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Tender Locomotives 0-6-0 “Six-coupled”[Inhalt]
UIC Classification C
Albion Mines “Samson”, “Hercules” and “John Buddle”
Canada | 1838 | 3 produced
“Samson” at the “Fair of the Iron Horse” 1927
“Samson” at the “Fair of the Iron Horse” 1927
Fraser / Nova Scotia archivees

The “Samson” and its two sisters were among the first steam locomotives in Canada. They had been ordered from the Albion mines in Nova Scotia and built by Hackworth in Durham. In May 1839 they arrived disassembled by ship in Canada and were then taken to their destination and assembled.

The three coupled axles were driven by vertical cylinders. The boiler had a return flue, meaning the firebox and chimney were both at the front. Thus, the positions of engine driver and fireman were at opposite ends.

Despite its primitive design, the “Samson” remained in regular service with the Albion Mines until 1867, during which time it also had to pull passenger trains. Up until 1885, it was used to provide reinforcement when needed and had a higher tractive effort than more modern, faster locomotives. In 1883 it made a trip to the Chicago Railroad Fair.

Only in 1893 it was rescued from the junkyard and preserved with a passenger car by the Baltimore & Ohio until it came back to Canada in 1927. Today it can be seen in the museum in Stellarton, Nova Scotia. This makes it the oldest surviving locomotive in Canada and also is almost in its original condition.

General
Built1838
ManufacturerTimothy Hackworth
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase8 ft 8 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 8 in
Service weight37,920 lbs
Adhesive weight37,920 lbs
Axle load12,640 lbs
Water capacity540 us gal
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power80 hp (60 kW)
Optimal speed13 mph
Top speed8 mph
Starting effort3,954 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter48 in
Boiler pressure60 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 1/4 x 16 in
Boiler
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
Timothy Hackworth
prototype
last changed: 04/2023
Aussig-Teplitz Railway classes IIa and IIb
Czechoslovak State Railways class 320.1
Austria-Hungary | 1859 | 37 produced
ATE IIb “Bilin” on a Hartmann works photo
ATE IIb “Bilin” on a Hartmann works photo

The Aussig-Teplitz railway was built in northern Bohemia in 1858 primarily to transport the lignite mined there. After the first passenger locomotives had been delivered by Borsig, in 1859 the first freight locomotive with a 0-6-0 wheel arrangement was also delivered by Borsig. Since this locomotive was classified as too powerful for its time, initially only four more units were ordered between 1864 and 1867, which, however, were supplied by the Wiener Neustadt locomotive factory Sigl. They were classified in type IIa and remained the only ones of their kind at ATE until 1870. Only after the extension of the main line did the construction of 32 further units begin at Hartmann in Chemnitz and at Sigl, which became class IIb.

Characteristics of the locomotives were the disc wheels and the outer frame. The cylinders were on the outside under the frame, while the valve gear was on the inside. Although the lignite available on site was burned, a firebox pulled between the wheels was large enough. Since increased sparks had to be expected from the lignite, all ATE locomotives were fitted with a large spark-arresting chimney.

The locomotives were mainly used to transport lignite and fulfilled this role well into the twentieth century. After Bohemia became part of the newly founded Czechoslovakia in 1918, the ATE initially continued to exist. Only in 1924 it was nationalized and incorporated into the CSD. At that time, 36 of 37 examples were still running, which now became the class 320.1. They eventually retired from service by 1938.

General
Built1859-1885
ManufacturerBorsig, Sigl, Hartmann
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase8 ft 2 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase8 ft 2 3/4 in
Service weight74,296 lbs
Adhesive weight74,296 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power377 hp (281 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort14,807 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter43.9 in
Boiler pressure116 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 9/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area16.4 sq ft
Firebox area88.3 sq ft
Tube heating area1,224.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,313.2 sq ft
Total heating area1,313.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Aussig-Teplitz Railway classes IIIa and IIIb
Czechoslovak State Railways classes 322.3 and 322.4
Austria-Hungary | 1869 | 35 produced
IIIa No. 20 “Rothenhaus”
IIIa No. 20 “Rothenhaus”
Die Lokomotive, February 1913

