AG, but in 2000 the last ones were retired.

General
Built1953-1967
ManufacturerUerdingen, MAN, Donauwörth, SGP, Jenbacher
Axle configAA 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats58
Dimensions and Weights
Length45 ft 9 3/16 in
Wheelbase19 ft 8 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase19 ft 8 1/4 in
Empty weight41,667 lbs
Adhesive weight41,667 lbs
Axle load21,385 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed56 mph
EngineBüssing U 10
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output295 hp (220 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
secondary line
local
railbus
last changed: 01/2023
German Reichsbahn No. 801 to 804
German Federal Railway VT 709 and German Reichsbahn class 1908
Germany | 1927 | 4 produced
WEG VT 04 in October 2002 shortly before it's retirement in Vaihingen/Enz
WEG VT 04 in October 2002 shortly before it's retirement in Vaihingen/Enz
Ulrich Klumpp

The four vehicles with road numbers 801 to 804 were the first two-axle diesel railcars that the Deutsche Reichsbahn procured. They were built in 1927 and, after various rebuilds, especially with regard to the power train, some of them had a very long career in regular service, one example remained in service until 2002.

The car body came from Wegmann from Kassel and had a rectangular shape. Despite an exterior length of just under twelve meters, there were three doors on each side to speed up the boarding and deboarding of passengers on secondary routes with many intermediate stops. It offered space for 43 seated passengers, but later this number was reduced to 30 in favor of individual space.

Initially, it was powered by a four-cylinder diesel engine from MAN with 75 hp. This drove one of the two axles via a mechanical transmission. Since this performance was not sufficient in the long term, the engines were replaced in 1934 with new ones with six cylinders and exactly twice the power. With this conversion, the number 803 was the only one to receive a new hydraulic transmission

After the Second World War, two pieces each came to the Bundesbahn and Reichsbahn. The latter did not last very long, as one was converted into a trailer in 1950 and was later only used in construction trains. The other railcar was also retired in 1960.

The two Bundesbahn vehicles were given the numbers VT 70 900 and VT 70 901. They were sold to the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft in 1954 and used there to pull trailers. For this purpose, they were equipped with new engines several times, most recently both received two 210 hp units, each driving one axle. As mentioned, one of these two was retired in 2002 after the line on which it was used was closed. The other is still in use today as part of the museum service of the so-called Teuto Express.

General
Built1927
ManufacturerWegmann
Axle configA1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats44
Dimensions and Weights
Length41 ft 7 13/16 in
Wheelbase22 ft 11 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase22 ft 11 9/16 in
Service weight52,690 lbs
Adhesive weight26,676 lbs
Axle load26,676 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed47 mph
EngineMAN
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output148 hp (110 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
last changed: 02/2022
German Reichsbahn VT 135, WUMAG type 65 hp
Germany | 1933 | 15 produced
Works photo of the railcar T 01 of the district railway Schönermark-Damme
Works photo of the railcar T 01 of the district railway Schönermark-Damme
collection W. Theurich, Görlitz

The WUMAG models with a 65 hp Mercedes diesel engine were among the smallest rail buses in Germany. Most of them had a wheelbase of 4.5 meters, but there were also variants with 3.7 and 6.0 meters. Power was sent to one axle via a Mylius gearbox. With this construction they wanted to compete against the Wismar rail buses, but could not sell large numbers. Nevertheless, the vehicles were taken over by the Reichsbahn after the Second World War and were used for a long time.

General
Built1933-1937
ManufacturerWUMAG
Axle configA1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats37
Dimensions and Weights
Length28 ft 7 1/2 in
Wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed37 mph
EngineDaimler-Benz OM 65
Engine type4-cyl. diesel
Fuel25 us gal (diesel)
Engine output63 hp (47 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
secondary line
railbus
last changed: 04/2023
German Reichsbahn VT 209
later class 171 and DB AG class 771
Germany | 1957 | 159 produced
172 149 in 1991 in Gotha
172 149 in 1991 in Gotha
Felix O/Sludge G

A few years after the Bundesbahn, the Reichsbahn also began to develop light rail buses for branch lines. The prototype received the same 130 hp Büssing diesel from the West German VT 95. In the series, domestic engines with 180 hp were installed. In addition to 159 motor cars, about the same number of trailers and control cars were built. They were given nicknames like “Ferkeltaxe” (“Piglet Taxi”) and “Blutblase” (“Blood Bladder”). At the beginning of the nineties, many were modernized and equipped with new engines, but at the beginning of the new millennium the last disappeared from regular use.

