The reference for locomotives and railcars


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Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée 241 A and D
French State Railway 5-241 A and D
France | 1925 | 145 produced
Die Lokomotive, August 1928

The PLM operated some main routes on which important express trains with high passenger numbers had to be transported. One of these was the north-south connection from Calais to the Riviera, on which the “Train Bleu” ran with many passengers from Great Britain. Since the Pacifics were not sufficient there, one of the first Mountain locomotives in Europe was developed in 1925 with the 241 A 1. Their requirement program stipulated that they should be able to pull 600-ton express trains at 110 km/h on the flat and at 75 to 80 km/h on the route between Laroche and Dijon with gradients of 0.4 to 0.8 percent.

As a compound locomotive based on the De Glehn design, the low-pressure cylinders were on the outside at the height of the bogie, while the inner high-pressure cylinders were moved further to the rear. They drove the first and second coupled axle, which led to very short connecting rods. The bogie had a play of 61 mm to each side, the second coupled axle had wheel flanges weakened by 21 mm, the third coupled axle could be shifted 21 mm to each side and the trailing axle was an Adams axle which was radially adjustable by 96 mm to each side. The smoke box door was cone-shaped for better streamlining.

After the prototype there were the production engines No. 2 to 80 also from Schneider, the 81 to 95 from Marine et d'Homécourt, the 96 to 115 again from Schneider and finally two more deliveries from Marine et d'Homécourt, with the numbers 116 to 125 and 126 to 145. The boiler dimensions of the production engines had been changed slightly, the superheater had even been reduced from 105 to 86 m². A boiler output of 2,180 hp was calculated for a journey with a 625-tonne express train on the route between Laroche and Blaisy-Blas. Even with an 850-tonne express train, it was still possible to reach 70 km/h at 0.5 percent.

From 1932 a total of 48 of the 145 locomotives were rebuilt by André Chapelon to achieve higher efficiency and greater power. He increased the diameter of the connecting pipes between the high and low pressure cylinders and installed a double Kylchap exhaust system. In addition, large smoke deflectors were fitted and the cone-shaped smokebox door replaced with a flat one. The locomotives converted in this way were classified as 241 D, with the running numbers being retained. At SNCF, the two classes became the 5-241 A and 5-241 D.

Variant241 Arebuilt 241 D
Built1925, 1927-1932from 1932
ManufacturerSchneider, Marine et d'Homécourt
Axle config4-8-2 (Mountain) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length82 ft 0 1/4 in
Length loco53 ft 11 5/8 in
Wheelbase42 ft 11 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase19 ft 2 5/16 in
Empty weight227,252 lbs
Service weight254,082 lbs265,458 lbs
Adhesive weight163,142 lbs
Total weight429,901 lbs
Axle load40,785 lbs
Water capacity7,925 us gal
Fuel capacity15,432 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power2,643 hp (1,971 kW)
Estimated power3,084 hp (2,300 kW)
Optimal speed43 mph50 mph
Top speed68 mph
Starting effort39,406 lbf
with start valve47,287 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter70.5 in
Boiler pressure232 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 20 1/16 x 25 9/16 in
and LP: 28 3/8 x 27 9/16 in
Grate area53.8 sq ft
Firebox area255.1 sq ft
Tube heating area2,394.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,649.6 sq ft
Superheater area931.6 sq ft
Total heating area3,581.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
De Glehn compound
André Chapelon
last changed: 09/2022

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