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Midland & Great Northern Joint class C
London & North Eastern classes D52 to D54
Great Britain | 1894 | 40 produced
No. 55 after the rebuild with a larger boiler with round-topped firebox
No. 55 after the rebuild with a larger boiler with round-topped firebox
Locomotive Magazine, October 1908

The Midland & Great Northern Joint Railway, which opened in 1893, initially used different types of locomotives, either from the Midland or the Great Northern. The class C was introduced in 1894 by Samuel Waite Johnson of the Midland to reinforce these locomotives for use with express trains. It was similar to the Midland Railway Class 1808, but had a smaller tender and a front sandbox for reversing on branch lines.

Sharp, Stewart & Co. delivered 26 machines in 1894 and seven more in 1896. Another seven came in 1899 from Beyer, Peacock & Co. and ten almost identical were introduced in 1900 as Class 2581 on the Midland Railway. The locomotives had a driver diameter of six feet and six and a half inches (1,994 mm) and a boiler with a diameter of four feet and four inches.

In later years, many machines received new boilers. On some this was a boiler with a Belpaire firebox, not significantly larger than the original one. These locomotives were later designated C/2s to distinguish them, while the original ones became C/1s. In 1908 two locomotives were fitted with the standard Midland Railway Type H boiler, which was significantly larger and had a round-topped firebox. A larger number received the standard G7 boiler between 1909 and 1916, which had a Belpaire firebox and was four feet and nine inches in diameter. These were later referred to as C/3.

No. 44 as built
No. 44 as built
Locomotive Magazine, July 1896

Other upgrades, which varied from engine to engine, included different chimneys, lengthened smokeboxes, a change from vacuum to Westinghouse brakes, and cabs with better weather protection. In the new LNER designation scheme of 1942, the sub classes C/1, C/2 and C/3 became the D52, D53 and D54. Due to progressive decommissioning, however, all had disappeared in 1946, when the locomotives were actually to be renumbered. Today there is only a single boiler, for which there are plans to build a complete locomotive as a standing model.

ManufacturerSharp, Stewart & Co., Beyer, Peacock & Co.
Axle config4-4-0 (American) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length52 ft 9 1/2 in
Wheelbase43 ft 4 1/4 in
Service weight96,096 lbs99,344 lbs111,776 lbs
Adhesive weight63,278 lbs74,368 lbs
Total weight169,456 lbs172,704 lbs185,136 lbs
Axle load35,480 lbs38,080 lbs
Water capacity3,546 us gal
Fuel capacity6,720 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power550 hp (410 kW)575 hp (429 kW)750 hp (559 kW)
Optimal speed23 mph24 mph28 mph
Starting effort15,417 lbf16,862 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter78.5 in
Boiler pressure160 psi175 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 18 1/2 x 26 in
Grate area17.5 sq ft21 sq ft
Firebox area110 sq ft127 sq ft
Tube heating area968 sq ft1,257 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,078 sq ft1,384 sq ft
Total heating area1,078 sq ft1,384 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Samuel Waite Johnson
last changed: 01/2023

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