Since the Aussig-Teplitz Railway had a network with many gradients, the power of the existing class I 2-4-0 passenger locomotives was no longer sufficient at a relatively early time. For this reason, starting in 1869, a total of nine class IIIa six-coupled tender locomotives were ordered from Hartmann, which were primarily intended for use in front of passenger trains. Compared to class IIa and class IIb freight locomotives, they had larger wheels with a diameter of 1,370 mm, which allowed higher track speeds. Like the freight locomotives, they had a large Kobel chimney and internal valve gear, but unlike these no external frame. Between 1889 and 1894, 26 more, almost identical locomotives were ordered from the Wiener Neustädter Lokomotivfabrik and designated as class IIIb. The biggest difference was that the slightly more powerful boiler was now operated with eleven instead of ten bars.

IIIb No. 14 “Rauschengrund”
IIIb No. 14 “Rauschengrund”

The locomotives were also used in front of heavy freight trains, but were mostly found in front of passenger trains. Most engines survived until the nationalization of the ATE in 1924. They were now classified in the CSD classes 322.3 and 322.4. While the older type was completely phased out in the 1920s, 13 examples of the 322.4 were still available when the Sudetenland was annexed in 1938. The Reichsbahn gave them the numbers 53 7401 to 53 7413. Since they remained in their area of operation during the war, they returned to the CSD in 1945 and were singled out shortly thereafter.

VariantIIIaIIIb
General
Built1869-18741889-1894
ManufacturerHartmannWiener Neustadt
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length loco27 ft 6 11/16 in28 ft 3 3/8 in
Wheelbase10 ft 4 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 4 in
Empty weight68,784 lbs71,650 lbs
Service weight82,232 lbs81,130 lbs
Adhesive weight82,232 lbs81,130 lbs
Axle load27,410 lbs27,044 lbs
Water capacity2,378 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power429 hp (320 kW)
Estimated power483 hp (360 kW)
Optimal speed16 mph
Starting effort17,609 lbf19,230 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.9 in54.3 in
Boiler pressure145 psi160 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 15/16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area15.4 sq ft16.4 sq ft
Firebox area87.2 sq ft90.4 sq ft
Tube heating area1,076.4 sq ft1,107.6 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,163.6 sq ft1,198 sq ft
Total heating area1,163.6 sq ft1,198 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 01/2022
Badenian X c
later VI old
Germany | 1864 | 30 produced
“Randen” on a works photo
“Randen” on a works photo
Variant1864 variant1868 variant
General
Built1864-18671868-1869
ManufacturerMBG Karlsruhe
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 2 3/4 in48 ft 0 3/4 in
Wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Empty weight70,548 lbs73,193 lbs
Service weight78,925 lbs82,012 lbs
Adhesive weight78,925 lbs82,012 lbs
Axle load26,235 lbs27,337 lbs
Water capacity1,926 us gal
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power248 hp (185 kW)302 hp (225 kW)
Optimal speed11 mph12 mph
Top speed31 mph
Starting effort14,347 lbf16,140 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter60 in
Boiler pressure116 psi130 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 x 27 in
Boiler
Grate area11.7 sq ft12.6 sq ft
Firebox area68.6 sq ft71.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,061.4 sq ft1,165.1 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,130 sq ft1,236.7 sq ft
Total heating area1,130 sq ft1,236.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 09 2023
Badenian X d
later VII a and German Reichsbahn class 5385
Germany | 1866 | 171 produced
Factory photo of the manufacturer MBG Karlsruhe
Factory photo of the manufacturer MBG Karlsruhe

The type X d, known as VII a according to the new scheme from 1868, was the first freight locomotive to be purchased in large numbers by the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways. With more and more improvements, it was able to stay in production from 1866 to 1891, resulting in 171 engines from 17 batches.

