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US Railroad Administration 2-6-6-2 (Light Mallet)
Chesapeake & Ohio class H-6
United States | 1917 | 40 produced
Chesapeake & Ohio No. 1309 in February 2023 on the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
Chesapeake & Ohio No. 1309 in February 2023 on the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
Doug Boudrow

The second largest of the steam locomotive types standardized by the United States Railroad Administration during World War I was a Mallet with a 2-6-6-2 wheel arrangement. As a basis for this design, the H-2 and H-4 classes of the Chesapeake and Ohio, which had been built from 1911, were used. The aim of the development of these locomotives at C&O was to obtain more powerful locomotives than the Consolidations used for pulling heavy coal trains, but which still have good curve running characteristics. After a single example of the H-1 was built as a saturated steam locomotive in 1910 and pulled trains weighing 3,800 tons, the other machines were built with superheaters

Like the H-2 and H-4, the standard USRA locomotives had an axle load of only 60.100 pounds, which meant that they could also be used on less developed lines. Compared to the older Consolidations they replaced, they could haul a heavier load alone than two of the older locos combined, while still using less coal. The low consumption was also due to the fact that, in contrast to many later American articulated locomotives, they were “real” Mallets and therefore had a compound engine. The high-pressure cylinders were on the rear engine, which was fixed to the frame, and the low-pressure cylinders on the front, movable chassis.

Only 30 examples of the actual standard design were built until about 1940, which were delivered to the C&O and to the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway. Some W&LE locomotives were later leased to Nickel Plate Road. The C&O soon decided to procure a version that was slightly adapted to their own needs instead of the standardized version. This was produced in smaller numbers as the H-6 until 1949 and adapted to modern developments over time. The innovations included roller bearings, an automatic lubrication system and a stoker. The last two units built bore the numbers 1308 and 1309 at the C&O. They were only used from their commissioning in 1949 until 1956 and were the last steam locomotives that Baldwin built for an American company. Today, the restored 1308 sits in Huntington, West Virginia, while 1309 returned to service on the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad as of December 31, 2020.

General
Built1917-1923, 1949
ManufacturerALCO, Baldwin
Axle config2-6-6-2 (Mallet Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length99 ft 8 7/16 in
Wheelbase49 ft 9 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Total wheelbase89 ft 5 in
Service weight448,000 lbs
Adhesive weight358,000 lbs
Total weight654,500 lbs
Axle load60,100 lbs
Water capacity12,000 us gal
Fuel capacity32,000 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power3,500 hp (2,610 kW)
Optimal speed28 mph
Starting effort79,336 lbf
with start valve95,203 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter57 in
Boiler pressure225 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 23 x 32 in
and LP: 35 x 32 in
Boiler
Grate area76.3 sq ft
Firebox area416 sq ft
Tube heating area5,027 sq ft
Evaporative heating area5,443 sq ft
Superheater area1,292 sq ft
Total heating area6,735 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
Mallet
last changed: 03/2022
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