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Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway “Austria” and “Moravia”
Austria-Hungary | 1837 | 2 produced
Model of the “Austria”
Model of the “Austria”

For the opening of Austria's first steam-powered railway, the Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn ordered two two-axle steam locomotives from Stephenson in Newcastle. They were of a standard type offered at the time and had a rear driven axle with five foot wheels. After a voyage across the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, they were unloaded in Trieste and transported across the Semmering by horse-drawn carriage. They were baptized with the names “Austria” and “Moravia”.

After all, “Austria” was the locomotive that undertook the first test run on the line between Floridsdorf and Deutsch-Wagram on November 13, 1837. It is therefore considered the first steam locomotive that ran in Austria. A memorial in Deutsch-Wagram has been commemorating this journey since 1987.

With their 20 hp, they were soon too weak for most tasks. As a result, they had to hand over more and more services to the three-axle locomotives ordered directly after them. Since the operation of two-axle locomotives in Austria was forbidden after a serious accident in France in 1842 and a conversion to three-axle locomotives was not possible, they were soon parked and scrapped.

General
Built1837
ManufacturerStephenson
Axle config2-2-0 (Planet)
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Empty weight16,535 lbs
Service weight20,062 lbs
Adhesive weight9,921 lbs
Axle load9,921 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power27 hp (20 kW)
Optimal speed15 mph
Starting effort1,150 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter60 in
Boiler pressure51 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 10 x 16 in
Boiler
Grate area5.8 sq ft
Firebox area32.6 sq ft
Tube heating area258.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area290.9 sq ft
Total heating area290.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 03/2023
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