The reference for locomotives and railcars


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French Northern Railway No. 3.078 to 3.354
French State Railway 230 A 1 to 277
France | 1897 | 277 produced
3.182 on an old postcard in Noyelles-sur-Mer
3.182 on an old postcard in Noyelles-sur-Mer
Locomotive Magazine, April 1899

The Nord had borrowed the Ten-wheeler number 1301 from the Midi at the end of 1896 in order to investigate the suitability of this type for mixed service. Due to the good results, the first 50 locomotives were ordered to pull express freight trains, heavy passenger trains and mail trains. Later the number grew to 277, which also hauled coal trains up to 1,000 tonnes and even express trains on mountainous lines. In service with coal trains they were soon superseded by machines with a 2-8-0 wheel arrangement, while the heaviest passenger and express trains were soon hauled by newer Ten-wheelers and Pacifics. At the SNCF they were designated 230 A and increasingly used on branch lines. Most were retired in the 1950s, the last in 1962.

ManufacturerHainaut, SFCM, Schneider, Franco-Belge, SACM, Fives-Lille, Bâtignolles-Châtillon, Nord, Cockerill, Énergie
Axle config4-6-0 (Ten-wheeler) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Length56 ft 3 1/8 in
Length loco34 ft 0 7/8 in
Wheelbase24 ft 11 3/16 in
Fixed wheelbase13 ft 1 1/2 in
Total wheelbase45 ft 6 1/16 in
Service weight136,246 lbs
Adhesive weight98,106 lbs
Total weight213,848 lbs
Axle load32,706 lbs
Water capacity3,963 us gal
Fuel capacity6,614 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power1,006 hp (750 kW)
Optimal speed35 mph
Top speed65 mph
Starting effort18,284 lbf
with start valve21,941 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter68.9 in
Boiler pressure218 psi
Expansion typecompound
Cylindersfour, HP: 13 3/4 x 25 3/16 in
and LP: 21 5/8 x 25 3/16 in
Grate area25.6 sq ft
Firebox area134 sq ft
Tube heating area1,907.4 sq ft
Evaporative heating area2,041.4 sq ft
Total heating area2,041.4 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
De Glehn compound
last changed: 08/2023

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