The reference for locomotives and railcars


Page views since 2023-01-26: 410357
DB AG classes 422 to 426
Germany | 1998 | 878 produced
423 039 in May 2011 in Cologne
423 039 in May 2011 in Cologne
Hugh Llewelyn / CC-BY-SA 2.0

The class 423 was the first in a series of S-Bahn multiple units that had been purchased since the late 1990s to replace the aging class 420. Although the latter had been built up to that point, it was a 1960's design and the first examples had already reached the end of their useful life.

In contrast to its predecessor, the class 423 consists of four instead of three cars with the same overall length. While each car previously had two bogies of its own, the middle cars now rest on shared Jakobs bogies. This is just one of the weight reduction measures used, which reduced the curb weight by a total of 24 tonnes with the same number of seats. With 50 kW less motor power, acceleration was also significantly improved compared to the newer, weight-optimized versions of the 420 series. Four of the five bogies have two powered axles. The gangways between the cars are now open, which, among other things, enables a better distribution of passengers. With now three instead of four double doors per side, the total number of doors remained the same to enable quick entry and exit.

The vehicles quickly got the nickname “Quietschie” (from the German word for “squeak”), which came about due to a special feature of the combined power and brake lever. When starting off quickly, this is responsible for brakes still being applied lightly when the power is already switched on and therefore make a squeaking noise.

The classes 424 and 425 followed in 1999, which are identical to the class 423 in terms of length and power train. The different classes can be explained by minor adjustments for different areas of application. The class 425 has a toilet, fewer doors and different entry heights so that it can also be used outside the actual S-Bahn network. Some classes have LZB and are allowed to run at 160 km/h. The class 426 is a two-car version of the 425 with two of the three bogies powered. This is used for routes with low passenger volume and to reinforce existing trains. The most modern variant is the class 422, which has been built for the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn since 2007. The most important change is the adaptation of the vehicle fronts to the latest crash standards, which has increased the overall length by around two meters with additional crumple zones and anti-climbing devices.

There were some delays in the certification, which were caused, among other things, by a lack of braking performance in bad weather, software problems and problems with the door locking systems. By 2010, over 600 trains had been completed, of which 462 belonged to the class 423. Since 2013, some trains have been optically adapted to the even more modern class 430, which, in addition to LED lighting and an expanded passenger information system, also includes improvements in accessibility.

Variant422 to 425426
ManufacturerABB, Adtranz, Alstom, Bombardier
Axle configB-B-2-B-B B-2-B 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length221 ft 1 9/16 in119 ft 8 5/8 in
Wheelbase57 ft 8 1/2 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 10 5/16 in
Empty weight251,327 lbs139,332 lbs
Service weight285,498 lbs156,528 lbs
Power sourceelectric - AC
Electric system15.000 V 16⅔ Hz
Continuous power2,146 hp (1,600 kW)1,073 hp (800 kW)
Top speed99 mph
Starting effort32,597 lbf16,411 lbf
Power Plant
Calculated Values
last changed: 02/2022

We use cookies to save the following settings:

  • selected navigation structure
  • selected language
  • preferred units
  • spelling of railway company names

If you refuse the use of cookies, the settings will only be retained for the current session and will be reset to the default values the next time you visit the site.

Display of units

Here you can set the desired unit system for the technical data.

  • Metric: Lengths in meters, weights in tonnes, and volumes in cubic meters
  • Imperial (UK): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in long tons and volumes in imperial gallons
  • Imperial (US): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in pounds, and volumes in US gallons
  • Individual: Depends on the country of origin of each locomotive
Operator names

Here you can set the display of railway company names.

  • Short: Abbreviation or short form of the name
  • Standard: commonly used name, partially translated to English
  • Complete: full name in local language