The reference for locomotives and railcars


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Denver & Rio Grande Western class C-16
originally class 60N
United States | 1877 | 96 produced
No. 220 in 1920 in Embudo, New Mexico
No. 220 in 1920 in Embudo, New Mexico
Otto Perry / Denver Public Library

The Denver & Rio Grande had the Class 60N built by Grant and Baldwin as standard freight locomotives starting in 1877. These were Consolidations, which were tiny compared to later locomotives on the three-foot gauge. Baldwin's machines had a larger boiler than Grant's. They later received the class designation C-16 from the Denver & Rio Grande Western. Some later received slightly larger wheels and higher boiler pressure. After the new Mikados took over the majority of traffic, the Class 60N was significantly decimated in the 1930s. It could only remain in use where no other locomotives could be used due to the axle load. Today Grant's number 223 remains, having been under restoration for years.

Axle config2-8-0 (Consolidation) 
Gauge3 ft 0 in (Three feet)
Dimensions and Weights
Wheelbase17 ft 4 in17 ft 10 in
Fixed wheelbase11 ft 4 in
Total wheelbase41 ft 11 in41 ft 9 1/2 in
Service weight60,000 lbs
Adhesive weight50,000 lbs
Total weight111,600 lbs
Axle load12,500 lbs
Water capacity2,500 us gal
Fuel capacity12,000 lbs (coal)
Power sourcesteam
Estimated power220 hp (164 kW)270 hp (201 kW)
Optimal speed10 mph12 mph
Starting effort13,812 lbf
Power Plant
Driver diameter36 in
Boiler pressure130 psi
Expansion typesimple
Cylinderstwo, 15 x 20 in
Grate area14 sq ft16.7 sq ft
Firebox area72 sq ft88 sq ft
Tube heating area759 sq ft764 sq ft
Evaporative heating area831 sq ft852 sq ft
Total heating area831 sq ft852 sq ft
Calculated Values
steam locomotive
narrow gauge
last changed: 09/2023

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