To increase the adhesive weight, all three axles were coupled, with the power being applied by the outside cylinders to the middle axle. The Stephenson-type valve gear was inside, and the greater wheelbase between the first two axles compared to the rear two is visible. In the first three batches, a large steam dome was used directly above the firebox, later a Belpaire firebox and a steam dome on the boiler barrel were used. Boiler pressure was nine bars for most batches, but was increased to ten bars for the last two batches due to advances in manufacturing and materials. Later, some engines even received a new boiler with twelve bars pressure. Two and three-axle models with different capacities were used as tenders. After retiring from line service, some locomotives were converted into tank locomotives and received a new driver's cab that was better suited for shunting.

By the outbreak of the First World War, 141 of the 171 units were still in use and the Reichsbahn finally took over 44 units in 1925, including three units from the first year of production. However, not only these were already obsolete, but also the newer batches and thus all examples of the locomotive now designated as class 5385 were retired before 1930.

Variant1866 variant1869 variant1890 variant
General
Built1866-18671868-18891890-1891
ManufacturerMBG Karlsruhe
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 0 9/16 in48 ft 5 5/16 in
Wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Empty weight68,564 lbs74,406 lbs78,484 lbs
Service weight78,484 lbs84,437 lbs88,626 lbs
Adhesive weight78,484 lbs84,437 lbs88,626 lbs
Axle load26,015 lbs28,219 lbs29,542 lbs
Water capacity2,113 us gal
Fuel capacity8,818 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power322 hp (240 kW)335 hp (250 kW)402 hp (300 kW)
Optimal speed11 mph12 mph13 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort18,690 lbf18,241 lbf20,075 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter48 in49.2 in49.7 in
Boiler pressure130 psi145 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 x 25 in
Boiler
Grate area13.6 sq ft14.3 sq ft15.8 sq ft
Firebox area75.3 sq ft77.3 sq ft80.7 sq ft
Tube heating area1,254.2 sq ft1,239.6 sq ft1,252.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,329.6 sq ft1,316.9 sq ft1,333.2 sq ft
Total heating area1,329.6 sq ft1,316.9 sq ft1,333.2 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Badenian VII d
German Reichsbahn classes 5386 and 539
Germany | 1893 | 109 produced
Works photo of MBG Karlsruhe
Works photo of MBG Karlsruhe

After decades of procurement of the six-coupled freight locomotive of class VII a (previously X d), the Karlsruhe mechanical engineering company developed the VII d as a successor model. In line with the general trend in the 1990s, the new locomotive had a two-cylinder compound engine.

The first delivery from MBG Karlsruhe consisted of only two locomotives. These had a Belpaire firebox and inside valve gear, but the production locomotives used a Crampton boiler and the usual outside Heusinger valve gear.

A total of 59 units were delivered from Karlsruhe, but there were also 34 more from Maffei and 16 from Maschinenfabrik Esslingen. The model was initially the most powerful six-coupled freight locomotive in Germany. On the main line of the Baden State Railway, which has a gradient of 0.53 percent over a length of 6 km, freight trains weighing 500 to 630 tonnes could be transported at 20 to 30 km/h. However, as time progressed and more powerful locomotives appeared, the use of the VII d increasingly shifted to level routes.

In the preliminary renumbering plan of the Reichsbahn, the VII d was still listed as the series 5386 and 539, but it met the same fate as other older freight locomotives. With its low speed, it was no longer suitable for local freight trains and tank locomotives were preferred for shunting service. Thus, all engines were decommissioned by 1925 and not a single one got the new numbering.