Variantas builtmodernized
General
Built1957, 1962-19691992
ManufacturerWaggonbau Bautzen, Waggonbau Görlitz
Axle config1A 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats54
Dimensions and Weights
Length44 ft 5 7/16 in
Wheelbase19 ft 8 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase19 ft 8 1/4 in
Service weight34,392 lbs
Adhesive weight25,133 lbs
Axle load25,133 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanicdiesel-hydromechanic
Top speed56 mph
Engine6VD 18/15MAN 2866 UH
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output177 hp (132 kW)217 hp (162 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
secondary line
local
railbus
last changed: 03/2023
Elmshorn-Barmstedt-Oldesloe Railway T1 to T3
Germany | 1933 | 3 produced
T1 around 1933
T1 around 1933
„125 Jahre AKN Eisenbahn AG”
VariantT1T2, T3
General
Built19331934, 1936
ManufacturerWaggonfabrik Gotha
Axle configA1 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats42
Dimensions and Weights
Length30 ft 2 3/16 in34 ft 9 5/16 in
Wheelbase18 ft 0 9/16 in
Empty weight18,960 lbs25,133 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed31 mph
EngineDaimler-Benz OM 65
Engine type4-cyl. diesel
Engine output64 hp (48 kW)70 hp (52 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
railbus
secondary line
last changed: 08 2023
Finnish Railway series Dm6 and Dm7 “Lättähattu”
Finland | 1955 | 212 produced
Museum train with four Dm7s in Äänekoski in May 2011
Museum train with four Dm7s in Äänekoski in May 2011
Yaamboo
Variant4000-41744175-4216
General
Built1955-1963
ManufacturerValmet
Axle config1A-A1 
Gauge4 ft 11 13/16 in (Russian broad gauge)
Seats64
Dimensions and Weights
Length54 ft 7 7/8 in
Empty weight37,919 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed59 mph71 mph
EngineValmet 815 D
Engine type8-cyl. diesel
Engine output177 hp (132 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
railbus
local
secondary line
last changed: 10 2023
Mediterranea-Calabro-Lucane M1
Italy | 1933 | 45 produced
M1c No. 82 rack railbus of the Ferrovie Calabro Lucane in 1984 at Catanzaro Lido
M1c No. 82 rack railbus of the Ferrovie Calabro Lucane in 1984 at Catanzaro Lido
Smiley.toerist
VariantM1M1c
General
Built1933-1953
ManufacturerCarminati & Toselli, Officine Meccaniche, Piaggio
Axle config1A 1A 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats2935
Dimensions and Weights
Length26 ft 9 5/8 in31 ft 4 3/4 in
Wheelbase13 ft 9 3/8 in18 ft 4 1/2 in
Service weight14,550 lbs26,235 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed62 mph
EngineOM-SaurerGeneral Motors
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output123 hp (92 kW)170 hp (127 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
railbus
local
cog railway
last changed: 10 2023
New Zealand Railways class RM (Midland)
New Zealand | 1936 | 2 produced
RM 20 in a photo from 1936
RM 20 in a photo from 1936
archivees New Zealand
General
Built1936
ManufacturerHutt
Axle config1A 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Seats19
Dimensions and Weights
Length26 ft 1 in
Empty weight17,494 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed60 mph
EngineLeyland 8.6 litre Diesel
Engine type6-cyl. diesel
Engine output98 hp (73 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
railbus
local
secondary line
baggage railcar
last changed: 08 2023
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