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Tender Locomotives 2-6-0 “Mogul”[Inhalt]
UIC Classification 1'C
Bavarian C VI and G 3/4 N
German Reichsbahn class 5413-14
Germany | 1899 | 120 produced
No. 1666, the later 54 1428, in 1919 with a passenger train in Munich
No. 1666, the later 54 1428, in 1919 with a passenger train in Munich
Oberreichsbahnrat Dr. Ing. Rudolf Kallmünzer
VariantC VIG 3/4 N
General
Built1899-19051907-1909
ManufacturerMaffei, KraussKrauss
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 2 7/16 in57 ft 3 5/16 in
Wheelbase21 ft 3 7/8 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 5 13/16 in
Service weight121,695 lbs123,018 lbs
Adhesive weight93,917 lbs95,240 lbs
Total weight218,257 lbs219,801 lbs
Axle load31,306 lbs31,747 lbs
Water capacity4,755 us gal
Fuel capacity14,330 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed23 mph
Top speed37 mph
Starting effort20,041 lbf
with start valve24,049 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter52.8 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 19 11/16 x 24 13/16 in
and LP: 29 1/8 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area24.2 sq ft
Firebox area117.5 sq ft
Tube heating area1,492.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,609.8 sq ft
Total heating area1,609.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
Bavarian G 3/4 H
German Reichsbahn class 5415-17
Germany | 1919 | 225 produced
G 3/4 No. 7210
G 3/4 No. 7210

From 1899 the D VI or G 3/4 N had been procured, which was a saturated freight locomotive for flat routes. From 1919 the G 3/4 H was built, which had a similar design, but was to be much more efficient through the use of superheated steam

In addition to the use of a superheater and adapted cylinders, a feedwater heater and a larger and therefore more powerful boiler were introduced. Since it was only a freight locomotive, it was decided to build the leading axle as an Adams axle instead of the complex Krauss-Helmholtz bogie. Some improvements were implemented during production. For example, the steam dome and sandbox were later separated from each other, initially both were housed under a common cover. In addition, the shell of the boiler was made thicker to increase the adhesion weight.

Shortly after they were delivered, the locomotives were taken over by the Reichsbahn as the class 5415-17. In contrast to their predecessors, they were not retired in the 1930s, but most examples even survived the Second World War. After the war, most came to the Bundesbahn, where 54 1632 was the last to be retired in 1966. At the end of the war, some engines were also on Austrian territory and were used there by the ÖBB as class 654. These were in service until 1957.

No complete G 3/4 H does exist until today. Remains of an engine destroyed by bombs during the war were found in 2004 during construction work at Treuchtlingen station. Since then, these have been exhibited in the Bavarian Railway Museum in Nördlingen.

Variantvariant 1919variant 1921
General
Built1919-19211921-1923
ManufacturerMaffei, Krauss
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 5 in
Wheelbase21 ft 11 3/4 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in
Total wheelbase46 ft 1 1/8 in
Service weight135,364 lbs137,127 lbs
Adhesive weight108,026 lbs109,790 lbs
Axle load35,935 lbs36,817 lbs
Water capacity4,808 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,026 hp (765 kW)
Optimal speed21 mph
Top speed40 mph
Starting effort31,337 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.2 in
Boiler pressure188 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 20 1/2 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area28.4 sq ft
Firebox area108.1 sq ft
Tube heating area1,409.7 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,507.1 sq ft
Superheater area394.5 sq ft
Total heating area1,901.6 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 01/2022
British Rail Standard class 2
Great Britain | 1952 | 65 produced
flickr/Historical Railway Images

The team around Riddles designed the class 2 with the wheel arrangement 2-6-0 as the smallest tender locomotive among the standard classes. It was designed for use with all types of trains on branch lines and therefore had an axle load of less than 14 tons. So it had the route availability 3, i.e. the lowest category, which means it could be used on all lines.

The basis was the LMS Ivatt class 2 2-6-0. Since the LMS had a larger loading gauge than many other British railways, it had to be fitted with a smaller cab. In order to improve the working conditions for the crew when reversing, the type BR3 tender was fitted with weather protection. The fittings on the boiler have been adapted to the standard program.

