The reference for locomotives and railcars
Bavarian and Palatinate Railways R 4/4
Germany | 1913 | 51 produced
No. 4180 in the transitional period to the Reichsbahn, here still with Länderbahn markings
No. 4180 in the transitional period to the Reichsbahn, here still with Länderbahn markings
Oberreichsbahnrat Dr. Ing. Rudolf Kallmünzer

The R 4/4 was a tank locomotive for heavy shunting service, which was built in small numbers for the Pfalzbahn from 1913 and was later procured in larger numbers by the Bavarian State Railways. Although they worked with saturated steam, they proved their efficiency and were able to survive into the Bundesbahn era. The boiler with a relatively large diameter was placed very high in order to be able to accommodate a generously dimensioned and wide but not too long firebox above the coupled wheels. The water tank was therefore installed below the boiler, since there was now more space than on the sides.

Production for the Pfalzbahn included nine engines that were completed in 1913 and 1914. There they were mainly used for shunting over longer distances, as they could reach a maximum speed of 45 km/h on the flat with trains of up to 1,000 tonnes.

Between 1918 and 1925, Bavaria procured another 42 engines, which in terms of performance hardly differed from the Palatinate type. However, they had additional water tanks on the sides of the boiler, which increased the water supply to up to nine cubic meters. In addition, the steam dome and the sandbox were now arranged separately from each other and were no longer located under a common cover on the top of the boiler. In 1925, the Reichsbahn took over all but two machines and gave them the numbers 92 2001 to 92 2049. The remaining two had been handed over to Saarland in 1921 and only returned in 1935. After the Second World War, almost all of the examples remained with the Bundesbahn, which used them in the Palatinate and Bavaria. The last one was retired in 1962.

Built1913-1914, 1918-1925
Axle config0-8-0T (Eight-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length36 ft 2 3/4 in
Wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 9 3/16 in
Service weight147,489 lbs
Adhesive weight147,489 lbs
Axle load37,258 lbs
Water capacity1,981 us gal
Fuel capacity4,409 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power562 hp (419 kW)
Optimal speed10 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort34,422 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter47.9 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 7/8 x 25 9/16 in
Grate area21.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,346.6 sq ft
Total heating area1,346.6 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
tank locomotive
last changed: 01/2022

We use cookies to save the following settings:

  • selected navigation structure
  • selected language
  • preferred units
  • spelling of railway company names

If you refuse the use of cookies, the settings will only be retained for the current session and will be reset to the default values the next time you visit the site.

Display of units

Here you can set the desired unit system for the technical data.

  • Metric: Lengths in meters, weights in tonnes, and volumes in cubic meters
  • Imperial (UK): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in long tons and volumes in imperial gallons
  • Imperial (US): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in pounds, and volumes in US gallons
  • Individual: Depends on the country of origin of each locomotive
Operator names

Here you can set the display of railway company names.

  • Short: Abbreviation or short form of the name
  • Standard: commonly used name, partially translated to English
  • Complete: full name in local language