The reference for locomotives and railcars


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Lancashire & Yorkshire class 53
Great Britain | 1847 | 82 produced
After the rebuild to 2-4-0
After the rebuild to 2-4-0
Locomotive Magazine, March 1906

Between 1847 and 1849, the Lancashire & Yorkshire received a total of 82 express locomotives with a 2-2-2 wheel arrangement. These date from the time of John Hawkshaw, who was not actually a locomotive designer and whose designs are not considered the most successful. There were three slightly different variants, which differed primarily in the driving wheel diameter.

One version had a wheel diameter of 5 feet 9 inches and was built 26 times at the L&YR plants in Miles Platting. 17 of the same design came from William Fairbairn. Six and four respectively of another version with a wheel diameter of 5 feet and 6 inches were made by the same manufacturers. Finally there were 29 from Bury, Curtis & Kennedy with 5 feet 10 inches.

Of the total of 82 locomotives, 69 were converted between 1867 and 1872 to a 2-4-0 wheel arrangement. Some received new cylinders with a diameter of 15.5 instead of 15 inches and a new boiler. The locomotives with the original boiler stayed in service until 1880 at the latest, and the others a few years longer.

Variantas builtrebuilt 2-4-0
ManufacturerMiles Platting, Fairbairn, Bury, Curtis & KennedyMiles Platting
Axle config2-2-2 (Jenny Lind) 2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase13 ft 2 in14 ft 4 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 2 in14 ft 4 in
Service weight54,096 lbs
Adhesive weight27,776 lbs
Axle load27,776 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power250 hp (186 kW)300 hp (224 kW)
Optimal speed26 mph27 mph
Starting effort6,098 lbf7,103 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter69 in
Boiler pressure110 psi120 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 x 20 intwo, 15 1/2 x 20 in
Grate area14.4 sq ft
Firebox area86 sq ft
Tube heating area809 sq ft
Evaporative heating area895 sq ft
Total heating area895 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
John Hawkshaw
last changed: 03/2023

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