The reference for locomotives and railcars


Page views since 2023-01-26: 239764
Gotthard Railway A 3/5 No. 931 to 938
Switzerland | 1908 | 8 produced
No. 938 on the SLM data sheet
No. 938 on the SLM data sheet
SBB Historic

After the first type A 3/5 express locomotives, the Gotthardbahn had Maffei develop another variant of this type in 1908. Although it was primarily intended for use on the company's valley routes, it was also intended to pull lighter trains on the mountain routes and, like its predecessors, was therefore given relatively small wheels with a diameter of 1,610 mm. Maffei used the basic construction of the Bavarian P 3/5 as a basis.

Thus, the locomotives had a bar frame and a long, narrow firebox that lay between the wheels of the second and third coupled axle. The roof of the firebox sloped backwards so that it was always sufficiently covered with water when driving downhill on the 2.7 percent mountain route. To increase efficiency, a Crawford-Clench design steam dryer was used, which was replaced by the Schmidt smoke tube superheater from 1913 onwards.

The dimensions of the cylinders and parts of the valve gear corresponded to the type C 4/5 freight locomotive also supplied by Maffei in 1906 in order to reduce the number of spare parts to be kept on hand. All cylinders acted on the first coupled axle according to the Von Borries design. A piston valve was used on each side, which simultaneously controlled one high- and one low-pressure cylinder. While this arrangement was efficient, over time it resulted in damage to the valve gear.

Sectional drawing with dimensions
Sectional drawing with dimensions
Die Lokomotive, June 1909

Maffei delivered four vehicles, four more were delivered by SLM in Winterthur in the same year. On the valley lines, they could transport 350-tonne trains at one percent at 60 km/h, and at 2.7 percent on the mountain route, it was still 150 tonnes at 40 km/h. The Gotthard railway was nationalized as early as 1909, so that the locomotives were now operated by the SBB. After the Gotthard Railway was electrified, it was scrapped as early as 1925.

ManufacturerMaffei, SLM
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length57 ft 3 3/8 in
Length loco38 ft 4 1/4 in
Wheelbase28 ft 3 15/16 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 9 9/16 in
Empty weight155,205 lbs
Service weight175,929 lbs
Adhesive weight109,129 lbs
Total weight259,660 lbs
Axle load36,376 lbs
Water capacity4,491 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,637 hp (1,221 kW)
Optimal speed41 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort25,640 lbf
with start valve30,768 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter63.4 in
Boiler pressure218 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 15 9/16 x 25 3/16 in
and LP: 25 x 25 3/16 in
Grate area36 sq ft
Firebox area165.8 sq ft
Tube heating area1,864.3 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,030.1 sq ft
Superheater area547.2 sq ft
Total heating area2,577.3 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Von Borries compound
last changed: 06/2022

We use cookies to save the following settings:

  • selected navigation structure
  • selected language
  • preferred units
  • spelling of railway company names

If you refuse the use of cookies, the settings will only be retained for the current session and will be reset to the default values the next time you visit the site.

Display of units

Here you can set the desired unit system for the technical data.

  • Metric: Lengths in meters, weights in tonnes, and volumes in cubic meters
  • Imperial (UK): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in long tons and volumes in imperial gallons
  • Imperial (US): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in pounds, and volumes in US gallons
  • Individual: Depends on the country of origin of each locomotive
Operator names

Here you can set the display of railway company names.

  • Short: Abbreviation or short form of the name
  • Standard: commonly used name, partially translated to English
  • Complete: full name in local language