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Prussian T 0
Germany | 1880 | 14 produced
First version as an omnibus locomotive
First version as an omnibus locomotive
Die Lokomotive, September 1907

The class T 0 referred to two series of small tank locomotives that were only powered on one of two axles. The first four locomotives were omnibus locomotives with a luggage compartment, but since this did not prove its worth, the second series was built as a conventional tank locomotive. In order to test different types of power plants, two pieces of the first series were each equipped with a simple and a compound engine. The latter were developed with the help of August von Borries and were the first Prussian locomotives with this type of power plant. Schichau in Elbing in what was then West Prussia acted as the manufacturer of these four locomotives.

In operation, the compound locomotives showed a significantly lower coal consumption than the others. The luggage compartment attached to the locomotive in order to dispense with a luggage car soon proved to be too small. Thus, in 1883, a second series was procured, which no longer had a luggage compartment. Instead, the new variant was generally more powerful than the first and used only a compound engine. The increase in power was achieved with a boiler with a larger grate and heating surface and larger cylinders. This also increased the weight by two tonnes. Ten pieces were made, which were supplied by Henschel.

Photo and sectional drawing of the standard design
Photo and sectional drawing of the standard design
Die Lokomotive, April 1910

The four pieces of the first series were either retired or resold around 1900. The remaining locomotives remained in use until they were retired in 1922. One of them can still be seen today in the German Museum of Technology in Berlin. The latter today bears the number 1907 of the Hanover Directorate, although the locomotives actually bore the numbers Hanover 1900 to 1903, Hanover 6001 to 6008 and Cassel 6001 and 6002 respectively.

Variantomnibus locomotivestandard type
General
Built18801883
ManufacturerSchichauHenschel
Axle config2-2-0WT (Planet) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length26 ft 10 13/16 in20 ft 11 15/16 in
Wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in11 ft 5 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in11 ft 5 13/16 in
Total wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in11 ft 5 13/16 in
Empty weight33,069 lbs
Service weight40,124 lbs44,533 lbs
Adhesive weight21,385 lbs23,589 lbs
Axle load21,385 lbs23,589 lbs
Water capacity423 us gal
Fuel capacity2,094 lbs (coal)coal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power94 hp (70 kW)161 hp (120 kW)
Optimal speed27 mph23 mph
Top speed37 mph
Starting effort2,247 lbf4,434 lbf
with start valve2,696 lbf5,321 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter44.5 in45.3 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 7 7/8 x 15 3/4 in
and LP: 11 13/16 x 15 3/4 in
two, HP: 10 5/8 x 16 9/16 in
and LP: 17 5/16 x 16 9/16 in
Boiler
Grate area5.8 sq ft8.6 sq ft
Firebox area28 sq ft39.8 sq ft
Tube heating area217.4 sq ft331.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area245.4 sq ft371.4 sq ft
Total heating area245.4 sq ft371.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
baggage locomotive
tank locomotive
secondary line
last changed: 05/2022
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