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Other Austro-Hungarian Steam Locomotives Outside of Austria[Inhalt]
Aussig-Teplitz Railway classes IIa and IIb
Czechoslovak State Railways class 320.1
Austria-Hungary | 1859 | 37 produced
ATE IIb “Bilin” on a Hartmann works photo
ATE IIb “Bilin” on a Hartmann works photo

The Aussig-Teplitz railway was built in northern Bohemia in 1858 primarily to transport the lignite mined there. After the first passenger locomotives had been delivered by Borsig, in 1859 the first freight locomotive with a 0-6-0 wheel arrangement was also delivered by Borsig. Since this locomotive was classified as too powerful for its time, initially only four more units were ordered between 1864 and 1867, which, however, were supplied by the Wiener Neustadt locomotive factory Sigl. They were classified in type IIa and remained the only ones of their kind at ATE until 1870. Only after the extension of the main line did the construction of 32 further units begin at Hartmann in Chemnitz and at Sigl, which became class IIb.

Characteristics of the locomotives were the disc wheels and the outer frame. The cylinders were on the outside under the frame, while the valve gear was on the inside. Although the lignite available on site was burned, a firebox pulled between the wheels was large enough. Since increased sparks had to be expected from the lignite, all ATE locomotives were fitted with a large spark-arresting chimney.

The locomotives were mainly used to transport lignite and fulfilled this role well into the twentieth century. After Bohemia became part of the newly founded Czechoslovakia in 1918, the ATE initially continued to exist. Only in 1924 it was nationalized and incorporated into the CSD. At that time, 36 of 37 examples were still running, which now became the class 320.1. They eventually retired from service by 1938.

General
Built1859-1885
ManufacturerBorsig, Sigl, Hartmann
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase8 ft 2 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 3/4 in
Service weight74,296 lbs
Adhesive weight74,296 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power377 hp (281 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort14,807 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter43.9 in
Boiler pressure116 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 9/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area16.4 sq ft
Firebox area88.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,224.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,313.2 sq ft
Total heating area1,313.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Aussig-Teplitz Railway classes IIIa and IIIb
Czechoslovak State Railways classes 322.3 and 322.4
Austria-Hungary | 1869 | 35 produced
IIIa No. 20 “Rothenhaus”
IIIa No. 20 “Rothenhaus”
Die Lokomotive, February 1913

Since the Aussig-Teplitz Railway had a network with many gradients, the power of the existing class I 2-4-0 passenger locomotives was no longer sufficient at a relatively early time. For this reason, starting in 1869, a total of nine class IIIa six-coupled tender locomotives were ordered from Hartmann, which were primarily intended for use in front of passenger trains. Compared to class IIa and class IIb freight locomotives, they had larger wheels with a diameter of 1,370 mm, which allowed higher track speeds. Like the freight locomotives, they had a large Kobel chimney and internal valve gear, but unlike these no external frame. Between 1889 and 1894, 26 more, almost identical locomotives were ordered from the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik and designated as class IIIb. The biggest difference was that the slightly more powerful boiler was now operated with eleven instead of ten bars.

IIIb No. 14 “Rauschengrund”
IIIb No. 14 “Rauschengrund”

The locomotives were also used in front of heavy freight trains, but were mostly found in front of passenger trains. Most engines survived until the nationalization of the ATE in 1924. They were now classified in the CSD classes 322.3 and 322.4. While the older type was completely phased out in the 1920s, 13 examples of the 322.4 were still available when the Sudetenland was annexed in 1938. The Reichsbahn gave them the numbers 53 7401 to 53 7413. Since they remained in their area of operation during the war, they returned to the CSD in 1945 and were singled out shortly thereafter.

