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Great Northern (UK) Stirling 2-4-0
later classes E3 and E1
Great Britain | 1867 | 137 produced

Stirling's first locomotives for the Great Northern were the 20 2-4-0s of class 280, built in 1867 and 1868. Despite the large drivers measuring 6 feet 7 inches or 2,007 mm in diameter, they were used for passenger and mail trains, while express trains were reserved for Singles. One feature was that the driving axles were mounted in the inside frame and the leading axle in the outside frame.

From 1874 onwards, 117 more followed, which were known as class 86 and had some changes. Many of these were rebuilt to class E1 from 1897, when Ivatt succeeded Stirling. They received a larger boiler, while those that were not rebuilt were now referred to as class E3. In the 20th century they only served light trains on branch lines. 34 came to the LNER, but they were retired by 1927.

Variant28086rebuilt E1
Built1867-18681874-1879from 1897
ManufacturerAvonside, Yorkshire Engine Co.Doncaster, Kitson & Co.Doncaster
Axle config2-4-0 (Porter) 
Gauge4 ft 8 1/2 in (Standard gauge)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase17 ft 9 in17 ft 11 in
Fixed wheelbase17 ft 9 in17 ft 11 in
Empty weight72,352 lbs
Service weight77,168 lbs86,464 lbs92,960 lbs
Adhesive weight53,536 lbs57,992 lbs
Total weight179,200 lbs
Axle load27,664 lbs30,912 lbs33,600 lbs
Fuel capacitycoal
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power375 hp (280 kW)350 hp (261 kW)525 hp (391 kW)
Optimal speed25 mph20 mph23 mph
Starting effort9,702 lbf11,137 lbf14,564 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter79 in
Boiler pressure130 psi170 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 17 x 24 intwo, 17 1/2 x 26 in
Grate area15.9 sq ft16.3 sq ft
Firebox area94 sq ft95 sq ft103 sq ft
Tube heating area991.5 sq ft897 sq ft1,016 sq ft
Evaporative heating area1,085.5 sq ft992 sq ft1,119 sq ft
Total heating area1,085.5 sq ft992 sq ft1,119 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
Patrick Stirling
last changed: 02/2024

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