The reference for locomotives and railcars


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Imperial-Royal State Railways class 210
Polish State Railways Pn11
Austria-Hungary | 1908 | 11 produced
Die Lokomotive, September 1919

In view of the increased train weights after the turn of the century, Karl Gölsdorf felt compelled to develop an express locomotive with a high steaming capacity, taking into account the low-energy coal used in Austria and the permitted maximum axle load of 14.5 tonnes. The Pacific design was out of the question, since the 2-6-2 locomotive of the class 110 had already shown that a sufficiently large firebox while obeying the axle load limits could not be realized with a single trailing axle

A grate area of around 4.6 square meters was required for the envisaged output of around 1,800 hp using Austrian coal. So Gölsdorf reversed the Pacific's axle configuration to fit a sufficiently large firebox over the rear bogie. The boiler was tapered so that the inner diameter at the front was 133 mm smaller than at the rear. Following the usual practice in Austria at that time, only a Clench steam dryer was installed instead of a smoke tube superheater

Schematic drawing with dimensions
Schematic drawing with dimensions
Die Lokomotive, April 1909

In order to guarantee sufficient guidance in curves even without a leading bogie, the leading axle was connected to the first coupled axle to form a Krauss-Helmholtz bogie. The bogie was also suspended in front of its first axle like a drawbar, and its first axle could also be moved laterally by 20 mm to improve maneuverability in curves.

As with the class 110, a four-cylinder compound engine was used, which here had a slightly larger cylinder diameter. The high and low pressure cylinders on each side shared a common valve body cast in one piece. All cylinders acted on the second coupled axle, with the wheels having a diameter of 2,140 mm designed for higher speeds. Approval was only for 100 km/h, which was sometimes exceeded in daily use.

The eleven vehicles were usually used with trains weighing 406 tonnes, with which they could easily reach the top speed. After their further development in the form of the class 310 was acquired, they were transferred from the Austrian heartland to Lemberg. For this reason, the nine remaining examples after the First World War came to the PKP, where they were designated Pn11 and were later converted to superheated steam. During the Second World War, the Reichsbahn classified the captured locomotives as 16 051 to 056, but these later returned to the PKP and were used until 1950.

ManufacturerFloridsdorf, BMMF
Axle config2-6-4 (Adriatic) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length70 ft 7 5/8 in
Length loco43 ft 1 3/16 in
Wheelbase34 ft 3 7/16 in
Fixed wheelbase14 ft 6 13/16 in
Total wheelbase59 ft 9 11/16 in
Empty weight169,976 lbs
Service weight184,747 lbs
Adhesive weight96,562 lbs
Total weight271,168 lbs
Axle load32,187 lbs
Water capacity5,548 us gal
Fuel capacity19,180 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,475 hp (1,100 kW)
Optimal speed43 mph
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort21,747 lbf
with start valve26,096 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter84.3 in
Boiler pressure218 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 15 3/8 x 28 3/8 in
and LP: 26 x 28 3/8 in
Grate area49.7 sq ft
Firebox area162.5 sq ft
Tube heating area2,233 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,395.5 sq ft
Total heating area2,395.5 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Von Borries compound
Karl Gölsdorf
last changed: 06/2022

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