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Alstom Coradia Meridian
Italian State Railway ALe 501, ALn 501, ETR 245, 324, 425 and 526
Italy | 2003 | 281 produced
Five-car ETR.425 in Rome in July 2010
Five-car ETR.425 in Rome in July 2010
Rob Dammers

Between 2003 and 2019, versions of the Alstom Coradia adapted for Italy and designed by Giugiaro were built as the “Meridian”. The first was the “Minuetto”, which was built as the electric ALe.501/502 and as the diesel-hydraulic ALn.501/502 and was bought by other railway companies in addition to the FS. The second generation is formed by the five-car ETR.245, which Trenord is using for the Malpensa Express since 2008. The third generation is operated under the brand name “Jazz”. There is the four-car ETR.324, the five-car ETR.425 and the six-car ETR.526.

VariantALe.501ALn.501ETR.324ETR.425
General
Built2003-20102003-20092014-2019
ManufacturerAlstom
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B B-2-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats170202309
Dimensions and Weights
Length170 ft 3 5/16 in304 ft 7 1/2 in221 ft 7 7/16 in269 ft 8 1/4 in
Wheelbase57 ft 8 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Empty weight202,825 lbs220,462 lbs299,828 lbs352,739 lbs
Service weight370,376 lbs449,742 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DCdiesel-hydraulicelectric - DC
Electric system3,000 V, 1,500 V3,000 V, 1,500 V
Continuous power1,676 hp (1,250 kW)966 hp (720 kW)2,752 hp (2,052 kW)
Top speed99 mph81 mph99 mph
EngineIveco V8 FVQE 28
Engine type2x V8 diesel
Fuel423 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,502 hp (1,120 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
EMU
local
regional
Alstom Coradia
last changed: 03/2023
Bombardier Talent
DB AG classes 643 and 644 and Austrian Federal Railways classes 4023, 4024 and 4124
Germany | 1996 | 780 produced
ÖBB 4024 in May 2018 in Unzmarkt
ÖBB 4024 in May 2018 in Unzmarkt
Mö1997
Variantdiesel-mechanicdiesel-electricelectric three-carelectric four-car
General
Built1996-2008
ManufacturerTalbot, Bombardier
Axle configB-2-B B-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats80137151199
Dimensions and Weights
Length113 ft 6 5/8 in158 ft 7 15/16 in170 ft 11 15/16 in219 ft 4 11/16 in
Empty weight126,766 lbs158,733 lbs212,746 lbs255,736 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanicdiesel-electricelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz, 25,000 V 50 Hz
Hourly power1,931 hp (1,440 kW)2,038 hp (1,520 kW)
Top speed75 mph87 mph
EngineCummins N14 E R
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output845 hp (630 kW)1,354 hp (1,010 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
DMU
local
regional
multi-system
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier Talent
last changed: 10 2023
British Rail Networker Turbo
classes 165 and 166
Great Britain | 1990 | 97 produced
Chiltern Railways 165032 in March 2008 at London-Marylebone
Chiltern Railways 165032 in March 2008 at London-Marylebone
Peter Skuce

The oldest variant of the Networker family that was built in series was the class 165. To distinguish it from the electric variants, it was later called “Networker Turbo”. They were ordered by Network SouthEast for service in the Thames Valley and Chiltern Region and are therefore also known as “Thames Turbos” and “Chiltern Turbos”.

The sets consist of two or three cars, all of which are powered. Under the floor of each car is a six-cylinder turbo diesel from Perkins with a displacement of 12.2 liters and an output of 350 hp. The power is transmitted to both axles of a bogie via a hydraulic gearbox from Voith. The top speed is basically 75 mph

The basic variant 165/0 was built 28 times as two-car sets and eleven times as three-car sets. Some of the trains use part of the London Underground lines and have therefore got the tripcock system. In addition, the class 165/1 was built 18 times as two-car sets and 19 times as three-car sets. These received a modified gear ratio for 90 mph and yaw dampers on the bogies to be used on main lines.

For longer distances, the class 166 was built from 1992, which, like the 165/1, can reach 90 mph. In addition to an adapted interior, this has air conditioning and additional toilets in contrast to the 165. Here 21 sets were created, all of which have three cars.

Since the privatization of British Railways, the trains have changed operators several times. Today all are owned by the Great Western Railway and Chiltern Railway. Later, many Class 165 trains also received air conditioning and interior modernization, while the first class compartments were partially replaced with second class. Some trains were moved to the Bristol area following the electrification of the Great Western Main Line, others were replaced with class 168 or class 180 diesel multiple units and then moved to more remote areas. To date, only one class 165 set has been scrapped after an accident.

