The reference for locomotives and railcars


Page views since 2023-01-26: 260607
Egyptian State Railway class 16
Egypt | 1901 | 35 produced
flickr/Historical Railway Images

The Egyptian State Railways switched to express locomotives with a leading bogie in 1901 with the class 16. The first ten machines of this type, which was clearly designed according to British principles, came from Neilson, Reid & Co. from Glasgow. There were also 15 examples from Henschel in Germany and ten from the StEG locomotive factory in Austria, which were virtually identical to the Scottish machines. Typical for locomotives used in Egypt was the driver's cab, which was only closed at the front, with ornaments on the roof.

As was common for most British steam locomotives of the time, the cylinders were in a slightly inclined position within the frame and below the smokebox. Here, for the first time in a production locomotive, the feedwater heater developed by Frederick Harvey Trevithick to save water was used. While the previous tests had been carried out with some voluminous attachments, the heater could now be accommodated in the smokebox. This already paved the way for the smokebox superheater

ManufacturerNeilson, Reid & Co., Henschel, StEG
Axle config4-4-0 (American) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase22 ft 3 in
Fixed wheelbase9 ft 3 in
Service weight101,052 lbs
Adhesive weight65,884 lbs
Total weight173,292 lbs
Axle load35,840 lbs
Water capacity3,002 us gal
Fuel capacity12,320 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power600 hp (447 kW)
Optimal speed27 mph
Starting effort14,100 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter75 in
Boiler pressure160 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 x 24 in
Grate area21.4 sq ft
Firebox area126.6 sq ft
Tube heating area1,108.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,235 sq ft
Total heating area1,235 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
last changed: 10/2022

We use cookies to save the following settings:

  • selected navigation structure
  • selected language
  • preferred units
  • spelling of railway company names

If you refuse the use of cookies, the settings will only be retained for the current session and will be reset to the default values the next time you visit the site.

Display of units

Here you can set the desired unit system for the technical data.

  • Metric: Lengths in meters, weights in tonnes, and volumes in cubic meters
  • Imperial (UK): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in long tons and volumes in imperial gallons
  • Imperial (US): Lengths in feet/inches, weights in pounds, and volumes in US gallons
  • Individual: Depends on the country of origin of each locomotive
Operator names

Here you can set the display of railway company names.

  • Short: Abbreviation or short form of the name
  • Standard: commonly used name, partially translated to English
  • Complete: full name in local language