Variant1893 variant1894 variant1901 variant
General
Built1893-1902
ManufacturerMBG Karlsruhe, Maffei, Esslingen
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length48 ft 6 7/16 in51 ft 2 1/16 in
Wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 3 13/16 in
Empty weight84,437 lbs
Service weight96,562 lbs
Adhesive weight96,562 lbs
Axle load32,187 lbs
Water capacity2,113 us gal3,566 us gal
Fuel capacity8,818 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power429 hp (320 kW)469 hp (350 kW)510 hp (380 kW)
Optimal speed14 mph16 mph17 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort19,095 lbf19,092 lbf
with start valve22,914 lbf22,910 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49.7 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 19 11/16 x 25 in
and LP: 27 9/16 x 25 in
two, HP: 19 5/16 x 25 in
and LP: 28 3/4 x 25 in
Boiler
Grate area15.6 sq ft17.4 sq ft18.5 sq ft
Firebox area80.9 sq ft
Tube heating area1,223.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,304.8 sq ft
Total heating area1,304.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Bavarian C I
Germany | 1847 | 5 produced
Model of the “Behaim” in the traffic center of Munich
Model of the “Behaim” in the traffic center of Munich
Universal-Interessierter
General
Built1847-1850
ManufacturerMaffei
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length40 ft 8 3/16 in
Service weight58,202 lbs
Adhesive weight58,202 lbs
Total weight74,957 lbs
Axle load23,149 lbs
Water capacity1,110 us gal
Fuel capacitycoal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power107 hp (80 kW)
Optimal speed6 mph
Top speed25 mph
Starting effort10,801 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter42 in
Boiler pressure87 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area9.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area741.6 sq ft
Total heating area741.6 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Bavarian C III
German Reichsbahn class 5378
Germany | 1868 | 239 produced
No. 600 “Fahrenberg” in 1922 in Munich
No. 600 “Fahrenberg” in 1922 in Munich
Oberreichsbahnrat Dr. Ing. Rudolf Kallmünzer

Some six-coupled freight locomotives, built between 1868 and 1879 a total of 305 times, were called C III by the Bavarian State Railways. A distinction can be made between three slightly different types, of which the standard type made up the largest part with 239 vehicles.

The oldest variant included 52 engines, which the Bavarian Eastern Railway procured in five series from 1867. It was based on the type C, but had a larger-diameter boiler and more grate and heating area to increase power. They came into the stock of the state railway after the takeover of the Eastern Railway in 1876 and were slightly lighter than their sisters.

The standard type was created from the C II of the state railway and was produced from 1868. In contrast to its predecessor, it was driven on the middle axle instead of on the last one. The valve gear was still inside, but was now in the Allan design. The locomotive frame was on the outside, so the power was transmitted via Hall cranks. From the third series of 1876, a larger boiler and larger cylinders were installed. The first two series were later adapted to the later series.

In the years 1872 to 1874, 14 more examples were added, which were originally built by Sigl in Vienna for Hungary with larger tenders and were not accepted. The dimensions of the locomotives themselves were almost identical to the rest of the machines, especially after the installation of a new boiler with the same dimensions.

The last examples of all variants survived until after the First World War and some were included in the Reichsbahn's provisional renumbering plan as class 5378[/]h, but were retired by 1925.

Variant1868 variant1876 variantSigl type
General
Built1868-18751876-18791872-1874
ManufacturerMaffei, KraussSigl
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length46 ft 3 11/16 in48 ft 10 1/4 in
Wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Service weight81,758 lbs83,776 lbs75,398 lbs
Adhesive weight81,758 lbs83,776 lbs75,398 lbs
Axle load26,455 lbs30,865 lbs25,133 lbs
Water capacity2,364 us gal2,774 us gal3,170 us gal
Fuel capacitycoal11,023 lbs (coal)coal
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power436 hp (325 kW)469 hp (350 kW)402 hp (300 kW)
Optimal speed12 mph14 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort23,725 lbf25,540 lbf18,106 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49.2 in50.2 in47.1 in
Boiler pressure145 psi123 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 19 1/8 x 26 intwo, 20 x 26 intwo, 18 1/8 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area17.9 sq ft19.8 sq ft17.4 sq ft
Firebox area79.7 sq ft
Tube heating area1,360 sq ft1,282 sq ft1,235.7 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,439.7 sq ft
Total heating area1,439.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Bavarian C IV1
Germany | 1884 | 87 produced
No. 1419 in 1922 in Munich
No. 1419 in 1922 in Munich
Oberreichsbahnrat Dr. Ing. Rudolf Kallmünzer

After the C I, C II and C III locomotives, which were also six-coupled, the C IV was the first Bavarian freight locomotive that no longer had an outer frame. It was manufactured by Krauss and Maffei from 1884. The locomotives of type C IV had slightly larger wheels than their predecessors and thus not only reached 40 or 45 km/h, but were designed for 50 km/h. In addition, they were built with an air brake, which was not a matter of course for freight trains at that time.

