The reference for locomotives and railcars
Japanese National Railways class ED60
Japan | 1958 | 8 produced
An ED60 together with an EF58 in 1978 in front of a freight train
An ED60 together with an EF58 in 1978 in front of a freight train

The ED60 was the first representative of a new generation of DC locomotives, which was characterized by the use of smaller, lighter, high-performance traction motors, which made it possible to dispense with carrying axles. The two motors of each bogie were connected in series and operated with a voltage of 750 volts. Due to their small size and high power, the locomotives in Japan were referred to as “nuclear locomotives”, based on the comic “Astro Boy”. They had gangway doors at the ends, which were used in multiple traction.

There were only eight ED60, which came from different manufacturers. The first came from Mitsubishi, four from Kawasaki and three were built jointly by Toyo and Kisha Seizo. They were used in front of freight trains on branch lines that had been bought up by private railways. For routes that were suitable for a higher axle load, some of the locomotives were built with an artificially increased mass of four tons. The EF60, which was introduced a short time later, was intended for main lines. The use of the ED60 ended in 1986 when freight traffic ended on the traditional routes.

Variantstandard variantHanwa line
ManufacturerKawasaki, Mitsubishi, Tōyō & Kisha Seizō
Axle configB-B 
Gauge3 ft 6 in (Cape gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length42 ft 7 13/16 in
Service weight123,459 lbs132,277 lbs
Adhesive weight123,459 lbs132,277 lbs
Axle load30,865 lbs33,069 lbs
Power sourceelectric - DC
Electric system1,500 V
Hourly power2,092 hp (1,560 kW)
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort28,326 lbf
Power Plant
Calculated Values
electric locomotive
last changed: 03/2022

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