The reference for locomotives and railcars
German Federal Railway V 60
later classes 260, 261 and 360 to 365
Germany | 1955 | 942 produced
362 390 in April 2014 in Oberhausen-Osterfeld
362 390 in April 2014 in Oberhausen-Osterfeld
Rob Dammers

In the 1950s, the Bundesbahn needed a shunting locomotive to replace six- and eight-coupled steam locomotives in this role. Development began in 1951 with the participation of all well-known manufacturers, who were to divide production among themselves. Finally, in 1955, a total of four prototypes were built by Krupp, Krauss-Maffei, MaK and Henschel with different engines.

The Maybach engine ultimately used in the series was a development of the GO 6, which had been used in the pre-war period in the SVT 137 series express DMUs. In contrast to the engines of shunting locomotives from other countries, this was turbocharged, but the boost pressure was limited to a moderate 0.4 bars. The hydraulic transmission did not transmit the power to the axles via individual cardan shafts as in the V 80, but to all axles via a single jackshaft and coupling rods. Despite the coupling rods, the middle axle could be shifted sideways by 30 mm for better running through curves.

Identical or at least very similar locomotives were sold to Belgium, Greece and Turkey. Just one year after the start of series production, the locomotives received approval for one-man operation. They were used not only in shunting service, but also in light line service. Of a total of 942 V 60s built, 319 were given a reinforced frame to increase traction, which increased the weight by almost five tonnes. These could be weighed down by a further six tonnes with additional ballast. In the 1960s, the locomotives with lighter frames showed that the frames were too light and had to be reinforced afterwards.

With the renumbering in 1968, the lighter version became the class 260 and the heavier one became the class 261. In the 1980s, some industrial locomotives were tested as possible successors to the V 60, but none were adopted. Nevertheless, at the same time there were already many decommissionings, with some locomotives being sold to private railways. Others were sold to state or private railways in Norway, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Algeria, Italy and Switzerland. To save on personnel costs, the locomotives were classified as light locomotives in 1987 to be able to use less trained personell and the class numbers were changed to 360 and 361, respectively.

In the 1990s, many locomotives from the classes 360 and 361 were equipped with remote controls and were thus redesignated as classes 364 and 365. They also received automatic shunting couplers and Caterpillar engines. The unconverted locomotives were retired by 2003. In 2015, 221 of the converted ones were still available.

Variantstandard variantreinforced framere-engined
Built1955-1963from 1997
ManufacturerMaK, Krupp, Henschel, Krauss-Maffei, Jung, Esslingen, KHD, Gmeinder
Axle configC 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length34 ft 3 7/16 in
Wheelbase14 ft 5 1/4 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 5 1/4 in
Service weight106,483 lbs116,845 lbs106,483 lbs
Adhesive weight106,483 lbs116,845 lbs106,483 lbs
Axle load35,494 lbs39,683 lbs35,494 lbs
Power sourcediesel-hydraulic
Top speed37 mph
Starting effort26,527 lbf29,675 lbf26,527 lbf
EngineMaybach GTO 6/6ACaterpillar 3412E DI-TTA
Engine typeV12 diesel
Fuel396 us gal (diesel)476 us gal (diesel)396 us gal (diesel)
Engine output641 hp (478 kW)624 hp (465 kW)
Power Plant
Calculated Values
diesel locomotive
last changed: 02/2023

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