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Badenian IV f
Germany | 1907 | 35 produced
Side view of No. 763 (company photo)
Side view of No. 763 (company photo)

The IV f was an express locomotive with which the Munich company Maffei had won a competition held by the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways in 1905. After three pre-series models built by Maffei, 32 more machines followed from the Karlsruhe mechanical engineering company. It was the first locomotive in Germany with the axle configuration 4-6-2, which is also known internationally under the American designation “Pacific”. The well-known Bavarian S 3/6 was later to become a development of the IV f.

The Pacific design and the bar frame instead of a plate frame were approaches that had been taken over from American locomotive construction. Nevertheless, the entire locomotive received a filigree and streamlined appearance, which was in contrast to the bulky American locomotives. In addition, the four-cylinder compound engine based on the Von Borries design was a typical feature of southern German express train locomotives.

Since the IV f was also to be used in mountainous areas away from the main Rhenish route, its 1,800 mm diameter coupled wheels were relatively small. As a result, a higher tractive force could be achieved on inclines than with larger wheels, but the entire engine reached high rotational speeds on flat land at high speeds, which also led to increased wear and consumption. To enlarge the grate area, the firebox was pulled behind the driving wheels and widened so that it is clearly visible from the outside. It was only because of this change and the resulting increased overhang that the 2'C wheel arrangement had to be abandoned and the trailing axle added. By balancing the load between the two rear axles, it was possible to increase the adhesive weight by around three tons on well-developed routes.

When it was taken over by the Reichsbahn in 1925, 22 of the 35 engines were still in use, which became the class 182. While the more numerous former S 3/6 remained in service for a long time despite the high-maintenance power plant, all examples of the former IV f were retired by 1930.

Variant1907 variant1912 variant1913 variant
ManufacturerMaffei, MBG Karlsruhe
Axle config4-6-2 (Pacific) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length69 ft 3 9/16 in
Wheelbase36 ft 9 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase12 ft 8 3/4 in
Total wheelbase60 ft 2 7/16 in
Empty weight179,015 lbs174,606 lbs175,488 lbs
Service weight194,668 lbs197,754 lbs189,597 lbs
Adhesive weight109,129 lbs108,688 lbs108,467 lbs
Axle load36,376 lbs36,156 lbs
Water capacity3,963 us gal5,283 us gal
Fuel capacity11,023 lbs (coal)15,432 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power1,746 hp (1,302 kW)
Optimal speed41 mph
Top speed62 mph
Starting effort26,947 lbf
with start valve32,336 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter70.9 in
Boiler pressure232 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 16 3/4 x 24 in
and LP: 25 9/16 x 26 3/8 in
Grate area48.4 sq ft
Firebox area157.7 sq ft
Tube heating area2,089 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,246.6 sq ft
Superheater area538.2 sq ft
Total heating area2,784.8 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Von Borries compound
last changed: 01/2022

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