Variant165/0 two-car165/1 three-car166
General
Built1990-19931990-19921992-1993
ManufacturerBREL, ABBBRELABB
Axle config2-B+B-2 2-B+2-B+B-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length150 ft 4 in224 ft 10 1/2 in230 ft 5 in
Service weight163,520 lbs248,640 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed75 mph90 mph
EnginePerkins 2006-TWH
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese13x 6-cyl. diesel
Engine output700 hp (522 kW)1,050 hp (783 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
last changed: 01/2023
CAF Civity (Great Britain, Diesel)
British Rail classes 195 to 197
Great Britain | 2019 | more than 161 produced
Geof Sheppard
Varianttwo-carthree-carfour-car
General
Builtsince 2019
ManufacturerCAF
Axle config2-B+B-2 2-B+2-B+B-2 2-B+2-B+B-2+B-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats116188284
Dimensions and Weights
Length157 ft 7 3/4 in234 ft 3 in310 ft 10 1/4 in
Wheelbase52 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 5 in
Empty weight189,616 lbs280,000 lbs370,384 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed100 mph
EngineRolls-Royce MTU 6H1800R85L
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese13x 6-cyl. diesel4x 6-cyl. diesel
Engine output1,046 hp (780 kW)1,569 hp (1,170 kW)2,092 hp (1,560 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
last changed: 09 2023
French State Railway B 81500 and B 82500 (Autorail à grande capacité)
France | 2004 | 326 produced
B 81701 of the TER Poitou-Charentes in August 2018 in diesel operation near Chatelaillon
B 81701 of the TER Poitou-Charentes in August 2018 in diesel operation near Chatelaillon
Cramos

The SNCF's largest order to date were the “Autorail à grande capacité” multiple units. The goal was to replace the previously locomotive-hauled TER trains in regional traffic. They are offered for diesel and electric traction, with the B 81500 and B 82500 combining both types of power. They can run sections with overhead lines electrically with an output of 1,900 kW, while two diesel engines with a total of 1,324 kW are used for non-electrified sections. While the B 81500 is only designed for 1,500 volts direct current and consists of three or four cars, the three-car B 82500 can also be used under 25,000 volts alternating current. All variants have a powered bogie at each end and Jakobs bogies between the cars.

VariantB 81500 three-carB 81500 four-carB 82500
General
Built2004-20102004-2011
ManufacturerBombardier
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats168220
Dimensions and Weights
Length188 ft 3 13/16 in238 ft 10 1/8 in
Wheelbase62 ft 7 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Empty weight297,403 lbs359,794 lbs363,762 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - DC + diesel-electricelectric - AC/DC + diesel-electric
Electric system1,500 V25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Continuous power2,548 hp (1,900 kW)
Top speed99 mph
EngineMAN D2842 LE 606
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Fuel793 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,776 hp (1,324 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
DMU
dual power
multi-system
local
regional
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier AGC
last changed: 09/2023
French State Railway X 76500 (Autorail à grande capacité)
France | 2004 | 163 produced
X 76630 of the TER Hauts-de-France in May 2019 at Vecquemont
X 76630 of the TER Hauts-de-France in May 2019 at Vecquemont
BB 22385
Variantthree-carfour-car
General
Built2004-2010
ManufacturerBombardier
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats168220
Dimensions and Weights
Length188 ft 3 13/16 in238 ft 10 1/8 in
Wheelbase53 ft 9 11/16 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight293,876 lbs363,762 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-electric
Top speed99 mph
EngineMAN D2842 LE 606
Engine type2x V12 diesel
Fuel793 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,776 hp (1,324 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
regional
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier AGC
last changed: 10 2023
French State Railway Z 27500 (Autorail à grande capacité)
France | 2005 | 211 produced
Z 27883 of the TER Languedoc-Roussillon in July 2013 in Milhaud
Z 27883 of the TER Languedoc-Roussillon in July 2013 in Milhaud
Cramos
Variantthree-carfour-car
General
Built2005-2010
ManufacturerBombardier
Axle configB-2-2-B B-2-2-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats168220
Dimensions and Weights
Length188 ft 3 13/16 in238 ft 10 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight274,916 lbs336,425 lbs
Power
Power sourceelectric - AC/DC
Electric system25,000 V 50 Hz, 1,500 V
Continuous power1,743 hp (1,300 kW)
Top speed99 mph
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
EMU
local
regional
Bombardier multiple unit
Bombardier AGC
last changed: 09 2023
Swedish State Railways Y6, Y7, Y8, YS, X16 and X17
Sweden | 1953 | 699 cars built
Power car with four-axle trailer in July 2010 on the Nora museum railway
Power car with four-axle trailer in July 2010 on the Nora museum railway
Nils Öberg
VariantY6Y7X16X17
General
Built1953-19571957-19601955-1956
ManufacturerASJ, Hägglund & Söner, Kalmar Verkstad, Märstaverken
Axle configB-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats53475549
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 6 15/16 in
Service weight41,888 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanicelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz
Hourly power228 hp (170 kW)
Top speed71 mph68 mph
Engine output194 hp (145 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
EMU
railbus
local
secondary line
last changed: 10 2023
Siemens Mobility Desiro Classic (diesel)
DB AG class 642, Bulgarian State Railway class 10, Austrian Federal Railways class 5022, Romanian Railway class 96 and Hungarian State Railways class 6342
Germany | 1999 | 287 produced
642 of the WestFrankenBahn (DB Regio) near Würzburg-Heidingsfeld
642 of the WestFrankenBahn (DB Regio) near Würzburg-Heidingsfeld
DXR

