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Hungarian State Railways and Košice–Bohumín Railway series Ia
later series 220
Austria-Hungary | 1881 | 206 produced
220.194 originally numbered as No. 204 at an exhibition in Bratislava Vychod
220.194 originally numbered as No. 204 at an exhibition in Bratislava Vychod
Rainerhaufe

After the express locomotives with the 2-4-0 wheel arrangement could not reach sufficient speeds and the first 4-4-0 locomotives procured could not convince either, the construction of the locomotives later designated as series Ia was commissioned. In most details, they were based on locomotives that had been built for the KFJB from 1879 and bore the numbers 201 to 213. With these, MÁV was able to operate express trains at a speed of 90 km/h for the first time.

The locomotives had an outer frame, outside cylinders and Hall cranks. The first 16 pieces were delivered between 1881 and 1885 and had a boiler pressure of 10.5 bars. A further 185 units were delivered between 1890 and 1905 and had a boiler pressure increased to twelve bars. The Kaschau-Oderberger Bahn procured five identical units from 1895.

In the beginning, the series Ia could be seen in front of the highest-valued express trains. However, the more powerful series Ie was procured while it was still in production, which contested the service of the Ia on the routes originating from Budapest. They were now increasingly used on the connecting routes between the major main routes.

Later, four examples were equipped with superheaters, which increased the towing capacity at 90 km/h on the level from 107 to 161 tonnes. However, a general conversion of the remaining engines did not come about and soon they were only used on branch lines. MÁV retired the last engines in 1952. During the First World War, 79 examples were sent to the CFR in Romania, where they were scrapped by 1945. Six examples ended up in Czechoslovakia, where they were designated as the class 264.5 and were in service until 1937. After the nationalization of the KsOd, five examples of these also came to the CSD and were designated there as the class 254.4.

Variant1881 variant1890 variant
General
Built1881-18851890-1905
ManufacturerMÁVAG, Wiener NeustadtMÁVAG, Wiener Neustadt, Floridsdorf
Axle config4-4-0 (American) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length50 ft 3 3/4 in51 ft 8 5/16 in
Wheelbase19 ft 4 5/16 in
Fixed wheelbase6 ft 8 11/16 in
Service weight109,312 lbs
Adhesive weight63,392 lbs
Total weight178,574 lbs
Axle load31,747 lbs
Water capacity3,302 us gal
Fuel capacity19,401 lbs (coal)
Power
Power sourcesteam
Indicated power591 hp (441 kW)
Optimal speed26 mph23 mph
Top speed56 mph
Starting effort14,465 lbf16,526 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter71.9 in
Boiler pressure152 psi174 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 11/16 x 25 9/16 in
Boiler
Grate area22.6 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,459.5 sq ft
Total heating area1,459.5 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
express
last changed: 05/2022
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