In the first few months, the LMS locomotive and the standard locomotive were built in Darlington at the same time. The standard locomotive earned the nickname “Mickey Mouse” because it was quite powerful despite its small size. As planned, it was used on branch lines in front of passenger and freight trains and for shunting. Although Riddles had put great effort in the working conditions during development, the cab was apparently drafty and a lot of dirt quickly accumulated. Most machines were retired between 1965 and 1967. Today four units are still preserved, one of which is being converted into a standard class 2 tank variant.

General
Built1952-1956
ManufacturerDarlington
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length53 ft 2 1/2 in
Wheelbase22 ft 3 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 9 in
Service weight110,208 lbs
Adhesive weight90,720 lbs
Total weight192,752 lbs
Axle load30,800 lbs
Water capacity3,600 us gal
Fuel capacity8,960 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power850 hp (634 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Starting effort18,513 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter60 in
Boiler pressure200 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 16 1/2 x 24 in
Boiler
Grate area17.5 sq ft
Firebox area101 sq ft
Tube heating area924 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,025 sq ft
Superheater area124 sq ft
Total heating area1,149 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
Robert Arthur Riddles
last changed: 01/2023
British Rail Standard class 3
Great Britain | 1954
No. 77019 immediately after delivery in September 1954 at Crewe
No. 77019 immediately after delivery in September 1954 at Crewe
Ben Brooksbank / A new BR Standard locomotive at Crewe Station
General
Built1954
ManufacturerSwindon
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 11 1/4 in
Wheelbase24 ft 1 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 4 in
Service weight127,904 lbs
Adhesive weight108,640 lbs
Axle load36,400 lbs
Water capacity5,044 us gal
Fuel capacity13,440 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power950 hp (708 kW)
Optimal speed28 mph
Starting effort21,486 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63 in
Boiler pressure200 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 1/2 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area23 sq ft
Firebox area118 sq ft
Tube heating area813 sq ft
Evaporative heating area931 sq ft
Superheater area186 sq ft
Total heating area1,117 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
last changed: 03 2024
British Rail Standard class 4 2-6-0
Great Britain | 1952 | 115 produced
flickr/Historical Railway Images

Of the three 2-6-0 BR Standard locomotives, the biggest was the class 4. It was developed by Robert Riddles at Doncaster and based on the LMS Ivatt class 4. Although classified as mixed traffic locomotives, they were primarily intended for use in freight service. But although they had a driver diameter of only 5 ft 3 in, they were nevertheless regularly used in passenger service.

They used the same cylinders as the class 3 tender and tank locomotives, but had a larger boiler and a higher pressure. Like all BR standard locomotives, they had outside cylinders and outside Valve gear. With an axle load as low as 16 tons 15 cwt, they could be operated almost everywhere.

The first 70 were built at Doncaster and 45 more at Horwich. At both of these works, the last class 4 was also the last steam locomotive built there. They were allocated to all BR regions except the Western Region. With a total of 37 and 35, the Scottish and Southern Regions got the most. They were withdrawn between 1964 and 1967 and four are preserved. Three of these have been operational again, with only 76017 being operational today. 76077 is now being restored to be operational again.

General
Built1952-1957
ManufacturerHorwich, Doncaster
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length60 ft 0 in
Wheelbase24 ft 1 in
Fixed wheelbase15 ft 4 in
Total wheelbase45 ft 11 in
Service weight132,384 lbs
Adhesive weight113,120 lbs
Total weight226,500 lbs
Axle load37,520 lbs
Water capacity4,203 us gal
Fuel capacity13,440 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,100 hp (820 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Starting effort24,172 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63 in
Boiler pressure225 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 1/2 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area23 sq ft
Firebox area131 sq ft
Tube heating area959 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,090 sq ft
Superheater area231 sq ft
Total heating area1,321 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
Robert Arthur Riddles
last changed: 05/2024
Cape Copper Co. Scotia class
Namaqualand Scotia class
South Africa | 1900 | 6 produced
Factory photo showing either No. 9 “Hibernia” or No. 10 “Cambria”
Factory photo showing either No. 9 “Hibernia” or No. 10 “Cambria”
Kitson, National Railway Museum York collection
General
Built1900-1905
ManufacturerKitson & Co.
Axle config0-6-2 (Webb) 
Gauge2 ft 6 in (Two feet six inch)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase11 ft 3 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 3 in
Service weight57,120 lbs
Total weight81,760 lbs
Water capacity1,201 us gal
Fuel capacity6,720 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power250 hp (186 kW)
Optimal speed11 mph
Starting effort14,578 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter36 in
Boiler pressure150 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 14 x 21 in
Boiler
Grate area15 sq ft
Firebox area73.5 sq ft
Tube heating area559.5 sq ft
Evaporative heating area633 sq ft
Total heating area633 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
last changed: 08 2023
German Reichsbahn class 24
Polish State Railways Oi2
Germany | 1928 | 95 produced
24 009 in 1985 in the Bochum-Dahlhausen Museum
24 009 in 1985 in the Bochum-Dahlhausen Museum
Manfred Kopka