VariantIIIaIIIb
General
Built1869-18741889-1894
ManufacturerHartmannWiener Neustadt
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco27 ft 6 11/16 in28 ft 3 3/8 in
Wheelbase10 ft 4 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 4 in
Empty weight68,784 lbs71,650 lbs
Service weight82,232 lbs81,130 lbs
Adhesive weight82,232 lbs81,130 lbs
Axle load27,410 lbs27,044 lbs
Water capacity2,378 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power429 hp (320 kW)
Estimated power483 hp (360 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort17,609 lbf19,230 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.9 in54.3 in
Boiler pressure145 psi160 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 15/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area15.4 sq ft16.4 sq ft
Firebox area87.2 sq ft90.4 sq ft
Tube heating area1,076.4 sq ft1,107.6 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,163.6 sq ft1,198 sq ft
Total heating area1,163.6 sq ft1,198 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 01/2022
Dux-Bodenbach Railway No. 9 to 34 and Bohemian Northern Railway class V No. 31 to 43
Imperial-Royal State Railways ckass 53
Austria-Hungary | 1872 | 63 produced
DBE No. 28
DBE No. 28
Variant53.01–1753.18-2653.31-4953.50-63
General
Built1872-1901
ManufacturerSigl, StEG, Wiener Neustadt
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase10 ft 4 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 4 7/16 in
Total wheelbase34 ft 2 5/8 in33 ft 9 11/16 in
Empty weight83,114 lbs76,059 lbs
Service weight90,389 lbs84,657 lbs85,098 lbs
Adhesive weight90,389 lbs84,657 lbs85,098 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power369 hp (275 kW)375 hp (280 kW)429 hp (320 kW)456 hp (340 kW)
Optimal speed11 mph12 mph13 mph
Top speed28 mph31 mph
Starting effort20,866 lbf20,777 lbf23,165 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter46.3 in46.5 in46.3 in
Boiler pressure130 psi145 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 11/16 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area16.6 sq ft17.8 sq ft20.2 sq ft
Firebox area86.1 sq ft96.9 sq ft92.6 sq ft100.1 sq ft
Tube heating area1,308.9 sq ft1,282 sq ft1,409 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,395 sq ft1,378.9 sq ft1,501.6 sq ft1,509.1 sq ft
Total heating area1,395 sq ft1,378.9 sq ft1,501.6 sq ft1,509.1 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 10 2023
Galician Carl Ludwig Railway series I
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 11
Austria-Hungary | 1872 | 12 produced
No. 123 “Balta” on a works photo of Maschinenfabrik Esslingen
No. 123 “Balta” on a works photo of Maschinenfabrik Esslingen

After the ten express locomotives with a 2-4-0 wheel arrangement, the CLB ordered another series of twelve express locomotives in Esslingen. They date from the time when the locomotives were given names by the CLB and so they were all given the name of a town that is in what is now Poland or the Ukraine. Later the new locos were called Series I, while the older ones became Series II.

The third locomotive, called “Dnjepr”, was shown at the World Exhibition in Vienna in 1873 and apparently caused a stir because of its good looks and the large coupled wheels. Compared to the older locomotives, the driving wheels were significantly larger and the running axle, also fixed, was located under the driver's cab. Although the firebox now had a support, it was restricted in width by the large coupled wheels. Problems with this axle arrangement are also reported, which resulted in derailments due to icing in the area of the water cranes in winter. In addition, at higher speeds it was not an advantage for smooth running that the large coupled wheels were used instead of a leading axle

When they were nationalized in 1892, they were given the kkStB numbers 11.11 to 11.22. This resulted in the class 11 from 1905, but at that time only the 11.18 “Kherson” was left. It was in use until 1907, the remaining engines had already been retired between 1896 and 1902.

General
Built1872-1873
ManufacturerEsslingen
Axle config0-4-2 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase13 ft 5 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 5 13/16 in
Empty weight54,013 lbs
Service weight70,548 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power362 hp (270 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Starting effort7,989 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter74.6 in
Boiler pressure116 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 9/16 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area16 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,052.9 sq ft
Total heating area1,052.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 01/2022
Galician Carl Ludwig Railway series IId and IIe
Imperial-Royal State Railways class 22
Austria-Hungary | 1870 | 18 produced
CLB No. 2 “Kraków”, most likely works photo by Maschinenfabrik Esslingen
CLB No. 2 “Kraków”, most likely works photo by Maschinenfabrik Esslingen

The Galician Carl Ludwig Railway originated from the k.k. Eastern State Railways and operated their lines east of Kraków. These routes are now in Poland and the Ukraine and went via Lemberg and Tarnopol to the border of the Russian Empire. In 1870, ten express locomotives with a 2-4-0 wheel arrangement were ordered from Maschinenfabrik Esslingen, which were classified as IId. In 1878 and 1882 a total of eight more were delivered by the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik and designated IIe. As was usual at the time, all three axles were firmly mounted in the frame, but the overall wheelbase of just 3.32 meters still ensured sufficient ability to negotiate curves.

