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German Federal Railway V 160
later class 216
Germany | 1964 | 224 produced
Pre-production V 160 003 with more rounded shapes
Pre-production V 160 003 with more rounded shapes
Manfred Kopka

The steadily increasing power of diesel engines in the 1950s gave the Bundesbahn the reason to order a series of large single-engine diesel locomotives instead of the previous two-engine series. A locomotive with 1,400 kW was planned, which had to be able to run at 120 km/h and to have steam heating for passenger trains.

The pre-production locomotives were delivered in 1960 and received a locomotive body with rounded fronts, which earned them the nickname “Lollo”. In the production series, this was replaced by one with a more angular front end, which not only had better aerodynamics, but was also much cheaper to produce and shaped the image of all other models in the V-160 family. A 16-cylinder from Maybach was used as the engine, which later became part of the MTU program and delivered exactly the required 1,400 kW. As with all Bundesbahn diesel locomotives, power was transmitted hydrodynamically. In order to be able to make better use of the engine power, the gear ratio could be switched while stationary in order to achieve a top speed of 80 or 120 km/h as required. Many locomotives were also equipped with the then current technology for multiple working and push-pull trains.

224 units were manufactured between 1964 and 1968, the last of which received the new class designation 216 ex works. They were used with all types of trains on non-electrified lines, but were soon overtaken by the more powerful diesel locomotives that were based on them. From about 1990, they were no longer used for passenger trains, since from that point on there were no longer any steam-heated passenger cars available and, unlike their successors, they did not yet have an electric heater. In the years from 2000 to 2004 they were decommissioned by Deutsche Bahn, with some pieces being sold abroad or to private railways. The rest fared like all post-war classes at the end of their lives, they were almost all scrapped. Today there is only one running example and two museum locomotives.

General
Built1964-1968
ManufacturerKrupp, KHD, Henschel, Krauss-Maffei, MaK
Axle configB-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 5 15/16 in
Wheelbase37 ft 4 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 2 1/4 in
Service weight169,094 lbs
Adhesive weight169,094 lbs
Axle load42,329 lbs
Power
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed75 mph
Starting effort53,954 lbf
EngineMTU 16V652 TB10 oder MTU 16V538 TB10
Engine typeV16 diesel
Fuel713 us gal (diesel)
Engine output1,877 hp (1,400 kW)
Power Plant
Boiler
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03/2022
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