The class 24 was one of the few German tender locomotives which were developed directly for use on branch lines. In order to make the best possible use of the advantages of the standard program, it was developed together with the tank locomotive of the class 64. Both locomotives were almost identical except for the water tank on the 64 up to the cab.

In West and East Prussia, the Reichsbahn had an extensive network of branch lines that lay in the flat land and had long distances between stops. However, most tender locomotives could not be used on many of these routes because the axle loads were too high. This is how the 24 was created as a passenger locomotive with a 2-6-0 wheel arrangement, whose maximum axle load was 15 tonnes and which was designed for 90 km/h. With its long range, it quickly gained a reputation as a flat land racer, and it was also nicknamed the “steppe horse”. In comparison to other standard locomotives, the 24 stood out because the boiler was mounted relatively far forward, meaning that the cylinders and chimney were not at the same level. The construction of the chassis could be kept quite simple due to the small number of axles. The mounting of the leading axle in a Bissel frame and weakened flanges on the central coupled axle were sufficient to achieve good running characteristics.

A total of 95 pieces were made, which were delivered between 1928 and 1940. The 24 069 and 070 were designed as medium-pressure machines with a boiler pressure of 25 bar. The former got a two-cylinder compound engine and the latter uniflow cylinders. While the 070 was not convincing at all and was later reverted to the status of the production engines, the 069 achieved the lowest specific steam consumption of all standard locomotives. Due to problems with the higher pressure, both were later only operated at 20 bar.

Compound medium-pressure test engine 24 069 ##
Compound medium-pressure test engine 24 069 ##
Die Lokomotive, January 1936

Since the engines were purchased for the eastern areas of the Reich, 34 units came to the Polish State Railways after the end of the Second World War, which used them until 1976 under the designation Oi2. A larger part of 47 pieces came to the Bundesbahn, where they were all retired between 1960 and 1966. The Reichsbahn received only four engines, three of which had been retired before 1970. The only remaining 24 009 finally got the number 37 1009 and was sold two years later.

VariantProduction variant24 069
General
Built1928-19401932
ManufacturerBorsig, Hanomag, Henschel, Krupp, Linke-Hofmann, SchichauBorsig
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length55 ft 7 1/2 in
Wheelbase20 ft 8 1/16 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 9 3/4 in
Empty weight117,727 lbs117,947 lbs
Service weight128,529 lbs128,970 lbs
Adhesive weight99,208 lbs100,641 lbs
Total weight221,785 lbs222,226 lbs
Axle load33,290 lbs33,620 lbs
Water capacity4,227 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power908 hp (677 kW)
Estimated power1,207 hp (900 kW)
Optimal speed20 mph33 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort29,434 lbf23,283 lbf
with start valve27,940 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter59.1 in
Boiler pressure203 psi363 psi
Expansion typesimplecompound
Cylinderstwo, 19 11/16 x 26 intwo, HP: 15 3/4 x 26 in
and LP: 23 5/8 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area22 sq ft22.2 sq ft
Firebox area93.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,031 sq ft1,026.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,124.6 sq ft1,120 sq ft
Superheater area401.9 sq ft394 sq ft
Total heating area1,526.5 sq ft1,513.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
last changed: 01/2022
Alsace-Lorraine G 5
French State Railway 1-130 C 62 to 273
Germany | 1900 | 215 produced
Die Lokomotive, August 1904

Between 1900 and 1907, the Reichseisenbahnen Alsace-Lorraine procured a total of 215 tender locomotives based on the Prussian G 52. They also had a two-cylinder compound engine. In contrast, they were not only confined to freight trains, but also passenger trains if necessary, for which they received a continuous Westinghouse brake.