The locomotives from Esslingen were given the names of towns along the CLB routes, the others only numbers. After the railway was nationalized again in 1892, they were given the numbers 2231-2248 by the kkStB. In the same year they received new boilers. Some locomotives on the Kronprinz-Rudolf-Bahn also had numbers starting at 2201, but these became series 122 from 1905 and the CLB locomotives became series 22. All but three locomotives were retired between 1906 and 1915. The fate of the remaining ones was lost in 1917 in the turmoil of war, but probably two pieces came to Poland and one to Russia.

General
Built1870-1871, 1879, 1882
ManufacturerEsslingen, Wiener Neustadt
Axle config2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase11 ft 6 9/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 6 9/16 in
Empty weight73,634 lbs
Service weight83,996 lbs
Adhesive weight57,100 lbs
Water capacity2,325 us gal
Fuel capacity13,669 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power469 hp (350 kW)
Optimal speed25 mph
Top speed34 mph
Starting effort11,968 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter62 in
Boiler pressure145 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 9/16 x 24 7/8 in
Boiler
Grate area17.7 sq ft
Firebox area80.7 sq ft
Tube heating area1,200.2 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,280.9 sq ft
Total heating area1,280.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 01/2022
Hungarian Machine Factories type 70
Hungarian State Railways series XXIc, Hungarian State Railways series 490 and Imperial-Royal Army Railway series IVa
Austria-Hungary | 1906 | 284 produced
764-243 of the Romanian State Industrial Railways (CFI) in June 2013 in Comandau
764-243 of the Romanian State Industrial Railways (CFI) in June 2013 in Comandau
Herbert Ortner
VariantMÁVAGReșița, Reghin
General
Built1906-1914, 1942-19501951-1958, 1984-1988
ManufacturerMÁVAGReșița, Reghin
Axle config0-8-0T (Eight-coupled) 
Gauge2 ft 5 15/16 in (Bosnian gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length24 ft 5 7/8 in
Wheelbase10 ft 11 7/8 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 11 7/8 in
Service weight48,502 lbs54,675 lbs
Adhesive weight48,502 lbs54,675 lbs
Axle load12,125 lbs13,669 lbs
Water capacity528 us gal
Fuel capacity2,205 lbs (coal)2,866 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power288 hp (215 kW)
Estimated power308 hp (230 kW)
Optimal speed14 mph15 mph
Top speed19 mph
Starting effort13,189 lbf13,151 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter29.5 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 12 13/16 x 13 3/4 intwo, 12 5/8 x 14 3/16 in
Boiler
Grate area11.2 sq ft12.7 sq ft
Firebox area50.6 sq ft55.2 sq ft
Tube heating area467.7 sq ft393.6 sq ft
Evaporative heating area518.3 sq ft448.9 sq ft
Total heating area518.3 sq ft448.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
narrow gauge
tank locomotive
last changed: 10 2023
Hungarian Western Railway No. 61 to 72
Hungarian State Railways series XIII and Hungarian State Railways series 384
Austria-Hungary | 1884 | 12 produced
No. 5851 after the rebuild
No. 5851 after the rebuild
No. 885 before the rebuild with a 2-4-0T wheel arrangement
No. 885 before the rebuild with a 2-4-0T wheel arrangement
Variantas builtrebuilt 1891
General
Built18841891
ManufacturerKrauss
Axle config2-4-0WT (Porter) 0-6-0ST (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length26 ft 1 1/4 in
Service weight64,309 lbs
Adhesive weight64,309 lbs
Axle load21,826 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power134 hp (100 kW)201 hp (150 kW)
Top speed25 mph
Power Plant
Driver diameter37.8 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Boiler
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
secondary line
tank locomotive
last changed: 09 2023
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