The reference for locomotives and railcars
Voith Gravita
DB AG classes 261 and 265
Germany | 2008 | 165 produced
261 096 in August 2013 in Hamburg
261 096 in August 2013 in Hamburg
Gerd Fahrenhorst

The Gravita is a family of shunting locomotives introduced by Voith after the introduction of the Maxima to round off the range downwards. It is a modular construction that was available with three to six axles in different power levels and was also delivered for narrow-gauge railways on request.

Various variants of the MTU 4000 series were used as engines, which also have a modular design and deliver between 522 and 1,800 kW with 8, 12 or 16 cylinders. Like the older locomotives to be replaced, the Gravita has a load-bearing frame on which the driver's cab is located in the middle. In addition to a shunting gear, there is a road gear with which the locomotive can reach 100 km/h.

The first order from the DB included 130 Gravita 10 BB with 1,000 kW, which, like once another shunting locomotive of the Bundesbahn, was classified in the class 260. However, since the remaining orders were changed to a version with a diesel particle filter during delivery, the rest were classified in the class 261.

After the presentation of the 15L BB with 1,800 kW, the order was changed again so that 31 of them were to be delivered as the more powerful variant. They were classified in the class 265. With additional orders from some private companies, a total of 165 Gravita had been made when production ceased again. The weakest and strongest planned variants with 400 and 2,200 kW were not actually built.

Variant10 BB15 BB15L BB
ManufacturerVoith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length51 ft 6 7/8 in55 ft 3 3/4 in60 ft 8 3/8 in
Wheelbase31 ft 0 7/16 in34 ft 9 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase7 ft 10 1/2 in
Service weight167,551 lbs185,188 lbs198,416 lbs
Adhesive weight167,551 lbs185,188 lbs198,416 lbs
Axle load41,888 lbs44,092 lbs49,604 lbs
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort58,001 lbf60,698 lbf
EngineMTU 8V 4000 R43MTU 12V 4000 R43
Engine typeV8 dieselV12 diesel
Fuel476 us gal (diesel)872 us gal (diesel)1,321 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,341 hp (1,000 kW)2,012 hp (1,500 kW)2,414 hp (1,800 kW)
Power Plant
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
last changed: 03/2022

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