The Desiro Classic represents the original design of the Desiro series. It was introduced in 2000 with the DB Regio class 642, which is still the largest operator of the Desiro Classic today. The vehicles each consist of two car bodies, which rest in the middle on a common Jakobs bogie. Each car is powered by an underfloor diesel engine from MAN or MTU, which is available with an output of 275, 315, 335 or 360 kW. Power is transmitted via a hydromechanical five-speed gearbox. The vehicles are equipped with fully automatic Scharfenberg couplings and can be operated with each other in multiple. A planned multiple operation with vehicles of the other DB series 64x was not implemented due to a lack of suitable software.

The trains are often used on branch lines on which the use of locomotive-hauled trains no longer made economic sense and some of which were about to be closed down. On some routes, such as the Gräfenberg Railway from Nuremberg to Gräfenberg, now only vehicles from this class are used that can run an optimal timetable for their performance profile. Thanks to the automatic couplings, it is possible to split the trains at the designated points and thus implement winging without the need for additional personnel. Depending on the operator and the route, the vehicles are used with different interior fittings. There are vehicles that have a total of 12 seats in first class and 98 seats in second class, as well as vehicles without first class.

In Germany, DB Regio operates 234 Desiro Classic and four other operators a total of 53 more. Abroad, the largest contingent consists of 120 examples of the Romanian CFR class 96, followed by 60 Austrian ones, which are used as class 5022. A total of 167 other vehicles can be found within Europe in Denmark, Greece, Slovenia and Hungary. Overseas, the sole operator is the North County Transit District, which operates a network in northern San Diego County, California. Twelve Desiro Classics are used there as NCTD Sprinters, which have been maintained by a consortium of Veolia and Bombardier since 2009. The vehicles have more powerful air conditioning and made negative headlines in 2013 due to a temporary shutdown due to excessive wear on the brakes.

Variant550 kW720 kW
General
Built1999-2010
ManufacturerSiemens
Axle configB-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats110128
Dimensions and Weights
Length136 ft 9 3/4 in
Empty weight152,119 lbs156,969 lbs
Service weight194,007 lbs196,652 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-mechanic
Top speed75 mph
EngineMTU oder MAN
Engine type2x 6-cyl. diese1
Engine output738 hp (550 kW)966 hp (720 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
local
Siemens Desiro
last changed: 05/2022
Siemens Mobility Desiro UK diesel
British Rail class 185
Great Britain | 2005 | 51 produced
Train 1P42 in the year 2013 in Middlesbrough
Train 1P42 in the year 2013 in Middlesbrough
Phil Richards

As a diesel-powered variant of the British Desiros, the class 185 was created for the TransPennine Express. The order was placed in 2003 as part of a franchise between TPE parent company First and Keolis, which included the ordering of 56 three-car trains and the construction of associated maintenance facilities. Ultimately, only 51 trains were purchased, which were delivered in 2006 and 2007. Built at the former Uerdingen waggon factory, the vehicles replaced the Class 158 Sprinter units and the leased Class 175 Alstom Coradia.

The requirements for the vehicles included a top speed of 100 mph and at the same time good acceleration, since the area of operation was in a hilly landscape. The required performance was achieved through the use of a Cummins QSK19 with 750 hp per car and the power transmission via a hydraulic three-speed gearbox from Voith. These each drive both axles from one bogie and enable an acceleration of 1.1 mph per second.

Starting in 2007, Siemens and TransPennine Express tested a so-called “Eco-Mode” that automatically switches off individual engines depending on the driving situation. Because only two engines are running when driving downhill and one engine when shunting, a fuel saving of 7% and a 15% increase in the service life of the engines could be achieved. However, since this system led to problems, it was deactivated again for the affected trains and not pursued further.

General
Built2005-2006
ManufacturerSiemens
Axle config2-B+B-2+B-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Seats182
Dimensions and Weights
Length233 ft 5 1/8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 6 3/8 in
Empty weight371,478 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed100 mph
EngineCummins QSK19
Engine type3x 6-cyl. diesel
Engine output2,250 hp (1,678 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
DMU
regional
Siemens Desiro
last changed: 02/2022
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