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Tank Locomotives 4-6-0T “Ten-wheeler”[Inhalt]
UIC Classification 2'C
Chemins de fer de ceinture No. 51 to 65
French Northern Railway No. 3.701 to 3.715 and French State Railway 230 TA
France | 1902 | 15 produced
Ceinture No. 60 on an old post card
Ceinture No. 60 on an old post card
Fernand Fleury

The railway administration of the Paris city belt (Ceinture) had a total of 15 tank locomotives built in 1902 and 1903 for fast local trains with many stops. A first batch was built at the Hellemmes works and a second at the La Chapelle works. It was envisaged that there would be a loco at each end of the train, which together ensure very fast acceleration and can be used without switching at the end termini. A four-cylinder compound engine in a tandem arrangement was used for this, in which the high and low pressure cylinders were located one behind the other and each drove a rod together. The boilers had been taken over by the Nord 2.231 to 2.305.

With these locomotives, the 32 km long route with 23 intermediate stops was covered in one hour and five minutes. They were used by the Ceinture until 1934 and then came to the Nord where they were designated 3.701 to 3.715. With this operator, one locomotive was given a larger coal bunker and a trailing axle. During the same period, four were scrapped and two were sold to the private GCL. The rest soon came to SNCF, where they became the 230 TA 1 through 230 TA 6. SNCF scrapped them until 1947, and GCL scrapped the last engine in 1960.

General
Built1902-1903
ManufacturerHellemmes, La Chapelle
Axle config4-6-0T (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length37 ft 6 9/16 in
Wheelbase25 ft 11 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in
Empty weight112,081 lbs
Service weight139,328 lbs
Adhesive weight105,299 lbs
Water capacity1,321 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,006 hp (750 kW)
Optimal speed35 mph
Top speed50 mph
Starting effort18,184 lbf
with start valve21,821 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63 in
Boiler pressure232 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 13 x 23 5/8 in
and LP: 21 1/4 x 23 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area25.3 sq ft
Firebox area108.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,396.2 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,504.8 sq ft
Total heating area1,504.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
tank locomotive
tandem compound
last changed: 02/2022
Prussian T 10
German Reichsbahn class 76
Germany | 1909 | 12 produced
76 001 at the Deutsche Reichsbahn
76 001 at the Deutsche Reichsbahn
unbekannt / www.worldrailfans.info

For the operation of passenger trains on the route between Frankfurt am Main and Wiesbaden, the T 10 was developed as a powerful and fast tank locomotive in order to be able to do without turning at the terminal stations. In order to save development costs, assemblies from locomotives already in use were used as far as possible. The cylinders and chassis were taken over from the P 8 because it had good running characteristics. The result was a two-cylinder engine using superheated steam, which had a 4-6-0T wheel arrangement and could reach a speed of 100 km/h with a coupling wheel diameter of 1,750 mm.

In order to be able to accommodate the weight of the supplies, however, a lighter boiler had to be used and that of the P 6 was used. Finally, this was moved forward to make room for the coal bunker in the rear of the locomotive. In operation, it turned out that the running properties when reversing were worse than hoped due to the missing trailing axle. This was exacerbated by the fact that the load on the last coupled axle changed depending on the level of supplies. So the locomotives were rotated more frequently than originally planned in order to be able to run in both directions at the same speed.

A total of only twelve engines were built between 1909 and 1912, which were used almost exclusively on the intended route. After the war, only one of them had to be handed over to France, the remaining eleven were all taken over by the Reichsbahn a few years later. They were given the numbers 76 001 to 76 011 and their number was reduced to eight by the end of the Second World War. The Bundesbahn immediately gave them away, but all but two were taken over by the Osthannoversche Eisenbahnen (OHE). They were used in north-eastern Lower Saxony until they were phased out in 1964 as passenger train services were increasingly discontinued.

General
Built1909-1912
ManufacturerBorsig
Axle config4-6-0T (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length38 ft 8 9/16 in
Wheelbase26 ft 2 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 10 9/16 in
Empty weight133,754 lbs
Service weight167,926 lbs
Adhesive weight107,078 lbs
Axle load35,693 lbs
Water capacity1,981 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power967 hp (721 kW)
Optimal speed23 mph
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort27,286 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter68.9 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 22 5/8 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area19.9 sq ft
Firebox area113.1 sq ft
Tube heating area1,332.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,445.9 sq ft
Superheater area437 sq ft
Total heating area1,882.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
tank locomotive
last changed: 01/2022
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