A total of four slightly different variants were built by a variety of manufacturers, the first three of which were designated the C29, C31 and C32. On the C32, the boiler was placed higher to make room for a deeper firebox. The last 71 locomotives received no special designation.

The low axle load ensured that the locomotives could be used freely. On branch lines in particular, they replaced old freight locomotives with a 0-6-0 wheel arrangement. Despite the low top speed, they were also actually used to pull passenger trains.

After the First World War, some locomotives were treated exactly like Prussian G 52, partly distributed to Germany and also taken to Poland and Lithuania. Those that remained in France were used by the SNCF from 1938 as 1-130 C until the 1950s. Seven were rescued to Luxembourg during World War II and became part of the CFL.

General
Built1900-1907
ManufacturerBMAG, Borsig, Grafenstaden, Hanomag, Hartmann, Henschel, Humboldt, Schichau
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length56 ft 7 3/4 in
Service weight110,451 lbs
Adhesive weight88,405 lbs
Axle load29,469 lbs
Water capacity3,170 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power738 hp (550 kW)
Optimal speed29 mph
Top speed40 mph
Starting effort16,452 lbf
with start valve19,742 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter53.2 in
Boiler pressure174 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylinderstwo, HP: 18 7/8 x 24 13/16 in
and LP: 26 3/4 x 24 13/16 in
Boiler
Grate area24.8 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,517.7 sq ft
Total heating area1,517.7 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
passenger
last changed: 07/2023
Finnish Railway series G1, G2 and G4 “Pikku-Rusko”
later class Sk1
Finland | 1884 | 51 produced
Die Lokomotive, May 1916

These locomotives were built from 1884 by the Swiss SLM for the Finnish State Railways. They were intended for mixed service and were called “Pikku-Rusko”, which means “Little Brown”. Since only low axle loads and a maximum speed of 40 km/h were permitted in Finland, the locomotives could be developed cheaply and with a simple chassis based on the American model.

No. 124 in the Hyvinkaa Railway Museum
No. 124 in the Hyvinkaa Railway Museum
Harveyqs

The chassis with the 2-6-0 wheel arrangement could therefore be designed with a simple Bissel axle and a relatively large wheel base. They burned the wood available in abundance in Finland and had a boiler with an inner lining of asbestos and wood. The grate was provided with only a few air gaps so as not to suck in too much cold air.

General
Built1884-1896
ManufacturerSLM
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 11 13/16 in (Russian broad gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length41 ft 11 15/16 in
Wheelbase18 ft 8 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 0 1/2 in
Service weight58,643 lbs
Adhesive weight46,517 lbs
Total weight89,067 lbs
Axle load16,535 lbs
Water capacity1,321 us gal
Fuel capacity13,228 lbs (wood)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power228 hp (170 kW)
Optimal speed12 mph
Top speed37 mph
Starting effort11,644 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter49 in
Boiler pressure149 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 14 15/16 x 20 1/16 in
Boiler
Grate area11.9 sq ft
Firebox area71 sq ft
Tube heating area663.9 sq ft
Evaporative heating area735 sq ft
Total heating area735 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
freight
passenger
last changed: 04/2023
Grand Trunk class E-12
Canadian National class E-10-a
Canada | 1910 | 24 produced
Former Canadian National No. 89 in 1993 on the Strasburg Rail Road, Pennsylvania
Former Canadian National No. 89 in 1993 on the Strasburg Rail Road, Pennsylvania
Sean Lamb
General
Built1910
ManufacturerCanadian Locomotive Co.
Axle config2-6-0 (Mogul) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase22 ft 7 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft
Total wheelbase49 ft 7 1/2 in
Service weight141,800 lbs
Adhesive weight120,600 lbs
Total weight269,860 lbs
Axle load40,200 lbs
Water capacity7,206 us gal
Fuel capacity22,400 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power800 hp (597 kW)
Optimal speed19 mph
Starting effort26,299 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63 in
Boiler pressure170 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 21 x 26 in
Boiler
Grate area30.8 sq ft
Firebox area166 sq ft
Tube heating area780 sq ft
Evaporative heating area946 sq ft
Superheater area200 sq ft
Total heating area1,146 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
passenger
freight
secondary line
last changed: 10 2023
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