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London, Brighton & South Coast Craven Small Singles of 1862 to 1866
Great Britain | 1862 | 10 produced
Former No. 233 “Horsham” as No. 6 of the West Lancashire Railway
Former No. 233 “Horsham” as No. 6 of the West Lancashire Railway
collection Dave Searle

Between 1862 and 1866, Craven had a total of ten small locomotives with a 2-2-2 wheel arrangement built for use in light express trains. It started with number 31, which was delivered in December 1962. It had larger driving wheels than any of its successors at six and a half feet and cylinders measuring 16 inches in diameter and 22 inches in stroke. It had a full-length outer frame, but the driving wheels were only mounted in the inner frame, while the carrying wheels were mounted in the outer frame. The inside cylinders were controlled by a Stephenson valve gear. It was not until September of the following year that number 161 followed, which only had a driving wheel diameter of six feet and whose cylinders had a larger diameter but a shorter stroke.

No. 31 with inside bearing of the driving axle
No. 31 with inside bearing of the driving axle
Locomotive Magazine, April 1897

In 1864 numbers 190 and 191 were built, and in the following year 29 and 30, all of which were similar. Their wheel diameter was only five and a half feet. With these, all three axles were mounted in the outer frame and the driving axle in addition in the inner frame. One difference was that the first two had an Allan valve gear and the last two had a Stephenson valve gear. A further four locomotives, each almost identical in construction, were built in 1966 for the service between Portsmouth and London and given the numbers 232 to 235. These again had a wheel diameter of six feet

No. 30 with double bearing of the driving axle
No. 30 with double bearing of the driving axle
Locomotive Magazine, May 1897

Four of the ten locomotives had been given names during their service life that were based on locations along the routes or where they were stationed. These were “Littlehampton”, “Havant”, “Horsham” and “Dorking”. The decommissioning took place between 1880 and 1886. Only numbers 233 and 235 were sold to the West Lancashire Railway in 1883 and were used there until 1887.

Variant3116129, 30232-235
General
Built1862186318651866
ManufacturerBrighton
Axle config2-2-2 (Jenny Lind) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase15 ft 9 in13 ft 8 1/2 in13 ft 10 in14 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 9 in13 ft 8 1/2 in13 ft 10 in14 ft 6 in
Service weight64,176 lbs61,040 lbs62,048 lbs68,992 lbs
Adhesive weight28,896 lbs24,752 lbs28,224 lbs28,336 lbs
Axle load28,896 lbs24,752 lbs28,224 lbs28,336 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power250 hp (186 kW)240 hp (179 kW)220 hp (164 kW)270 hp (201 kW)
Power Plant
Driver diameter78 in72 in66 in72 in
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 x 22 intwo, 16 x 20 intwo, 15 x 20 intwo, 16 x 20 in
Boiler
Firebox area80 sq ft75 sq ft
Tube heating area911 sq ft880 sq ft812 sq ft
Evaporative heating area991 sq ft960 sq ft887 sq ft
Total heating area991 sq ft960 sq ft887 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
John Chester Craven
last changed: 01/2023
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