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German Reichsbahn class 80
Germany | 1927 | 39 produced
80 030 in photo livery in 1980 in the Bochum-Dahlhausen Museum
80 030 in photo livery in 1980 in the Bochum-Dahlhausen Museum
Manfred Kopka

The three-axle class 80 and the four-axle class 81 were designed as standard locomotives in order to be able to replace the various Länderbahn types in shunting service. In order to be able to design the boiler as strong as possible while maintaining an axle load of 18 tonnes, lightweight construction was used in all possible places and the driving wheels were only designed with a diameter of 1,100 mm. After the war, the locomotives of the Bundesbahn were retired by 1965 and the locomotives of the Reichsbahn were replaced by diesel locomotives in the early 1960s. A few locomotives were sold to industry on both sides and some were used until about 1980.

General
Built1927-1929
ManufacturerHohenzollern, Union Königsberg, Wolf, Jung
Axle config0-6-0T (Six-coupled) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length31 ft 8 11/16 in
Wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Fixed wheelbase10 ft 6 in
Empty weight97,665 lbs
Service weight119,931 lbs
Adhesive weight119,931 lbs
Axle load39,904 lbs
Water capacity1,321 us gal
Fuel capacity4,409 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power567 hp (423 kW)
Optimal speed13 mph
Top speed28 mph
Starting effort27,095 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter43.3 in
Boiler pressure203 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 11/16 x 21 5/8 in
Boiler
Grate area16.6 sq ft
Firebox area71 sq ft
Tube heating area678.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area749.4 sq ft
Superheater area274.5 sq ft
Total heating area1,023.9 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
switcher
tank locomotive
last changed: 03/2023
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