In 1889, two examples with a two-cylinder compound engine were delivered, which proved to be superior to the production model. In addition to the increase in efficiency and performance due to the double steam expansion, the boiler pressure was increased, which was now twelve instead of eleven bars. Thus, from 1892 onwards only engines of composite design were manufactured, while the production of the simple machines came to an end the following year after a total of 87 units. A further 98 units were added to the two test locomotives, so that a total of 100 compound units were built by 1897. The series models had an even higher boiler pressure and a larger cylinder diameter.

Although the locomotives were soon no longer able to cope with the increased loads on main lines and were also too weak for many freight trains on branch lines, the Reichsbahn took over a large number of them as the class 5380-81. The simple locomotives were retired by 1926, the others survived five years longer.

Variantsimplecompound
General
Built1884-18921889-1897
ManufacturerMaffei, Krauss
Axle config0-6-0 (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length47 ft 10 13/16 in49 ft 3 5/16 in
Wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Total wheelbase33 ft 9 1/2 in34 ft 6 9/16 in
Service weight88,185 lbs92,594 lbs
Adhesive weight88,185 lbs92,594 lbs
Total weight148,150 lbs153,221 lbs
Axle load29,321 lbs30,865 lbs
Water capacity2,695 us gal2,774 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power503 hp (375 kW)
Optimal speed14 mph17 mph
Top speed31 mph
Starting effort23,336 lbf19,421 lbf
with start valve23,305 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter52.8 in
Boiler pressure160 psi188 psi
Expansion typesimplecompound
Cylinderstwo, 19 1/8 x 24 13/16 intwo, HP: 19 11/16 x 24 13/16 in
and LP: 27 3/4 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area18 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,203.4 sq ft
Total heating area1,203.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
Bavarian D VII
German Reichsbahn class 9876
Germany | 1880 | 75 produced
The "Fürstenzell" in April 1894 at the opening of the Erlangen-Bruck - Herzogenaurach line
The "Fürstenzell" in April 1894 at the opening of the Erlangen-Bruck - Herzogenaurach line
Stadtarchiv Herzogenaurach / „Erlanger Stadtlexikon”

In addition to the D VI, six-coupled tank locomotives were also procured for steeper local railway routes. While the smaller D VI was built by both Maffei and Krauss from the start, these manufacturers supplied two different models for the higher requirements. One of them was the D V from Maffei, which, however, could not meet the requirements placed on it and was therefore only built ten times. In contrast, the D VII from Krauss was able to convince, and so both companies now delivered a total of 75 pieces at the same time up to 1885.

As with its smaller sister, vacuum brakes were installed right from the start, which were later replaced by air brakes. For use on steep stretches, it was also fitted with a Riggenbach counter-pressure brake. With the exception of one example, the Reichsbahn took over all of them and classified them as class 9876. Their decommissioning began soon after the takeover and was completed by 1935. One machine each survived in the Nuremberg and Hof depots and was used there for shunting until 1960. A previously decommissioned example, the former number 1854 or 98 7658, can now be viewed in the Localbahn Museum in Bayerisch Eisenstein.

Variant1880 variant1885 variant
General
Built1880-18851885-1895
ManufacturerMaffei, Krauss
Axle config0-6-0T (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length24 ft 9 1/4 in5 ft 9 1/2 in
Empty weight40,124 lbs45,636 lbs
Service weight58,863 lbs62,170 lbs
Adhesive weight58,863 lbs62,170 lbs
Axle load19,621 lbs20,723 lbs
Water capacity845 us gal977 us gal
Fuel capacity1,764 lbs (coal)2,205 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power174 hp (130 kW)
Optimal speed9 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort12,606 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter39.6 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 13 x 20 in
Boiler
Grate area8.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area539.9 sq ft
Total heating area539.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
secondary line
tank locomotive
last changed: 01/2022
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