The reference for locomotives and railcars


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North Eastern classes C and C1
London & North Eastern class J21
Great Britain | 1886 | 201 produced
LNER J21 No. 65110 in June 1954 at Heaton Depot
LNER J21 No. 65110 in June 1954 at Heaton Depot
Ben Brooksbank / An ex-NE Worsdell J21 0-6-0 at Heaton Locomotive Depot

Between 1886 and 1894 the North Eastern Railway had 171 class C goods locomotives built with compound engines. However, these had an insufficient reliability and excessive consumption. At the same time, 30 class C1 locomotives were built, which had a simple engine. Ultimately, between 1901 and 1913, all class C locomotives were rebuilt to class C1 and the entire class was then renamed C.

In 1923 all locomotives came to the LNER and became class J21. The first few locomotives were retired in 1929, but most were still in use in 1943. British Railways took over 81 in 1948, the last of which were retired in 1962. Today only the locomotive with the BR number 65033 still exists, which is being restored to operational condition in Loughborough for several years.

VariantCC1C1 superheated
Built1886-18941886-1894, 1901-19131914-1925
ManufacturerGateshead, Darlington
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase16 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase16 ft 6 in
Total wheelbase37 ft 9 3/4 in
Service weight93,688 lbs92,960 lbs94,976 lbs
Adhesive weight93,688 lbs92,960 lbs94,976 lbs
Total weight165,368 lbs164,640 lbs177,408 lbs
Axle load31,920 lbs34,720 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power580 hp (433 kW)520 hp (388 kW)750 hp (559 kW)
Optimal speed32 mph22 mph25 mph
Starting effort11,672 lbf15,108 lbf19,238 lbf
with start valve14,006 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter61.3 in
Boiler pressure160 psi140 psi160 psi
Expansion typecompoundsimple
Cylinderstwo, HP: 18 x 24 in
and LP: 26 x 24 in
two, 18 x 24 intwo, 19 x 24 in
Grate area17.2 sq ft
Firebox area110 sq ft108 sq ft
Tube heating area1,026 sq ft1,016 sq ft934 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,136 sq ft1,126 sq ft1,042 sq ft
Superheater area184 sq ft
Total heating area1,136 sq ft1,126 sq ft1,226 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Thomas William Worsdell
last changed: 09/2023

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